ablation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ablation surgical removal of a body part or tissue
    • n ablation the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Ablation A carrying or taking away; removal.
    • Ablation (Med) Extirpation.
    • Ablation (Geol) Wearing away; superficial waste.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ablation A carrying or taking away; removal; suppression.
    • n ablation In medicine, the taking from the body by mechanical means of anything hurtful, as a diseased limb, a tumor, a foreign body, pus, or excrement.
    • n ablation In chem., the removal of whatever is finished or no longer necessary.
    • n ablation In geology, the wearing away or waste of a glacier by melting or evaporation.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ablation ab-lā′shun the act of carrying away:
    • n Ablation ab-lā′shun (geol.) the wearing away of rock by the action of water
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. ablatio, fr. ablatus, p. p. of auferre, to carry away; ab, + latus, p. p. of ferre, carry: cf. F. ablation,. See Tolerate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. ab, from, latum, supine of ferre, to bear.

Usage

In literature:

Question: Which is the most "beastly plague," a cattle-plague case for a farmer, or the ablative case for a school-boy?
"Reminiscences of Tolstoy" by Ilya Tolstoy
I believe they also agreed on the ablative absolute.
"Average Jones" by Samuel Hopkins Adams
Certain prepositions were used with the accusative to indicate one relation, and with the ablative to suggest another.
"The Common People of Ancient Rome" by Frank Frost Abbott
Note ablation pits in the snow.
"The Worst Journey in the World, Volumes 1 and 2" by Apsley Cherry-Garrard
The first step towards this assurance is the ablation of the chronic Shaksperian comparison.
"Life of Robert Browning" by William Sharp
For the ablative cf.
"Cato Maior de Senectute" by Marcus Tullius Cicero
The uses of the Latin Ablative accordingly fall into Genuine Ablative uses, Instrumental uses, and Locative uses.
"New Latin Grammar" by Charles E. Bennett
And he hurt me with a stone; it is the ablative case.
"Of the Orthographie and Congruitie of the Britan Tongue" by Alexander Hume
Both the ablative case, I believe, but what a difference?
"Berry And Co." by Dornford Yates
This is clearly an ablative relation, and the construction is called the /ablative of the measure of difference\.
"Latin for Beginners" by Benjamin Leonard D'Ooge
The only people I really mixed with were those whose lives were dedicated to the ablative.
"Little Journeys To The Homes Of Great Teachers" by Elbert Hubbard
To, by, for; sign of dative and ablative.
"The Maya Chronicles" by Various
Paul, who had been wool-gathering, went back to nominative, dative, and ablative.
"Despair's Last Journey" by David Christie Murray
The secret had escaped too far, memories of it had been too long ablated to be rebeckoned by natural means.
"Historia Amoris: A History of Love, Ancient and Modern" by Edgar Saltus
This is often an ablative case, often a neuter accusative, often a dative, occasionally a genitive.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
Finding an ablative absolute, they are confident of finding some sort of proposition: and there it is, to their hand.
"Household Education" by Harriet Martineau
The origin of the ablative postpositions is obscure.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various
In Latin the locative has been confused with the genitive and the ablative, and the instrumental with the ablative.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 4" by Various
To-night I have a pressing engagement with the Ablative Absolute.
"Daddy Long-Legs" by Jean Webster
Why ablative of time?
"Miss Primrose" by Roy Rolfe Gilson
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In news:

MRI Guided Focal Laser Ablation for Prostate Cancer.
Bojrab will be discussing the process and benefits of a Radiofrequency Ablation .
Fine Tuning Cardiac Ablation Could Lead to Quicker Results for Patients with Arrhythmias.
Decades of experience in ablation technologies used to develop the industry's first multi-electrode technology for renal denervation.
Surface Texturing with Laser Ablation .
Essure micro-insert placement followed by NovaSure endometrial ablation .
Essure® and endometrial ablation : Clinical studies and case reviews of Essure with 118 NovaSure® procedures.
In cooperation with the Swiss Folex AG, Flint Group Flexographic Products has developed a laser ablative dry film.
Over the past 10 years, stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) has emerged as a viable treatment option for inoperable stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
First Patient Enrolled in Medtronic-Supported Head-to-Head Clinical Trial Comparing Cryoballoon Ablation to RF Ablation for Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.
Ablation treatment for atrial fibrillation .
First Patient Enrolled in Medtronic-Supported Head-to-Head Clinical Trial Comparing Cryoballoon Ablation to RF Ablation for Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation .
A new laser machining center laser ablates 3-D profiles in superhard cutting tools.
The Fractionated Ablation Face Off.
Essure micro-insert placement followed by NovaSure endometrial ablation.
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In science:

If cooling of the shocked material is slow, some ablation of the disk gas is possible.
Young Circumstellar Disks Near Evolved Massive Stars and Supernovae
For example, star formation in both the ρ Ophiuchus and Orion regions is now occurring in filamentary clouds whose appearance suggests that they are being compressed and ablated by outflows from the previous centers of star formation in the region.
Summary: Modes of Star Formation
In plasma polymerization, the overall mechanism of ‘Competitive Ablation and Polymerization’ proves to be a basic principle that describes reactions occurring in a plasma polymerization system.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
The most important concept here is that both polymerforming species and species that cause ablation (physical or chemical etching) of materials are created in the plasma of the original gas.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
The significance of this concept is fully established in perfluorocarbon plasmas, which represent the most extreme case of ablation competing with polymer formation.
Summary and Outlook of the International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors (DESY, Hamburg, October, 2001)
The laser drive end of the target consists of a 10 µm section of CH ablator to prevent direct illumination of the target and the associated pre-heating of the rest of the target.
On Validating an Astrophysical Simulation Code
The decelerating tail of material ablated from the bullet’s surface would be indistinguishable from a continuously emitted jet in current observations.
Two jets from the Orion (M42) `proplyds' - kinematics, morphologies and origins
They could be a consequence of bullets with ablated flows.
Two jets from the Orion (M42) `proplyds' - kinematics, morphologies and origins
Within this explanation the distinction between the GMR 15 elongated jet and LV 5 compact knot could simply be that the bullet causing the extended GMR 15 feature is ploughing through denser circumstellar gas causing more ablation.
Two jets from the Orion (M42) `proplyds' - kinematics, morphologies and origins
Within this bullet/ablated flow model,the maximum length of the trail is controlled by how far the bullet is able to travel into the ambient medium before being destroyed.
Two jets from the Orion (M42) `proplyds' - kinematics, morphologies and origins
There are two clear characteristics that should distinguish a bullet and ablated trail from its continous outflow competitor.
Two jets from the Orion (M42) `proplyds' - kinematics, morphologies and origins
Secondly, the ablated trail would exhibit deceleration along its length towards the YSO and, if spatially resolved in this direction, show as a linear change in radial velocity towards the YSO.
Two jets from the Orion (M42) `proplyds' - kinematics, morphologies and origins
We assume that the disc is geometrically thin (collisions will be treated within the impulsive approximation) and neglect all other dissipative effects, ablation of the orbiter, corrections due to general relativity, as well as self-gravity of the disc.
An orbiter crossing an accretion disc
The main feature of PLD is that the target material is ablated by a pulsed laser and then deposited onto the substrate.
Layer-by-layer growth for pulsed laser deposition
A P P L ICAT ION TO NGC 1 0 6 8 The amount of the ionized gas can be estimated from the balance between the free-free cooling and the ablation of dust in the torus.
Collisions among Clouds inside Dusty Torus in Active Galactic Nuclei: Observational Consequences
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