advocate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v advocate speak, plead, or argue in favor of "The doctor advocated a smoking ban in the entire house"
    • v advocate push for something "The travel agent recommended strongly that we not travel on Thanksgiving Day"
    • n advocate a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
    • n advocate a lawyer who pleads cases in court
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The term "devil's advocate" comes from the Roman Catholic Church. When deciding if someone should be sainted, a devil's advocate is always appointed to give an alternative view.
    • Advocate Christ, considered as an intercessor. "We have an Advocate with the Father."
    • Advocate One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an advocate of truth.
    • Advocate One who pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a counselor.
    • v. i Advocate To act as advocate.
    • v. t Advocate To plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly. "To advocate the cause of thy client.""This is the only thing distinct and sensible, that has been advocated .""Eminent orators were engaged to advocate his cause."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The guillotine was originally called a louisette. Named for Antoine Louis, the French surgeon who invented it. It became known as the guillotine for Joseph Ignace Guillotin, the French physician who advocated it as a more merciful means of execution than the noose or ax.
    • n advocate One who pleads the cause of another in a court of law; specifically, a lawyer of full rank in a country, or practising before a court, in which the civil or the canon law prevails, as France and Scotland, and the admiralty and ecclesiastical courts of England.
    • n advocate One who defends, vindicates, or espouses a cause by argument; a pleader in favor of any person or thing; an upholder; a defender: as, an advocate of peace or of the oppressed.
    • n advocate In the Roman Catholic Church, a name commonly applied to the promoter of the faith, one of the college of consistorial advocates in the papal court, from his office of urging the objections against the virtues, miracles, etc., of a person proposed for canonization.
    • n advocate One given to bringing forward accusations against personal character.
    • n advocate In England, formerly, an official who prosecuted in all criminal cases falling under military law which concerned the crown; now, a subordinate member of the government who acts as the legal adviser of the crown in all matters of military law.
    • advocate To invoke.
    • advocate To plead in favor of; defend by argument before a tribunal; support or vindicate.
    • advocate In Scots law, formerly, to transfer from an inferior court to the Court of Session, as an action while still pending, or after judgment had been given, in order that the judgment might be reviewed. See advocation, 2. Synonyms To plead for, stand up for, favor, uphold.
    • advocate To act as an advocate; plead.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Advocate ad′vo-kāt an intercessor or defender: one who pleads the cause of another, esp. in a court of law in Scotland and France
    • v.t Advocate to plead in favour of: to recommend
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Quotations

  • George Mcgovern
    George Mcgovern
    “No man should advocate a course in private that he's ashamed to admit in public.”
  • Dorothy Thompson
    Dorothy Thompson
    “Can one preach at home inequality of races and nations and advocate abroad good-will towards all men?”
  • Warren E. Burger
    Warren E. Burger
    “We are more casual about qualifying the people we allow to act as advocates in the courtroom than we are about licensing electricians.”
  • Karl Barth
    Karl Barth
    “The best theology would need no advocates; it would prove itself.”
  • Ronald Reagan
    Ronald%20Reagan
    “Abortion is advocated only by persons who have themselves been born.”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Trial. A formal inquiry designed to prove and put upon record the blameless characters of judges, advocates and jurors.”

Idioms

Devil's advocate - If someone plays Devil's advocate in an argument, they adopt a position they don't believe in just for the sake of the argument
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. avocat, avocet, OF. avocat, fr. L. advocatus, one summoned or called to another; properly the p. p. of advocare, to call to, call to one's aid; ad, + vocare, to call. See Advowee Avowee Vocal

Usage

In literature:

Their advancement in moral character would have put to shame the advocate for the perpetuation of slavery.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Are you a staunch advocate for constitutional government and political guarantees?
"Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time" by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
His ministers also, though the advocates of the despotic principles of the old regime, were men of ability.
"Louis Philippe" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
No sensible advocate of Romanism will say this!
"Americanism Contrasted with Foreignism, Romanism, and Bogus Democracy in the Light of Reason, History, and Scripture;" by William Gannaway Brownlow
In him the advocates of woman's rights have always found a steadfast friend.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume III (of III)" by Various
It was in this spirit that he advocated before the Senate the maintenance of Caesar's authority in the two Gauls.
"The Life of Cicero" by Anthony Trollope
Stephen thus entered Parliament as an advocate of the Government policy.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
Proud of his son's talents, the elder Petrarch chalked out for him a grand career as an advocate, which was to end in the judge's ermine.
"Great Men and Famous Women, Vol. 7 of 8"
One of the most devoted advocates of the interests of railroad managers is Marshall M. Kirkman.
"The Railroad Question" by William Larrabee
Cleveland Advocate, Oct. 5, Sept. 14, 1915; Aug. 10, Nov. 11, 1917; Mar.
"Negro Migration during the War" by Emmett J. Scott
The advocate, fanning himself with it in an abstracted manner, went on to advise the greatest candour in the witness-box.
"The Spanish Jade" by Maurice Hewlett
Many of the older advocates have passed away, but new ones have taken their place.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
Lord Eldon persisted in addressing the advocate as Mr. Bruffam.
"Law and Laughter" by George Alexander Morton
State Senator George Q. Bartlett read letters from Senator France advocating ratification.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
It is not that the student should not know the arguments opposing the ideas of the advocates of peace by arbitration.
"Prize Orations of the Intercollegiate Peace Association" by Intercollegiate Peace Association
He is a professional advocate of one form of faith, and his eye is strictly bent on business.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
They therefore were constrained to advocate submission.
"Virginia under the Stuarts 1607-1688" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
A book advocating purely vegetable diet accidentally fell into his hands.
"Benjamin Franklin, A Picture of the Struggles of Our Infant Nation One Hundred Years Ago" by John S. C. Abbott
In his Epistle He tells us what He is doing for us in heaven as our Advocate.
"The Way to God and How to Find It" by Dwight Moody
When Mr. B. came to Boston to advocate that scheme, he says a placard was published, calling on the rabble to mob him.
"Discussion on American Slavery" by George Thompson
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In poetry:

Be thou, O Christ, my advocate,
And enter for me to debate,
Nor let the overbearing foe
Insult a man so very low!
"Part Of The Sixty-Ninth Psalm" by Rees Prichard
Her advocate did plead full sore,
That he her freedom might restore,
The noble judge had still the more
Another mind;
By evidence in whom, therefore,
The truth did find.
"The Death Of Thomas Stoddart" by Susannah Hawkins
Stern Reason is to judgment come,
Arrayed in all her forms of gloom :
Wilt thou, my advocate, be dumb ?
No, radiant angel, speak and say
Why I did cast the world away,—
"Plead For Me" by Emily Jane Bronte
I ain’t agin the temperance cause,
Nor yet no advocate ov drinkin’—
I only tells the yarn because—
Well, at the time it somehow seemed
Ter kind ov set me thinkin’.
"The Two Samaritans and the Tramp" by Henry Lawson
The captain's might, and mystery of the seer--
Remoteness of Jehovah's colloquist,
Nearness of man's heaven-advocate--are here:
Alone Mount Nebo's harsh foreshadow is miss'd.
"Epigrams" by William Watson
Why wilt thou fear thy Judge's final doom,
Since Christ will as thy advocate appear?
Thy Judge's son has suffer'd in thy room;
Death and damnation, why then shou'dst thou fear?
"An Excellent Consolation To The Sad Soul Against Despair" by Rees Prichard

In news:

Advocate of Democracy in Myanmar Meets Obama.
Advocating for freedom to seek day labor work and for better living conditions at the Lorna Place apartment complex.
As it stands – as of this posting – unless the US Supreme Court intervenes to stop it, Texas tonight will execute Marvin Lee Wilson, even as advocates continue to cry foul.
Margaret Warner speaks with an advocate for human rights in China and a former National Security Council Asia expert for more on the meaning of the conviction.
Marijuana legalization advocates say decriminalization works well in many states.
Advocates hoping to decriminalize teen sex crimes are urging Gov David Paterson to sign a bill that would offer young people assistance in getting out of the sex trade, instead of jail time.
EDITOR'S NOTE: This video was produced by CoMo Fiber, a group advocating for Columbia to test Google's high-speed Internet service.
Advocate staff photo by BETH COLVINSalmon cooked in butter and lemon is a quick, healthy way to enjoy this good-for-you fish.
Defense Department Advocates Healthier Dining for Armed Forces Personnel.
But Delilah 's passion for the greenhouse market has driven her to serve as an advocate that has truly helped shape, guide and promote the industry she has reported on.
A union source said the corporation would not provide pension survivor benefits to same-sex married couples in Washington despite advocating for the new marriage equality law.
Fights and other problems common, advocates charge.
I disagree with her view that The Advocate printed a rude and derogatory depiction of Towson State University in the game of football.
The archbishop tells The Advocate that the world has a hard time understanding a God who says, "I created you because I loved you.".
Nobel Peace Prize winner and human rights advocate.
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In science:

Roe and Woodroofe have made an interesting suggestion for modifying the “unified approach” to classical confidence intervals which Feldman and I advocated in Ref. .
Application of Conditioning to the Gaussian-with-Boundary Problem in the Unified Approach to Confidence Intervals
The particular representation of sets of probability measures advocated in this paper was also shown to have a number of other attractive properties.
Conditional Plausibility Measures and Bayesian Networks
This was worked out in detail in , where this point of view was first advocated.
Large N field theories from superstrings
While the similar densities of dark ‘energy’ and ‘matter’ can possibly be explained by advocating a quintessence scalar field which ‘tracks’ the matter density (Steinhardt, Wang & Zlatev 1999), the reason why the densities of the 3 matter components are so similar is not so apparent.
CMB Constraints on a Baryonic Dark Matter-Dominated Universe
In recent months, several solutions have been advocated to reconcile BBN with the larger values of the baryon density suggested by the CMB data.
CMB Constraints on a Baryonic Dark Matter-Dominated Universe
Going down towards even smaller scales, the presence of the two blobs N83B-1 and N83B-2 and the arc-nebula inside N83B advocates the idea of a fractal structure in the molecular cloud which gave rise to star formation in this part of the LMC.
HST study of the LMC compact star forming region N83B
The same picture was advocated independently by Rosner in his qualitative argument .
Final-state interaction and s-quark helicity conservation in B -> J/psi K*
Using the recently advocated properties of the Ingham-Siegel integrals, we have provided a compact expression for the distribution of the matrix elements of the Wishart ensemble, in the case where the numbers of rows and columns are finite and arbitrary.
Wishart and Anti-Wishart random matrices
Two remarkable programmes are “state sum model” advocated by Crane and Yetter and “spin foam model” by Rovelli and Reisenberger.
Chern-Simons Term for BF Theory and Gravity as a Generalized Topological Field Theory in Four Dimensions
Until recently there was little evidence in the case of these theories for the relevance of the abstract equivariant K -theory point of view advocated in the earlier part of this paper.
Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory: A Sketch
In an previous paper we advocated a different approach – try to preserve a subset of the full supersymmetry in the lattice model. A similar approach has also been adopted in .
Lattice Supersymmetry and Topological Field Theory
The application of 3D model atmospheres appears to bring down the high advocated linear trend to something which better resembles the canonical plateau (Asplund & Garc´ıa P´erez 2001), revealing a potential and very significant systematic error in previous standard analyses using 1D model atmospheres.
Stellar abundance analyses in the light of 3D hydrodynamical model atmospheres
Detection of this feature in future neutron scattering experiments would provide strong support in favor of the theory of the underdoped cuprates advocated here.
Theory of spin response in underdoped cuprates as strongly fluctuating d-wave superconductors
If the attenuation by dust is as serious as advocated by Massarotti et al. (2001), the peak generated by the formation of massive spheroids could lie anywhere in the z > 1 region, but it would be hidden if the associated strong starbursts occurred in sites heavily obscured by dust.
The cosmic evolution of the galaxy luminosity density
This can be nicely understood in the “dimer freezing” picture advocated in Ref. , where the screening of the impurity constitutes an important deformation of the RVB spin liquid groundstate.
Spin-Charge Separation in Two-dimensional Frustrated Quantum Magnets
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