abduction

Definitions

  • Abduction
    Abduction
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n abduction (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
    • n abduction the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a family member; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime against the family relationship and against the wife
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Abduction (Logic) A syllogism or form of argument in which the major is evident, but the minor is only probable.
    • Abduction The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying away.
    • Abduction (Physiol) The movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.
    • Abduction (Law) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the abduction of an heiress.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n abduction The act of abducing or abducting. In law, the act of illegally leading away or carrying off a person; more especially, the taking or carrying away of a wife, a child, a ward, or a voter by fraud, persuasion, or open violence.
    • n abduction In logic, a syllogism of which the major premise is evident or known, while the minor, though not evident, is as credible as or more credible than the conclusion. The term is hardly used except in translations from the passage referred to.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Abduction the carrying away, esp. of a person by fraud or force
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Quotations

  • Harry Graham
    Harry Graham
    “Weep not for little Leonie, abducted by a French Marquis. Though loss of honor was a wrench, just think how it's improved her French.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. abductio,: cf. F. abduction,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. abducĕre. See Abduce.

Usage

In literature:

In Morocco I abducted the most beautiful damsel of the Bey from his harem.
"A Hungarian Nabob" by Maurus Jókai
AN ABDUCTION AND AN IMPORTANT CAPTURE.
"The Congo Rovers" by Harry Collingwood
The abduction took place in March, 1826.
"Recollections of Old Liverpool" by A Nonagenarian
The birth of the child, and its abduction by strangers, was proved with equal ease.
"Ronald Morton, or the Fire Ships" by W.H.G. Kingston
She was not being abducted.
"The Angel of Terror" by Edgar Wallace
Raymond heard of this, and warned the school head against a possible attempt at abduction.
"On the Stairs" by Henry B. Fuller
Maida had been abducted a moment before.
"Tarrano the Conqueror" by Raymond King Cummings
The child came running into the barn lot followed by the woman who had been a party to her abduction, and danced joyfully toward the pony.
"Blacksheep! Blacksheep!" by Meredith Nicholson
But no case of abduction has occurred in recent years.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India" by R. V. Russell
Well, this worthy pair have abducted a young girl, a street-singer.
"The Son of Monte-Cristo, Volume II (of 2)" by Alexandre Dumas père
Swayze openly boasted that he had been concerned in the abduction of Morgan, and in the execution of Masonic vengeance upon him.
"The Story of the Upper Canada Rebellion, Volume 1" by John Charles Dent
At the door of the New Inns, Mr. Spencer was laying forth a theory of abduction.
"Gilian The Dreamer" by Neil Munro
He had not abducted her.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
True, the singer herself would move heaven and earth to find out who had been back of the abduction.
"The Place of Honeymoons" by Harold MacGrath
Did he intend to murder the master of the house and abduct the daughter?
"A Black Adonis" by Linn Boyd Porter
In her brother's absence he had the maid abducted and carried to a house of his in town.
"A Daughter of Raasay" by William MacLeod Raine
Had Marian been abducted by Monceux, and did the Squire fear to tell him?
"Robin Hood" by Paul Creswick
De bearer of dis knows her very vell, and vill assist you in de abduction.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Volume VI" by Various
They abducted us, because they wanted you.
"The World Beyond" by Raymond King Cummings
Perona, planning with this bandit to abduct me.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
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In poetry:

"Remember Ettenheim - abduction of great fame;
"Do not hurry your task.
"But be like Chereas who in the shadows came
Alone, silent, in mask.
"They Say:" by Victor Marie Hugo

In news:

Jessica Ridgeway, 10, was abducted and killed last week.
Paean Abducted by Arkansas.
John Riggins and Sabrina Gonsalves were abducted and slain in 1980.
He then got run over, but was still able try to abduct a child.
Abigail Berthoff, 5, likely was abducted between 10 pm Tuesday and 6 am Wednesday.
The Poplar Bluff Police Department believes 45-year-old Jeffrey D Shelton called to turn himself in hours after he abducted five-year-old Abigail Bertholf.
Police investigating a man accused of abducting a 5-year-old Missouri girl say they have found images on his computer depicting sexual assaults against children.
Jeffrey Dean Shelton is charged with child kidnapping and other crimes for allegedly abducting the girl from her home Wednesday in Poplar Bluff .
Jill Carroll's Second Abduction: The Christian Science Monitor Turns Her Into a Potboiler .
Kenyan Motives in Somalia Predate Recent Abductions.
Holmes is called upon to investigate the abduction of a Duke's young son.
Scotland Yard revealed Thursday that the News of the World may have hacked the mother of a second girl who was murdered and abducted in 2000.
Unless you're rolling around on Kid Rock money, most bands count on vans that have been used as evidence in an abduction case.
Howard County police say a 23-year-old woman who was arrested for abducting a friend's 16-month-old child in Columbia has been released without prosecution.
Kayden King-Gayman, believed to have been abducted, was found safe and unharmed.
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In science:

The SLDNFA-system, which is one of the solvers developed in the pro ject to reason on ID-logic theories, is an integration of abductive logic programming (Kakas, Kowalski, & Toni 1993) and constraint logic programming (Jaffar & Maher 1994).
SLDNFA-system
Given an ID-logic theory T containing one definition D, an abductive problem for a given query F 1 consists of computing a definition ∆ of ground atoms for the open predicates of T and an answer substitution θ such that D + ∆ is consistent and entails all FOL axioms in T and ∀(θ(F )).
SLDNFA-system
The latter part associates a meaningful interpretation to the formulae occurring in SOP and provides an explanation in terms of the underlying problem instance (e.g., an extension, a stable model, abductive explanations, etc.).
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Classical abduction from a theory T on V may be defined as follows (Selman & Levesque 1990; Poole 1989; Eiter & Gottlob 1995b).
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Let H ⊆ V be a set of hypotheses, and let p ∈ V be a distinguished atom. A subset E ⊆ H is an abductive explanation for p from T and H , if (i) T ∪ E is consistent, and (ii) T ∪ E |= p, i.e., T ∪ E logically implies p.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
An explanation E is minimal, if no proper subset E ′ ⊂ E is an abductive explanation.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Is there a (minimal) abductive explanation E ⊆ H for p from T and H ? • The relevance problem : Given a theory T , a set H of variables, an atom p, and some hypothesis h ∈ H .
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Is there a (minimal) abductive explanation E ⊆ H for p from T and H containing h? • The necessity problem : Given a theory T , a set H of variables, an atom p, and some hypothesis h ∈ H .
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
In the definitions, one can specify abductive theories, autoepistemic theories, default theories, logic programs, and propositional theories in general.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
We do not include a comparison with smodels (Niemel¨a & Simons 1996) here, because that system is currently not designed to handle Σp 2 -problems (a comparison between QUIP, DeReS, dlv, smodels, and Theorist (Poole 1989), using examples from TheoryBase and some abduction problems, is given in (Egly et al. 2000b)).
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
The first group of entries gives the results for the disjunctive logic programming test; the second group gives the results for the default logic test; and the final row contains some measurements using instances of the corresponding abductive problem class.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Explanation and Prediction: An Architecture for Default and Abductive Reasoning.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Abductive and Default Reasoning: A Computational Core.
QUIP - A Tool for Computing Nonmonotonic Reasoning Tasks
Then, an abductive semantics to account for non-monotonic behavior of the language is provided.
Logic-Based Specification Languages for Intelligent Software Agents
In order to deal with the frame problem, it is necessary to introduce a non-monotonic semantics for the language by making use of an abductive construction: abductive assumptions will be used to model persistency from one state to the following one, when a primitive action is performed.
Logic-Based Specification Languages for Intelligent Software Agents
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