ablaut

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ablaut a vowel whose quality or length is changed to indicate linguistic distinctions (such as sing sang sung song)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ablaut (Philol) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get gat got; sing song; hang hung.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ablaut In philology, a substitution of one vowel for another in the body of the root of a word, accompanying a modification of use or meaning: as, bind, band, bound, bond, German bund; more especially, the change of a vowel to indicate tense-change in strong verbs, instead of the addition of a syllable (-ed), as in weak verbs: as, get, gat, got; sink, sank, sunk.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ablaut ab′lowt (philol.) vowel permutation, a substitution of one root vowel for another in derivation, as in sing, sang, song, sung, distinct from the phonetic influence of a succeeding vowel, as in the Umlaut. It is especially the change of a vowel to indicate tense-change in strong verbs.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Ger., off-sound; ab, off + laut, sound
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ger., from ab, off, and laut, sound.

Usage

In literature:

The vowels vary within certain series of related vowels, called ablaut-series.
"A Middle High German Primer" by Joseph Wright
The name +Hera+ seems probably to be an 'ablaut' form of +hora+: cf.
"Five Stages of Greek Religion" by Gilbert Murray
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