acetone

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n acetone the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Acetone (Chem) A volatile liquid consisting of three parts of carbon, six of hydrogen, and one of oxygen; pyroacetic spirit, -- obtained by the distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with quicklime.☞ The term in also applied to a number of bodies of similar constitution, more frequently called ketones. See Ketone.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n acetone A limpid mobile liquid, (CH3)2CO, with an agreeable odor and burning taste, produced by the destructive distillation of acetates. It is procured on a large scale from the aqueous liquid obtained in the dry distillation of wood.
    • n acetone The general name of a class of compounds which may be regarded as consisting of two alcoholic radicals united by the group CO, or as aldehydes in which hydrogen of the group COH has been replaced by an alcoholic radical.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Acetic

Usage

In literature:

To take out dirt or oily patches, try acetone.
"The Aeroplane Speaks" by H. Barber
In that tank is a porous asbestos packing saturated with acetone, under pressure.
"The Silent Bullet" by Arthur B. Reeve
ACETONE, a highly inflammable liquid obtained generally by the dry distillation of acetates.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Acetone would admit of a similar explanation.
"Scientific American Supplement No. 822" by Various
The acetate of lime gives acetic acid and acetone.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
Next, wipe the fingertip with alcohol, benzine or acetone, waiting a few seconds for it to dry.
"The Science of Fingerprints" by Federal Bureau of Investigation
It is made of guncotton and nitroglycerine and acetone is one of the chemicals required in its manufacture.
"Kelly Miller's History of the World War for Human Rights" by Kelly Miller
It is prepared by treating a mixture of citral and acetone with barium hydrate, and distilling in vacuo.
"The Handbook of Soap Manufacture" by W. H. Simmons
To take out dirt or oily patches, try acetone.
"The Aeroplane Speaks" by H. Barber
Equal parts of acetone, ammonia and diluted alcohol.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
The nitrobenzoate is insoluble in ether alcohol, but is soluble in acetone, acetic acid, and nitrobenzene.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
A Jew of 49, at entrance had 175 grams of sugar (5.5%), acetone slight, diacetic acid absent.
"The Starvation Treatment of Diabetes" by Lewis Webb Hill
The presence of acetone is indicated by a purple color.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
Cover with acetone, let stand a few moments and then filter on a Buechner funnel.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
The solvent for the cooled mass is acetone containing 2 per cent.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
It smelled like solvent, acetone, with a mingling of more pungent fumes.
"Syndrome" by Thomas Hoover
What comes over in the form of vapour is a mixture of water, acetone and wood spirit.
"The Romance of War Inventions" by Thomas W. Corbin
He studied chemistry at Gottingen, graduating as Ph.D. with a dissertation on acetone in 1858.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 4" by Various
It is also steeped in a preparation of acetone.
"The Romance of Industry and Invention"
On heating with dilute sulphuric acid it yields acetone, but with the concentrated acid it gives mesitylene, C9H12.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
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In news:

China acetone supply to rise through to 2015.
Bath salts, large quantities of acetone among several items confiscated from Bad Axe residence.
New Test Method for Determination of Butanol and Acetone Content of Butanol for Blending with Gasoline by Gas Chromatography.
The atmosphere we are using is nitrogen/(methanol and acetone).
Quebec factory that exploded had been cited for storing excess acetone.
Spray-on tan liquid contains the chemical dihydroxy-acetone, or DHA.
How to read the Hun's letter without noticeably opening it: mix copper acetyl arsenic with three ounces acetone.
They then scuffed the bed with an oscillating sander and wiped it down with acetone to prep the Bullet Liner for adhesion.
The atmosphere we are using is nitrogen/( methanol and acetone).
According to some major manufacturers of instant glue, the best way to remove it is with a little acetone, like you find in plain nail-polish remover .
Advanced Revival combines an acetone-based formula with natural botanical nourishing oils for stronger, healthier nails, the company said.
Personal experiments in the past with the non-acetone formula on the shelves of drugstores proved to be a maddening, slow experience (I'm impatient and demanding.
), but these freshly developed removers seem to have finally caught up to the speediness and convenience of acetone-based ones.
The catalysts work by binding ethanol and butanol and converting them to aldehydes, which react with acetone to add more carbon atoms, producing longer hydrocarbons.
US November barge acetone fully settles 9.3% higher.
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In science:

By carefully cleaning the surface with acetone and deionized water, we can restore the performance that we had before dicing.
Characterization of Prototype BTeV Silicon Pixel Sensors Before and After Irradiation
The sample was left in acetone until the Cr/Au layer was lifted leaving only the contacts on the semiconductors surface as shown in Figure 1.
Detecting the full polarisation state of terahertz transients
Shifts in spectrums have also been observed on complete infiltration of the voids in chiral STFs by acetone, methyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, and hexamethyldisilizane .
Thin-Film Metamaterials called Sculptured Thin Films
The 13C-1H coupling in the liquid crystal (ZLI-1167) is eight times larger than the scalar coupling in acetone-d6 , corresponding to a computer with a clock that is eight times faster.
Experimental Quantum Computation with Nuclear Spins in Liquid Solution
HITRAN also includes a number of high resolution infrared absorption cross sections for organic molecules such as ethane and acetone, but the broadening gas in HITRAN is air rather than H2 , N2 , or CO2 .
Division Xii/commission 14/WORKING Group on Molecular Data
The resonator cavity was filled with chilled (0oC) and well-degassed deuterated acetone (acetoneD6).
Cavitation-Induced Fusion: Proof of Concept
UCLA and was unsuccessful (Camara, Hopkins, Suslick, & Putterman, 2007), in part because the replicating team failed to fill the resonator with acetone all the way to the top reflector and injected incondensable gas in their system (Lahey, 2011, private communication).
Cavitation-Induced Fusion: Proof of Concept
C. e. (98). Upper Bound for Neutron Emission from Sonoluminescing Bubble in Deuterated Acetone.
Cavitation-Induced Fusion: Proof of Concept
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