addition

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n addition the act of adding one thing to another "the addition of flowers created a pleasing effect","the addition of a leap day every four years"
    • n addition the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers "the summation of four and three gives seven","four plus three equals seven"
    • n addition a component that is added to something to improve it "the addition of a bathroom was a major improvement","the addition of cinnamon improved the flavor"
    • n addition a suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area
    • n addition something added to what you already have "the librarian shelved the new accessions","he was a new addition to the staff"
    • n addition a quantity that is added "there was an addition to property taxes this year","they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Female chickens, or hens, need about 24 to 26 hours to produce one egg. Thirty minutes later they start the process all over again. In addition to the half-hour rests, some hens rest every three to five days and others rest every 10 days.
    • Addition (Mus) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its sound is to be lengthened one half.
    • Addition (Law) A title annexed to a man's name, to identify him more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq .; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title.
    • Addition Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition to a building.
    • Addition (Her) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; -- opposed to abatement.
    • Addition (Math) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers.
    • Addition The act of adding two or more things together; -- opposed to subtraction or diminution. "This endless addition or addibility of numbers."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In the Holocaust between 5.1 and 6 million of Europe's 10 million Jews were killed. An additional 6 million 'unwanted' people were also executed, including more than half of Poland's educated populace.
    • n addition The act or process of adding or uniting, especially so that the parts remain independent of one another: opposed to subtraction or diminution: as, a sum is increased by addition; to increase a heap by the addition of more. Specifically, in arithmetic, the uniting of two or more numbers in one sum; also, that branch of arithmetic which treats of such combinations. Simple addition is the adding of numbers, irrespective of the things denoted by them, or the adding of sums of the same denomination, as pounds to pounds, ounces to ounces, etc. Compound addition is the adding of sums of different denominations, as pounds, shillings, and pence to pounds, shillings, and pence, like being added to like. The addition of all kinds of multiple quantity is performed according to the principle of compound addition; thus, the addition of two imaginary quantities is effected by adding the real parts together to get the new real part, and the imaginary parts to get the new imaginary part. Logical addition is a mode of combination of terms, propositions, or arguments, resulting in a compound (the sum), true if any of the elements are true, and false only if all are false.
    • n addition The result of adding; anything added, whether material or immaterial.
    • n addition Specifically— In law, a title or designation annexed to a man's name to show his rank, occupation, or place of residence: as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of Boston, Hence—
    • n addition An epithet or any added designation or description: a use frequent in Shakspere, but now obsolete.
    • n addition In music, a dot at the side of a note indicating that its sound is to be lengthened one half.
    • n addition In heraldry, same as augmentation.
    • n addition In distilling, anything added to the wash or liquor when in a state of fermentation.
    • n addition Superaddition, appendage, adjunct, increase, increment, extension, enlargement, augmentation.
    • addition To furnish with an addition, or a designation additional to one's name.
    • addition To combine; add together.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Milk as an additive to coffee became popular in the 1680's, when a French physician recommended that cafe au lait be used for medicinal purposes.
    • Addition the act of adding: the thing added: the rule in arithmetic for adding numbers together: title, honour
    • ***

Quotations

  • Daniel J. Boorstin
    Daniel%20J.%20Boorstin
    “The most important American addition to the World Experience was the simple surprising fact of America. We have helped prepare mankind for all its later surprises.”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Dog. A kind of additional or subsidiary Deity designed to catch the overflow and surplus of the world's worship.”
  • Nordstrom Employee Manual
    Nordstrom Employee Manual
    “Rule # 1 -- Use your good judgment in all situations. There will be no additional rules.”
  • Horace Mann
    Horace%20Mann
    “Every addition to true knowledge is an addition to human power.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Nordstrom's Rules for Employees: Rule # 1: Use your good judgment in all situations There are no additional rules”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. addition, L. additio, fr. addere, to add
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.—addëread, to, dãre, to put.

Usage

In literature:

Each step of indirect addressing also requires an additional 5 microseconds.
"Preliminary Specifications: Programmed Data Processor Model Three (PDP-3)" by Digital Equipment Corporation
In addition to this heavy gun for small craft they carried about 1200 lb.
"Submarine Warfare of To-day" by Charles W. Domville-Fife
If one cell requires a more frequent addition of water than the others, it is probable that the jar of that cell is cracked.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
The booth, hung with black velvet, was additionally supplied with hierograms in burnished steel.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
In addition to the speakers already mentioned Wm.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
In addition to these precepts of the barriers, Fouchette was afraid.
"Mlle. Fouchette" by Charles Theodore Murray
As additional precautions, no cow with a retained afterbirth or unhealthy discharge from the womb should be left with the other cows.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
In addition to this, the extreme feebleness of the sense would be remarkable.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
Outlines of two additional examples of these objects are given in Figs.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
Horses fed thus will fatten, needing only the addition of a little ground grain, when working hard.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
Every day additional regiments are coming.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Another minute brought another addition.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
The series included all of the best known varieties with the addition of several new ones.
"Solaris Farm" by Milan C. Edson
He daily hoped to hear of additional sales, but none occurred.
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser
The apse of the church, circular in the interior, is squared off on the outside by the addition of chapels.
"The Cathedrals of Northern Spain" by Charles Rudy
The lack of easily defended national boundaries was an additional concern in the maintenance of territorial integrity.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
It is produced by the addition of some previously fermented milk.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
The treatment of the Sabines was clearly violent in addition to being mythical.
"Historia Amoris: A History of Love, Ancient and Modern" by Edgar Saltus
In addition, the quality and selection of many goods do not meet the desired levels.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
An additional charge of 1d.
"The Development of Rates of Postage" by A. D. Smith
***

In poetry:

Is the creature too imperfect,
Would you mend it
And so end it?
Since not all addition perfects aye!
"A Pretty Woman" by Robert Browning
In fairy tales and ballad lore
The little maid had wondrous pleasure;
The tiny volume in her hand,
The last addition to her treasure.
"Pictures of Memory" by Janet Hamilton
Our hearts are doubled by the loss,
Here Mixture is Addition grown;
We both diffuse, and both ingross:
And we whose minds are so much one,
Never, yet ever are alone.
"Friendships Mystery, To My Dearest Lucasia" by Katherine Philips
So awkward, too! With the additional offence
Of being now a sort of dazed idyllic bard
That poses in a window, contemplating thence
The silly noon-day sky with an impressed regard.
"What Sayest Thou, Traveller" by Paul Verlaine
To make such a bridge
Foresight and cunning
The development of additional organs In peace
The building of new brains
Lobe by lobe
In the wide spaces and the free pathways of the wind
"To Make A Bridge" by Charles Madge
"Friends, Romans, and countrymen, lend me your ears!"
(They were all of them fond of quotations:
So they drank to his health, and they gave him three cheers,
While he served out additional rations).
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll

In news:

How to navigate additional hotel fees.
With the latest additions, the micro-blogging service is now available in a total of 33 different languages.
In addition, he teaches at Baldwin-Wallace Conservatory and plays tennis.
Additionally, Richard Howard was this year's co-recipient of the French-American Foundation & Florence Gould Foundation Translation Award for When the World Spoke French by Marc Fumaroli.
Lauren Boyle, Sophia Batchelor Clinch Additional Worlds Qualifying Times.
Cuts made to the overall price of the building would require additional money to maintain the bath house in the future.
Maax releases three additions to its luxury line T he bathroom products company recently revamped its style to cater to the sophisticated elite.
Clarinetist Alvin Batiste , whose life as a music educator has taken precedence over his recording career, is heard on one of his rare trips to the studio in this latest addition to the Marsalis Music Honors series.
Bavarian Goodness continues to build a stronghold along the East Coast as Ehrmann USA, LLC announced additional retail distribution of its All Natural Bavarian Lowfat Yogurt to more than 220 ShopRite Supermarket stores.
STIC allows polishing to be carried out without an interstitial dilution step, which reduces process time and avoids additional buffer preparation and hold steps.
The Atlanta Braves' biggest offseason addition is finally coming up with big hits.
The Northwest Missouri State men's basketball team announced the addition of Brett Dougherty for the 2013-14 season Thursday at the early signing period.
Renovated and additions added in 2006.
In addition, Mr Imirie and his sons thrilled Montgomery County Fair visitors and schoolchildren with demonstrations with a live hive of honeybees.
Coach finds a couple missing ingredients in additions from the school's golf team More.
***

In science:

If P = 1 then t = α0 Q βi is the additional irregular value that our earlier discussion predicts, and if q = 1 then t = α0 is the additional irregular value.
Rational polynomials of simple type
Octonionic addition is performed in the normal way by component-wise addition, i.e. (q , r) + (s, t) = (q + s, r + t).
Bicomplex algebra and function theory
The additivity law (11) in non-commutative probability theory of random matrices forms an analog of the additivity law for the logarithms of the characteristic functions in case of classical probability theory.
Free Random Levy Variables and Financial Probabilities
The 4-simplex amplitude I10 corresponds to introducing four additional Kρ in the multiple integral (8) together with an additional integration corresponding to the four new edges and the additional vertex respectively.
A finiteness proof for the Lorentzian state sum spinfoam model for quantum general relativity
For those dynamical models which possess additional symmetries, such as Ashtekar’s formulation of general relativity, one of these additional gauge transformations must be added to the diffeomorphism-induced transformations to achieve pro jectability.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
If gauge symmetries exist beyond those induced by diffeomorphisms one obtains additional pro jectability conditions. I will call these additional symmetries “internal symmetries”.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
Compared with the Einstein gravity in we have two additional parameters ǫ3 and ǫ4 for the scalar-type perturbation which reflect the effects of additional parameters F and ω in our generalized gravity; for the tensortype perturbation we have one additional parameter ǫ3 from F .
Inflationary spectra in generalized gravity: Unified forms
The effects of generalized gravity appear in two additional parameters F and ω which are reflected in the two additional slow-roll parameters ǫ3 and ǫ4 .
Inflationary spectra in generalized gravity: Unified forms
The above addition is the “natural addition” of morphisms ( +Y ◦ (f ⊗ g ) ◦ ∆X ).
The nonabelian bar resolution
Any local Gaussian completely positive map can be conceived as a composition of a local joint symplectic transformation on both the system and additional oscillators which have been prepared in a Gaussian state and a partial trace operation with respect to the additional oscillators.
Conditions for the local manipulation of Gaussian states
If ω1 is carefully chosen, there exists µ and M ∈ GL3 (Z) such that ω = µM ω , and then one can define a similar renormalization with the exception that now there is an additional degree of freedom corresponding to the additional frequency ω1 .
Renormalization for cubic frequency invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom
The addition functor (B ⋊ D) ×B (B ⋊ D) → B ⋊ D is given by addition in the groups Db and similarly for inverses.
Linear extensions and nilpotence for Maltsev theories
Define the ring structure on it by taking zero 0 to be the first pro jection, unit 1 the second pro jection, addition to be r + s = m(r, 0, s), additive inverse −r = m(0, r, 0), and multiplication (rs)(a, b) = r(a, s(a, b)).
Linear extensions and nilpotence for Maltsev theories
The figure indicates it is difficult to localize the additional energy content of the geometry, which implies the additional energy is “frozen” into the geometry.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
Additionally, it is not clear how this additional energy would effect an evolution of the geometry via the dynamical Einstein equations.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
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