adhesion

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n adhesion faithful support for a cause or political party or religion "attachment to a formal agenda","adherence to a fat-free diet","the adhesion of Seville was decisive"
    • n adhesion the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition "the mutual adhesiveness of cells","a heated hydraulic press was required for adhesion"
    • n adhesion a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures
    • n adhesion abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Doctors in Canada use an adhesive similar to Krazy Glue instead of stitches, lowering the possibility of bacterial infection and minimizing scarring
    • Adhesion Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, adhesion to error, to a policy. "His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their foreign policy."
    • Adhesion Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent. "To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion ."
    • Adhesion The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as, the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like.
    • Adhesion (Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion.
    • Adhesion (Bot) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant.
    • Adhesion (Med) Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On February 10, 1964 the first self-adhesive stamps were issued
    • n adhesion The act or state of adhering, or of being united and attached; close connection or association: as, the adhesion of parts united by growth, cement, etc.; inflammatory adhesion of surfaces in disease.
    • n adhesion Steady attachment of the mind or feelings; firmness in opinion; adherence: as, an adhesion to vice.
    • n adhesion Assent; concurrence.
    • n adhesion That which adheres; accretion.
    • n adhesion In physical, molecular attraction exerted between the surfaces of bodies in contact, as between two solids, a solid and a liquid, or a solid and a gas. See extract, and cohesion.
    • n adhesion In botany, the union of parts normally separate. In pathology, especially in the plural, the adventitious bands or fibers by which inflamed parts have adhered, or are held together. In surgery, the reunion of divided parts by a particular kind of inflammation, called the adhesive. In mech., often used as synonymous with friction (which see).
    • n adhesion An expression of, or the act by which one expresses, acquiescence in, adherence to, and support of some statement, declaration, or proposal; assent; concurrence.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Johnson & Johnson created the Band-Aid in 1899 because Robert Wood Johnson attended a lecture concerning the prevention of infection in wounds during surgical operations. The company created the zinc oxide adhesive bandage for surgeons, and launched the consumer version, Band-Aids, in 1921.
    • n Adhesion ad-hē′zhun the act of adhering or sticking to: steady attachment:
    • n Adhesion ad-hē′zhun (path.) a vital union between two surfaces of a living body which have been either naturally or artificially separated
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Quotations

  • Thomas C. Haliburton
    Thomas C. Haliburton
    “Nicknames stick to people, and the most ridiculous are the most adhesive.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere,: cf. F. adhésion,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
See Adhere.

Usage

In literature:

The way in which lime counteracts this adhesive property is by causing a coagulation of the fine soil-particles.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Finland he had gained, but at the price of adhesion to a commercial system which was gradually ruining his people.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
Then orbits narrowed; adhesion and cohesion followed collision; the bi-maternal pressure never lessened.
"Athalie" by Robert W. Chambers
Still Dubois was wrong on one point, namely, the adhesion of the Cardinal de Noailles.
"The Conspirators" by Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
The bottoms of Illinois, where not inundated, are equal in fertility, and the soil is less adhesive than most parts of the American bottom.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
With the adhesion of New York all serious anxiety came to an end.
"The Critical Period of American History" by John Fiske
It now became his object to secure the adhesion of the powers to this instrument.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
Adhesive plaster on the loins.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
Either of these methods of fixation coagulates the albuminous material and ensures perfect adhesion of the film to the cover-slip.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
ADHESIVENESS (3d) is located by Spurzheim farther back and lower than it should be; also, too far back in Gall's map.
"Buchanan's Journal of Man, October 1887" by Various
Adhesiveness, Co. Combativeness, Ar.
"Buchanan's Journal of Man, December 1887" by Various
There is your organ of adhesion and locomotion.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
Note manner of sticking one end of wide adhesive plaster along backbone; also assistant carrying strip around injured side.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
She early succeeded by various arts in obtaining the adhesion of Russia.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Upon the establishment of the Empire he gave his adhesion to Napoleon.
"Louis Philippe" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
The distant colonies of the crown of Castile, in America and the Indies, sent in their adhesion.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Vol 58, No. 357, July 1845" by Various
The patient is anaesthetised, and all adhesions broken down by free yet gentle movement of the limb.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
May, Samuel E. Sewall, and A. Bronson Alcott, who then gave in their adhesion to the cause.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 6 of 8" by Various
Fasten the bandage with a strip of adhesive plaster or safety pin.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
There are also in many cases adhesions to a greater or less extent between the heart and pericardium.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
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In poetry:

Now he would lodge right nobly
And sleep serene, secure,
All in a chamber filled with
Adhesive furniture.
"A Vision Splendid" by Victor James Daley
Then tranced by far Fiesole
Softly I sought to steal away;
But his adhesiveness was grim,
I could not pry apart from him:
And so in our hotel-ward walk
Meekly I listened to his talk.
"Florentine Pilgrim" by Robert W Service
OF obedience, faith, adhesiveness;
As I stand aloof and look, there is to me something profoundly
affecting in large masses of men, following the lead of those
who do not believe in men.
"Thought" by Walt Whitman

In news:

An integrated capacitance sensor detects low adhesive levels and transmits a signal to a suction lance.
The new ProBlue Fulfill integrated melter and adhesive feed system from Nordson Corp.
Automatically maintains desired adhesive levels in the melter tank to increase uptime, reduce clogged adhesive nozzles, and deliver consistent bonding.
Melter /Adhesive Feed System.
Nordson's ProBlue Fulfill integrated melter and adhesive feed system combines the adhesive melter and automated fill apparatus as a single, integrated system.
PROSOCO Lawrence, Kan. PROSOCO R-GUARD FastFlash liquid-applied flashing membrane is a "gun-grade" adhesive and detailing compound for waterproofing rough openings in structural walls.
STICK-TO-IT-IVENESS Clockwise from top left, the sandcastle worm builds its home by using tentacles to grab sand and shell bits and glues them with adhesive from an organ on its head.
Permabond 915 is an instant adhesive formulated with a reduced set time to allow larger gap filling of assemblies.
Using a strong adhesive, they can be applied to food items where there is a high-risk of bacteria such as seafood, poultry, meat and dairy.
ADHESIVE BONDS TO MANY MATERIALS Green-Lock multipurpose structural adhesive from The Garland Co. Inc is a 100 percent solids, VOC-free, odorless, single-component adhesive.
It is well known that natural rubber latex adhesives, extracted from the rubber tree of Hevea Brasiliensis, contain antigenic proteins that may cause adverse immune responses in some individuals, such as latex allergy.
Natural Rubber Latex Adhesive Issues.
It then promotes neuronal adhesion to fibronectin to control proper neuronal alignment.
Nitrile -phenolic film adhesives are a compelling alternative to liquid adhesives for demanding applications.
MACtac PUREtac CL216 is reportedly the only optically clear adhesive specifically designed to stay on packaging and labeling applications for health, beauty, food, beverage, and household cleaner products.
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In science:

With the chamber vacuum near 7.5 × 10−7 Torr when the Ti evaporation begins, much of the Ti adhesion layer is actually TiOx by the time the Ag or Au is deposited over it.
Strong magnetic scattering from TiO$_{x}$ adhesion layers
In summary, measurements of quantum corrections to the conduction in Au and Ag nanowires prepared with adhesion layers confirm strong magnetic effects in nonstoichiometric TiOx .
Strong magnetic scattering from TiO$_{x}$ adhesion layers
TABLE I: Au and Ag samples prepared with a Ti adhesion layer deposited at different rates.
Strong magnetic scattering from TiO$_{x}$ adhesion layers
This is true not only for the linear dashpot model, Eq. (3), but more generally for all non-adhesive collision models, see [10, 11], and is due to the fact that the interaction force is a bulk material property.
Coefficient of tangential restitution for the linear dashpot model
We study the adhesive contact between elastic solids with randomly rough, self affine fractal surfaces.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
We apply the theory to the system studied by Benz et al. involving polymer in contact with polymer, but in this case the adhesion gives only a small modification of the interfacial separation as a function of the squeezing pressure.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
When we bring two surfaces together, attractive (and repulsive) forces act between them, and a non-zero force is often required to separate two solid bodies placed in intimate contact[2, 3], a phenomenon referred to as adhesion.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
Thus adhesion on one hand makes it possible for a Gecko to walk on the ceilings or run on a vertical wall[4, 5].
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
On the other hand, adhesion can lead to the failure of micro or nano devices, e.g. micro-sized cantilever beams.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
The study of the interfacial separation is essential for describing, e.g., sealing , capillary adhesion or optical interference.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
In this letter, we study the relation between the average interfacial separation and the squeezing pressure when adhesion is included.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
We find good agreement with the theory, which represents the first test of the theory when the adhesive interaction is included in the analysis.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
Now, let us discuss how to define contact on the atomic scale when adhesion is included.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
In the absence of adhesion we have found that the interfacial stress distribution gives the most accurate way of deducing the area of real contact.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
They studied the interfacial separation as a function of the squeezing pressure, and found an absolute (average) slope bigger than the one obtained from Finite Element calculations for non-adhesive contact between the interfacial separation and the log-scale pressure.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
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