ablative

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj ablative tending to ablate; i.e. to be removed or vaporized at very high temperature "ablative material on a rocket cone"
    • adj ablative relating to the ablative case
    • n ablative the case indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument or manner or place of the action described by the verb
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Ablative (Gram) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal separation, or taking away.
    • Ablative Taking away or removing. "Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth."
    • Ablative (Gram) The ablative case.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • ablative Taking or tending to take away; tending to remove; pertaining to ablation.
    • ablative In grammar, noting removal or separation: applied to a case which forms part of the original declension of nouns and pronouns in the languages of the Indo-European family, and has been retained by some of them, as Latin, Sanskrit, and Zend, while in some it is lost, or merged in another case, as in the genitive in Greek. It is primarily the from-case.
    • ablative Pertaining to or of the nature of the ablative case: as, an ablative construction.
    • n ablative In grammar, short for ablative case. See ablative, adjective, 2. Often abbreviated to abl.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Ablative ab′lat-iv used as a noun. The name applied to one of the cases in the declension of nouns and pronouns in the Indo-European languages, retained as in Latin and Sanskrit, or merged in another case, as in the genitive in Greek. Its meaning was to express direction from or time when
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus, fr. ablatus,. See Ablation
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. ablativusab, from, ferre, latum, to take; as if it indicated taking away, or privation.

Usage

In literature:

Question: Which is the most "beastly plague," a cattle-plague case for a farmer, or the ablative case for a school-boy?
"Reminiscences of Tolstoy" by Ilya Tolstoy
I here have become a grammarian, I who never learned any language but by rote, and who do not yet know adjective, conjunction, or ablative.
"The Essays of Montaigne, Complete" by Michel de Montaigne
Besides being a beacon for sledging parties, it was used for ablation measurements.
"The Home of the Blizzard" by Douglas Mawson
I believe they also agreed on the ablative absolute.
"Average Jones" by Samuel Hopkins Adams
Certain prepositions were used with the accusative to indicate one relation, and with the ablative to suggest another.
"The Common People of Ancient Rome" by Frank Frost Abbott
Note ablation pits in the snow.
"The Worst Journey in the World, Volumes 1 and 2" by Apsley Cherry-Garrard
For the ablative cf.
"Cato Maior de Senectute" by Marcus Tullius Cicero
The uses of the Latin Ablative accordingly fall into Genuine Ablative uses, Instrumental uses, and Locative uses.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
And he hurt me with a stone; it is the ablative case.
"Of the Orthographie and Congruitie of the Britan Tongue" by Alexander Hume
Both the ablative case, I believe, but what a difference?
"Berry And Co." by Dornford Yates
This is clearly an ablative relation, and the construction is called the /ablative of the measure of difference\.
"Latin for Beginners" by Benjamin Leonard D'Ooge
The only people I really mixed with were those whose lives were dedicated to the ablative.
"Little Journeys To The Homes Of Great Teachers" by Elbert Hubbard
To, by, for; sign of dative and ablative.
"The Maya Chronicles" by Various
Paul, who had been wool-gathering, went back to nominative, dative, and ablative.
"Despair's Last Journey" by David Christie Murray
The Chinese make their eunuchs by a complete ablation of all genitals.
"History of Circumcision from the Earliest Times to the Present" by Peter Charles Remondino
Excessive connective-tissue growth, exceptionally met with, is to be treated by ablation with the scissors or knife.
"Essentials of Diseases of the Skin" by Henry Weightman Stelwagon
The ablative case in the Latin language, as Domino, suggests a secondary idea of something being deducted from or by the primary one.
"The Temple of Nature; or, the Origin of Society" by Erasmus Darwin
In Latin the ablative is the case that is used absolutely.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
Third, the ablative form of a noun signifying a portion of the body.
"Harper's Young People, September 14, 1880" by Various
Why ablative of time?
"Miss Primrose" by Roy Rolfe Gilson
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In news:

First Report of Percutaneous Mitral Valve Prolapse Repair Using Catheter-Based Intracardiac Ablation Explained in JIC.
Mount Sinai First In Nation to Ablate Atrial Fibrillation Using New Visually-Guided Balloon Catheter.
Schenectady man first patient of new hybrid ablation procedure.
Study Shows Importance of Confirming Conduction Block Intra- Operatively in AF Ablation.
Webinar Reviews the Role of 3D ICE, Mapping in Ablation of Ventricular Outflow Tract Tachycardia.
Percutaneous Renal Nerve Ablation Reduces Hypertenstion.
General Manager Alessandro Baldi says the new distributors will market Protea 's sample preparation and mass spectrometry products, including the Laser Ablation Electrospray Ionization device, or LAESI.
Endosense Announces CE Mark, First Use of the Tacticath Quartz Force-Sensing Ablation Catheter.
Bojrab will be discussing the process and benefits of a Radiofrequency Ablation.
Radiofrequency ablation of hepatic tumors.
Of the minimally invasive treatments available, radiofrequency (RF) ablation is fast becoming an important alternative treatment modality.
Mastergraphics is known in the flexographic industry for its pre-press capabilities, services and digital ITR laser ablation of plates and sleeves.
Duplex ultrasound has provided a greater understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology of superficial venous insufficiency and has aided in the development of image-guided endovenous ablative therapy.
Impact The type of procedure he'll undergo is a catheter ablation.
Laparoscopic uterine nerve ablation (LUNA) may be an option for women who endure severe pelvic pain during menstruation but do not have endometriosis.
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In science:

Waals forces , the relevance of which is demonstrated by the mechanism of action of the general anesthetic gases that reversibly ablate consciousness.
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility
One classic example is that of ram pressure stripping (or ram pressure ablation: Gunn & Gott 1972).
At the Vigintennial of the Butcher-Oemler Effect
The explosions we see resemble strong anisotropic winds. A spherical wind imparts no net momentum to the residue; an asymmetric wind imparts a kick and “ablation” force on the accretion streams and core.
Multi-Dimensional Explorations in Supernova Theory
Material is continuously ablated off the surface of the cloud by the fast-flowing surroundings, and a turbulent wake with prominent RT and KH instabilities forms.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
The transport/diffusion coefficients are considerably higher in this simulation, and this leads to a faster rate of ablation from the cloud, and ultimately its more rapid destruction.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
In each simulation the volume of the cloud core increases after the initial compression stage to a maximum value, then decreases as the core material is gradually ablated and mixed into the surrounding flow.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
However, interstellar clouds are compressible and are ablated in shockcloud interactions, so one would not necessarily expect the drag coefficient to be similar to the solid sphere case.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
Hence the simulations presented in this work are also relevant to scenarios where clouds are ablated by a wind.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
The rate of mass-loss from a cloud overrun by a Mach 10 shock due to hydrodynamic ablation is found to be broadly consistent with theoretical expectations, but shows large variations over the destruction period: the peak massloss rate is about 5 times higher than the time-independent value from a simplified theory.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
Thermal ablation of tumor cells with anti body-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
Thermal ablation of tumor cells with antibody-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
Stellar activity cycles, stellar winds, angular momentum loss, and ages, formation of young stars, irradiation and ablation of planetary atmospheres, and high-energy flaring would then be treatable as closely-linked and consistent processes.
Temporal Variability of Stars and Stellar Systems
As the MS clouds upstream experience gas ablation by the oncoming hot MW halo, the ablated gas is slowed down and further collides with the clouds downstream, resulting in shock ionization of HI clouds.
Galaxy evolution begins at home: GALFA, EVLA, and GASKAP
It also predicts large changes in the HI distribution on timescales of 100-200 Myrs caused by the ablation process.
Galaxy evolution begins at home: GALFA, EVLA, and GASKAP
This highlights the difference between observations and the simulation: simulated distributions appear highly turbulent due to fast ablation processes.
Galaxy evolution begins at home: GALFA, EVLA, and GASKAP
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