adjustment

Definitions

  • Adjustable Chisel-Gage.  Wooden Bench-Plane
    Adjustable Chisel-Gage. Wooden Bench-Plane
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n adjustment the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
    • n adjustment the act of adjusting something to match a standard
    • n adjustment making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
    • n adjustment an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances "an allowance for profit"
    • n adjustment the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Woodworking Bench used at Pratt Institute, Showing Self-Adjusting Upright Vise Woodworking Bench used at Pratt Institute, Showing Self-Adjusting Upright Vise
A wrought-iron trammel used for hanging a pot from a fireplace crane. The adjustable hook made it possible to raise or lower the pot A wrought-iron trammel used for hanging a pot from a fireplace crane. The adjustable hook made it possible to raise...
Fine Adjustment Valve Fine Adjustment Valve
Adjustment of the Light Adjustment of the Light

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Among transsexuals who choose sex-change operations, females who elect to become males are reportedly happier and better adjusted after the procedures than males who elect to become female.
    • Adjustment (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.
    • Adjustment The act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of bringing into proper relations; regulation. "Success depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the parts concerned."
    • Adjustment The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument, as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If the gross for Gone With the Wind were to be adjusted to allow for inflation in the period since its release, it would be regarded as the most successful film ever.
    • n adjustment The act of adjusting; a making fit or conformable; the act of adapting to a given purpose; orderly regulation or arrangement: as, the adjustment of the parts of a watch.
    • n adjustment The state of being adjusted; a condition of adaptation; orderly relation of parts or elements.
    • n adjustment That which serves to adjust or adapt one thing to another or to a particular service: as, the adjustments of constitutional government, of a microscope, a timepiece, etc.
    • n adjustment The act of settling or arranging, as a difference or dispute; settlement; arrangement.
    • n adjustment In marine insurance, the act of settling and ascertaining the amount of indemnity which the party insured is entitled to receive under the policy after all proper allowances and deductions have been made, and the settling of the proportion of that indemnity which each underwriter is liable to bear. Synonyms Arrangement, regulation, settlement, adaptation, accommodation, disposal.
    • n adjustment In an exacter sense than 2, the operation of modifying the relations between a set of things or other objects so as to make these relations conform to some requirement, especially so as to bring them into conformity with relations between elements of a plan or purpose. Thus the adjustment of a transit instrument consists, first, in turning it round a vertical axis until its axis of rotation (in using it) is nearly enough in the plane of the prime vertical; second, in raising or lowering one end of the latter axis until it is nearly enough in the plane of the horizon; and, third, in shifting the wires until the collimation is near enough to zero.
    • n adjustment Specifically, the modification of a set of statements so as to bring them into harmony with one another and with some proposition treated as absolutely true. Thus in geodesy, after an extensive triangulation is complete it will be found that the observed values of the angles do not exactly agree with the principles of geometry and the assumed figure of the earth, which would give rise to much inconvenience. Accordingly by an elaborate series of modifications skilful computers modify the values so that the sum of the squares of all the changes shall be the least possible required to bring the values into agreement with the requirements; and this operation is termed the adjustment of the triangulation. Owing to the fact that the rules are derived from the calculus of probabilities, and that the adjusted values are the most probable that can be assigned, it might be supposed that the purpose was merely to ascertain the most probable values; but the superiority of the adjusted values in that respect is very small and the major consideration is consistency.
    • n adjustment In biology, a change which is brought about in a living being by its own activity and is not transmitted to descendants, as contrasted with a change which is congenital and hereditary; an acquired character.
    • n adjustment The term is used in two senses: for methods in which the observer himself varies a given stimulus until it appears equal to a second, constant stimulus, for example, Fechner's method of average error (see method);
    • n adjustment for methods in which a variable stimulus is adjusted, whether by experimenter or observer, to the required relation to a constant stimulus, for example, Wundt's method of minimal changes (see method).
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: To go one lunar day, adjust your watch to lose two minutes and five seconds every hour.
    • n Adjustment arrangement. [O. Fr. ajouster—Low L. adjuxtāre, to put side by side—L. juxta, near]
    • ***

Quotations

  • Morarji Desai
    Morarji Desai
    “Life at any time can become difficult: life at any time can become easy. It all depends upon how one adjusts oneself to life.”
  • C. M. Ward
    C. M. Ward
    “There are things I can't force. I must adjust. There are times when the greatest change needed is a change of my viewpoint.”
  • Jean Kerr
    Jean Kerr
    “The average, healthy, well-adjusted adult gets up at seven-thirty in the morning feeling just plain terrible.”
  • Jimmy Dean
    Jimmy Dean
    “I can't change the direction of the wind, but I can adjust my sails to always reach my destination.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “We cannot direct the wind but we can adjust the sails.”
  • Joseph Chilton Pearce
    Joseph Chilton Pearce
    “We are shaped by each other. We adjust not to the reality of a world, but to the reality of other thinkers.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. ajustement,. See Adjust

Usage

In literature:

He adjusted the coil of a radio-compass here, another there and still another here.
"Curlie Carson Listens In" by Roy J. Snell
Through the yielding of the spring, the space between the follower and loop adjusts itself to studs or hooks of any size.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
So we might as well make adjustments.
"Stand by for Mars!" by Carey Rockwell
For his individuality is but the shape of soul given his race by its century-long adjustment.
"Musical Portraits" by Paul Rosenfeld
Ashe had to don his mask as he plunged head and shoulders under water to make the necessary adjustment.
"Key Out of Time" by Andre Alice Norton
When more weight is taken aboard, or weight leaves the station, we have to adjust the gyro's speed.
"Danger in Deep Space" by Carey Rockwell
Any questions which arose on either side were taken up at once and readily adjusted.
"Modern American Prose Selections" by Various
Sew the crown to brim before adjusting the side crown covering.
"Make Your Own Hats" by Gene Allen Martin
Meantime the efforts for an adjustment made in the House of Representatives had been equally fruitless.
"The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by Jefferson Davis
FURTHER CONSIDERATION OF BREATHING, LARYNGEAL ADJUSTMENT, ETC.
"Voice Production in Singing and Speaking" by Wesley Mills
Pack adjusted he would turn to make salutation.
"Bakemono Yashiki (The Haunted House)" by James S. De Benneville
Node was strapped in the frame, his arms adjusted to the wings, and Alfred adjusted the head dress against Node's violent protest.
"Watch Yourself Go By" by Al. G. Field
Here also is found the need for adjustment.
"The Potter's Craft" by Charles F. Binns
With the motor is usually combined regulating machinery for adjusting the power and speed to the work done.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 1" by Various
Even so, there is much to adjust and to neglect; the red cliffs of Torbay, and the cloudy skies of the north.
"Studies in Logical Theory" by John Dewey
The curb-bit once made and properly adjusted to the head-stall, the next step will be to =fit it accurately= to the horse's mouth.
"The American Horsewoman" by Elizabeth Karr
This resulted in the chain hanging quite loose in some places and in others the tightness prevented adjustment.
"Smithsonian Institution - United States National Museum - Bulletin 240" by Anonymous
Under it is a mirror so adjusted that it reflects light upward through the drawing.
"The Invention of Lithography" by Alois Senefelder
The next move was to adjust the packs on the Cayuse.
"Wigwam and War-path; Or the Royal Chief in Chains" by A. B. (Alfred Benjamin) Meacham
Chain adjustment Tension de chaine.
"English-French and French-English dictionary of the motor car, cycle, and boat" by Frederick Lucas
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In poetry:

Once more, O all-adjusting Death!
The nation's Pantheon opens wide;
Once more a common sorrow saith
A strong, wise man has died.
"Samuel J. Tilden" by John Greenleaf Whittier
We will make our meek adjustments,
Contented with such random consolations
As the wind deposits
In slithered and too ample pockets.
"Chaplinesque" by Harold Hart Crane
And thus, adjusted to our lot,
Our kisses will be doubly hot—
Fornicating (like good machines)
We'll try the chances of our genes.
"War Resisters' Song" by Thomas McGrath
And storms deface The fluid glass
In which erewhile Britannia fair
Look'd down with pride, Like Ocean's bride,
Adjusting her majestic air!
"Ocean: An Ode. Concluding With A Wish." by Edward Young
First wash thy face, and comb thy hair,
Thy cravat then adjust with care,
Let all thy dress be clean and tight,
For that is pleasing to the sight.
"Mr. Prichard's Advice To His Son Samuel" by Rees Prichard
WEDGEWOOD.
I will be at your service as soon as I have had time to adjust my outward and refresh
my inward man.--Necessarily odd! (Seeing the COUNTESS about to retire.) Madam,
allow me (takes her hand)--If it is convenient.
"The Maid Of Saxony; Or, Who's The Traitor? - Act I" by George Pope Morris

In news:

Package auto-adjustment speeds case packing changeover .
With Jets camp having ended, Tim Tebow, will now be adjusting to New York City and all its challenges.
Chechen teen Seda Makhadzheva sits with her friends in her kitchen as they adjust her head scarf.
But one of the most noticeable adjustments to Chimera 's game since Hunter took over on Nov 28 has been to work the 6-foot-3, 213-pound winger into the fold on the power play.
He practiced chiropractic in Paducah, Kentucky since 2009 using low force adjusting techniques to improve the health of the community.
Adjust crop load to avert chlorosis in Honeycrisp.
While Farragut adjusted to Austin-East's team speed in time to rally in the Chop House Classic semifinals, South-Doyle had little clue against the Admirals' red-hot three-point shooting, defense and overall hustle in the finals.
Dog's adjustment to new partner can be chore .
This recipe can be adjusted, rain or shine.
1 find increased relative risks of heart disease among men and women with bronchitis, after adjustment for smoking habits, serum cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure.
Imagine experiencing the anxieties and adjustments of the first day of school several times during one school year.
The District Department of Transportation is launching a series of changes in the Circulator bus system, eliminating one route, adding another and making further adjustments in the service.
Cloverleaf 's ability to make adjustments in the second half helped the Colts battle back from a 2-1 halftime deficit to topple the visiting Wooster Generals 4-2 in the Div.
Grinding gears, engaging at the very top or bottom of pedal travel and slipping are all possible symptoms that the clutch needs to be adjusted.
I own a 2007 Toyota Matrix and when I started stalling it more often due to the clutch , I asked the dealer if he would adjust the clutch for me.
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In science:

In this method, the basic equations of the disk are chosen as non-relativistic and the gravitational force and corresponding potential are adjusted in such a manner, that could approximately describe relativistic properties of the accretion disk around compact ob jects.
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
The break energy scale has been conventionally adjusted by choosing the minimum energy of accelerated electrons.
Photon Emission in a Cascade from Relativistic Protons Initiated by Residual Thermal Photons in Gamma-Ray Bursts
When the scaling parameters are so adjusted, constraints and validation on the turbulent stellar medium can only come from seismic observations of other stars.
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
The grid of mesh points of the simulated domain is adjusted so that the w maxima of the 3D simulation and the GMLT coincide at the same layer.
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
In the GMLT formulation, the quantity Φ is a parameter which is adjusted in order to obtain the best fit between computed solar damping rates and the solar measurements: the adopted value is Φ = 1.37 (see Houdek et al. 2001).
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
This shows that the values of Φ found for the solar GMLT model when adjusted to the damping rates is not compatible with the actual properties of the turbulent medium in the excitation region.
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
Without any adjustment of scaling parameters but using all the constraints inferred from the 3D simulation considered here, we find a maximum of P much larger (∼ 5 times larger) than the P maximum obtained using a 1D GMLT solar model when Φ is fixed by the observed damping rates.
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
Adjustments of these scaling parameters led to a better agreement between computed values of P and the seismic observations when using the NKS than the EKS.
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
In to that inferred from the simulation (kE contrast, whatever the adjustment, the EKS reproduces neither the frequency dependence of P at high frequency 0 ≃ 3.6 Mm−1 .
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
The first, and less likely, is that our choice of input parameters requires adjustment.
Trapped Protostellar Winds and their Breakout
We refer to S as the set of closed or swappable edges, meaning that there is enough total energy on the edge to make it possible to swap the values of φ1 and φ2 at one endpoint of the edge and not the other while (after adjusting r) preserving the total energy on that edge.
Random Surfaces
This value has been chosen after Pederiva et al. who, in turn, adjusted it to the experiments by Tarucha et al..
Symmetry breaking and the random-phase approximation in small quantum dots
The solution at the center of trap is plotted in Figure 1; it shows very good agreement with the experimental observations, without any adjustable parameter.
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
Notably, the classical random matrix theories have no adjustable parameters.
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
If l is a number randomly taken from a Gaussian distribution centred at 1 with an adjustable standard deviation σpp , we shift the phase of each field mode in Fig. 1(b) by an amount equal to 2π |l|.
Simulation of quantum random walks using interference of classical field
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