• WordNet 3.6
    • n abstemiousness moderation in eating and drinking
    • n abstemiousness restricted to bare necessities
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There are at least two words in the English language that use all of the vowels, in the correct order, and end in the letter Y: abstemiously & facetiously.
    • n Abstemiousness The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There are two words in the English language that have all five vowels in order: "abstemious" and "facetious."
    • n abstemiousness The quality or habit of being temperate, especially in the use of food and drink. Synonyms Abstemiousness, Abstinence, Temperance, Sobriety, soberness, moderation, temperateness. (See sobriety.) The italicized words denote voluntary abstention from objects of desire, most commonly abstention from food or drink, regarded either as an act or as an element in character. Abstemiousness, by derivation and earlier use, suggests abstinence from wine; but it has lost this special sense, and now generally signifies habitual moderation in the gratification of the appetites and desires; abstinence is simply the refraining from gratification, and may be applied to a single act. They both suggest self-denial, while temperance and sobriety suggest wisdom, balance of mind, and propriety. Temperance suggests self-control, the measure of abstention being proportioned to the individual's idea of what is best in that respect. Hence, abstinence and temperance often stand in popular use for total abstinence from intoxicating drink.
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In literature:

An abstemious diet ought to be strictly observed.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
If a principle could ever be concrete, Raikes was the embodiment of the grasping and the uselessly abstemious.
"The Flaw in the Sapphire" by Charles M. Snyder
Though as a rule conspicuously abstemious, he had drunk rather freely to-night, and that with an odd haste of thirst.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
His abstemiousness caused them uneasiness, even alarm.
"The Boy Slaves" by Mayne Reid
If one exercises thus freely and eats abstemiously he ought not to lay on fat.
"The Biology, Physiology and Sociology of Reproduction" by Winfield S. Hall
He was very abstemious, and never indulged to excess in eating or drinking.
"Washington and the American Republic, Vol. 3." by Benson J. Lossing
As a rule, he was abstemious, but the hall was very hot.
"Brandon of the Engineers" by Harold Bindloss
The troubles of Abbot Samson, as he went along in this abstemious, reticent, rigorous way, were more than tongue can tell.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
Yet, in a general way, there was no man more abstemious than Roderick Vawdrey.
"Vixen, Volume I." by M. E. Braddon
At the same time, he believed it would make him more healthy to be abstemious.
"The Printer Boy." by William M. Thayer

In news:

Emily Dickinson's Banquet of Abstemiousness .
Any reader of Bellow 's biography knows that he was not an abstemious man.