abdomen

Definitions

  • Section of Chest and Abdomen
    Section of Chest and Abdomen
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n abdomen the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis
    • n abdomen the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The loudest insect in the world is the male cicadas, which are like crickets. When they rub their abdomens, the sound made can be heard from 1300 feet
    • Abdomen (Anat) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In man, often restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity.
    • Abdomen (Zoöl) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Cicadas have their hearing organs in their stomachs, at the base of the abdomen.
    • n abdomen The belly; that part of the body of a mammal which lies between the thorax and the pelvis; the perivisceral cavity containing most of the digestive and some of the urogenital organs and associated structures. It is bounded above by the diaphragm, which separates it from the thoracic cavity; below by the brim of the pelvic cavity, with which it is continuous; behind by the vertebral column and the psoas and quadratus lumborum muscles; in front and laterally by several lower ribs, the iliac bones, and the abdominal muscles proper. The walls of the abdomen are lined with the serous membrane called peritoneum, and are externally invested with common integument. Its external surface is arbitrarily divided into certain definite regions, called abdominal regions (see abdominal). The principal contents of the abdomen, in man and other mammals, are the end of the esophagus, the stomach, the small and most of the large intestine, the liver, pancreas, and spleen, the kidneys, suprarenal capsules, ureters, bladder (in part), uterus (during pregnancy at least), and sometimes the testicles, with the associated nervous, vascular, and serous structures. The apertures in the abdominal walls are, usually, several through the diaphragm, for the passage of the esophagus, nerves, blood-vessels, and lymphatics; in the groin, for the passage of the femoral vessels and nerves and the spermatic cord, or the round ligament of the uterus; and at the navel, in the fetus, for the passage of the umbilical vessels.
    • n abdomen In vertebrates below mammals, in which there is no diaphragm, and the abdomen consequently is not separated from the thorax, a region of the body corresponding to but not coincident with the human abdomen, and varying in extent according to the configuration of the body. Thus, the abdomen of a serpent is coextensive with the under side of the body from head to tail; and in descriptive ornithology “pectus is restricted to the swelling anterior part of the gastræum, which we call belly or abdomen as soon as it begins to straighten out and flatten.” Coues, N. A. Birds, p. 96.
    • n abdomen In entomology, the hind body, the posterior one of the three parts of a perfect insect, united with the thorax by a slender connecting portion, and containing the greater part of the digestive apparatus. It is divided into a number of rings or segments, typically eleven (or ten, as in Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera), on the sides of which are small respiratory stigmata, or spiracles.
    • n abdomen In Arthropoda other than insects, the corresponding hinder part of the body, however distinguished from the thorax, as the tail of a lobster or the apron of a crab.
    • n abdomen In ascidians (Tunicata), a special posterior portion of the body, situated behind the great pharyngeal cavity, and containing most of the alimentary canal.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Rubbing cocoa butter on your abdomen during pregnancy will prevent stretch marks.
    • n Abdomen ab-dō′men the belly: the lower part of the trunk
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. abdomen,a word of uncertain etymol.): cf. F. abdomen,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.

Usage

In literature:

The remark about gluttonous abdomens was disturbing.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
They wind the abdomen with many girdles to make it appear large.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
The abdomen is marbled with yellowish and white flecks, and is hairy at the end.
"Our Common Insects" by Alpheus Spring Packard
ORGANS OF THE THORAX AND ABDOMEN.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
A circle drawn around the body at the abdomen denotes full means of subsistence.
"Chips From A German Workshop - Volume I" by Friedrich Max Müller
With this I struck the man a blow in the abdomen, and quickly followed it with another.
"Bamboo Tales" by Ira L. Reeves
Their other feathers are black, edged with white; and the lower part of the breast and abdomen are purplish-red and white.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
Hard pressure on the abdomen should never be applied, as it is sure to injure the fish.
"Amateur Fish Culture" by Charles Edward Walker
After being long ailing, had a large collection of water in the abdomen and lower extremities.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
A gaping crowd of yokels stood around, while the old woman faithfully kneaded the abdomen.
"The Great White Tribe in Filipinia" by Paul T. Gilbert
Gouy, next day, had a pain in his abdomen.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
Sometimes a severe pain extending into the hip or abdomen is an early symptom but it is very infrequent.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol. 3 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
In some of them a yellow stripe nearly encircles the abdomen at the joints, and meets on the back.
"Mysteries of Bee-keeping Explained" by M. Quinby
Smathers steepled his fingers over his abdomen and rubbed his fingertips together.
"Cum Grano Salis" by Gordon Randall Garrett
THE CHEST AND ABDOMEN.
"Child's Health Primer For Primary Classes" by Jane Andrews
This disease consists in a looseness of the bowels, generally accompanied with pain in the abdomen, more or less severe.
"An Epitome of Homeopathic Healing Art" by B. L. Hill
Chang stepped forward, one hand brushing the bulge of her abdomen.
"The Alembic Plot" by Ann Wilson
The first division takes in head, neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis.
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
He may be recognized by the reddish or cinnamon-brown cast of his abdomen and sides.
"Birds of the Rockies" by Leander Sylvester Keyser
The lighting-apparatus occupies the last three segments of the abdomen.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
***

In poetry:

Shunned are the games a parent proposes,
They prefer to squirt each other with hoses,
Their playmates are their natural foemen
And they like to poke each other's abdomen.
"Children's Party" by Ogden Nash
I am faithful, I do not give out,
The fractur'd thigh, the knee, the wound in the abdomen,
These and more I dress with impassive hand, (yet deep in my breast
a fire, a burning flame.)
"The Wound Dresser" by Walt Whitman
Then Abner Dean of Angel's raised a point of order, when
A chunk of old red sandstone took him in the abdomen,
And he smiled a kind of sickly smile, and curled up on the floor,
And the subsequent proceedings interested him no more.
"The Society Upon The Stanislaus" by Francis Bret Harte
A shadowy press of men
and tilted helmets at the open door.
My body swept throughout with a shattering spell
of fear—the fear that makes your heart like lead
your gullet sicken and the bowels creep
and slide like live things in your abdomen.
"In a Dug-out" by John Allan Wyeth

In news:

A woman stabbed once in the abdomen in Torrance will survive, but police have not yet made any arrests in connection with the attack, Sgt Robert Watt said Tuesday.
Doctors at Stanford University's children's hospital have separated two twin girls who were joined at the chest and abdomen.
(AP) — A man was arrested Tuesday after he allegedly stabbed his 28-year-old pregnant wife in the abdomen and cut the unborn baby out of her, the Livingston Parish Sheriff's Office said.
Deuce Lutui lifts his Seahawks practice jersey to bare his abdomen.
Dickey (abdomen) is expected to remain with the Mets this season, but a contract extension beyond 2013 appears unlikely, New York Newsday reports.
Published Thursday, Dec 6, 2012, at 11:36 a.m. Wichita police are trying to determine the circumstances that led to a man being stabbed in the abdomen during a disturbance Wednesday night in west Wichita.
A shunt is inserted in the head and a tube leads to the abdomen.
Later that morning, Dr Thomas Harvey (with Einstein 's executor, Otto Nathan, in attendance) performed the autopsy, which revealed "an abdomen full of blood" from the fatal breach of Einstein 's aorta.
Saturday afternoon Milwaukee Police Chief Ed Flynn confirmed that a pregnant woman was murdered and her unborn baby boy was cut from her abdomen.
Antlion larvae have rounded abdomens and narrower, flatter heads with sickle-shaped jaws.
The adults grow to about 1½ inches long with net-veined wings and a long skinny abdomen.
A fisherman aboard the clam boat "Misty Dawn" out of New Bedford was struck in the abdomen by loose rigging on the ship, causing a life-threatening injury.
A 5-year-old, previously healthy boy presented to an outside hospital with right- flank pain and emesis after relatively minor blunt trauma to the abdomen.
When officers arrived, his wife, who was 7 and a half months pregnant, had her throat slashed and her abdomen cut with a kitchen knife.
Judith Garcia, 19, pinches her abdomen to make a firm place to give herself an injection of insulin at her home in the Los Angeles suburb of Commerce, Calif, Sunday, April 29, 2012.
***

In science:

The male abdomen is much smaller than the female’s.
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
It will suck blood until its small and inadequate male abdomen bursts .
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
Compartmentalization and growth of the drosophila abdomen.
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
Weight and Abdomen are selected by all except LASSO.
Nonparametric Model Checking and Variable Selection
On the basis of these results we recommend a model based on Abdomen, Weight and Biceps.
Nonparametric Model Checking and Variable Selection
We compared the blind signal separation for three algorithms, across four sets of data, two of thoracic and abdomen (TA) breathing data, and two of EEG and EOG (EE) data.
Techniques for noise removal from EEG, EOG and air flow signals in sleep patients
***