abbot

Definitions

  • Abbot's Hospital, Guildford
    Abbot's Hospital, Guildford
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n abbot the superior of an abbey of monks
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Additional illustrations & photos:

The Abbot of St. Cyran——234 The Abbot of St. Cyran——234

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Abbot One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys.
    • Abbot The superior or head of an abbey.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n abbot Literally, father: a title originally given to any monk, but afterward limited to the head or superior of a monastery. It was formerly especially used in the order of St. Benedict, rector being employed by the Jesuits, guardianus by the Franciscans, prior by the Dominicans, and archimandrite or hegoumenos by the Greek and Oriental churches, to designate the same office. Originally the abbots, like the monks, were usually laymen; later they were required to be in holy orders. They were at first subject to the bishop of the diocese; but in the contentions between the bishops and abbots the latter in many cases gradually acquired exemption from jurisdiction of the bishops and became subject to the pope directly, or to an abbot-general, or archabbot, who exercised a supervision over several associated abbeys. As the influence of the religious orders increased, the power, dignity, and wealth of the abbots increased proportionally; many of them held rank as temporal lords, and, as mitered abbots, exercised certain episcopal functions in the territory surrounding their monasteries. In the reign of Henry VIII. twenty-six abbots sat in the House of Lords. Until the sixth century abbots were chosen from the monks by the bishop; since that time they have been generally elected by the monks themselves, ordinarily for life. In some instances, where the administration of the revenues of an abbey fell under the civil authority, the conferring of the benefice, and therefore the nomination of the abbot, came into the hands of the temporal sovereign, a practice variously regulated by concordats with the different countries. The right of confirmation varies; the solemn benediction of an abbot ordinarily belongs to the bishop of the diocese, occasionally to the head abbot, or to a special bishop chosen by the abbot elect. In some instances of exempt abbeys it has been conferred by the pope in person.
    • n abbot In later usage, loosely applied to the holder of one of certain non-monastic offices. The principal of a body of parochial clergy, as an Episcopal rector.
    • n abbot A title retained in Hanover, Würtemberg, Brunswick, and Schleswig-Holstein by the heads of certain Protestant institutions to which the property of various abbeys was transferred at the Reformation. See abbess
    • n abbot The chief magistrate of the Genoese in Galata.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Abbot ab′ut the father or head of an abbey
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. abbod, abbad, L. abbas, abbatis, Gr. 'abba^s, fr. Syriac abbā, father. Cf. Abba AbbÉ
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. abbas, abbatisAbba.

Usage

In literature:

How fareth my lord abbot, whom we hope to number with our friends in this glorious cause?
"Traditions of Lancashire, Volume 2 (of 2)" by John Roby
All my land lies in pledge to the abbot of St. Mary's Abbey, in York, and I have no hope to redeem it.
"Hero-Myths & Legends of the British Race" by Maud Isabel Ebbutt
Abbot Seabroke (1450-1457) took down the tower as far as the Norman piers, and built the present beautiful structure.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Gloucester [2nd ed.]" by H. J. L. J. Massé
The rulers of the Church were the abbots of the monasteries, commonly known as the coarbs or successors of their founders.
"St. Bernard of Clairvaux's Life of St. Malachy of Armagh" by H. J. Lawlor
Its first abbot, Eata, had become Bishop of Hexham and of Lindisfarne.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ripon" by Cecil Walter Charles Hallett
I am their father and abbot.
"Stray Studies from England and Italy" by John Richard Greene
Also, Abbot Agathon bore a stone in his mouth for three years to teach him to hold still.
"The Form of Perfect Living and Other Prose Treatises" by Richard Rolle of Hampole
How can a Lord Abbot, all stuck-over with horseleeches of this nature, front the world?
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
At his death in 737 A.D., S. Ronan was abbot of Kingarth, in Bute.
"Chronicles of Strathearn" by Various
Paul became Abbot eleven years after the Conquest, and he showed himself an able and earnest administrator.
"The Quarterly Review, Volume 162, No. 324, April, 1886" by Various
But the Knight stayed where he was, and answered him, 'You lie, Abbot.
"The Book of Romance" by Various
There is another legend about an ancient Abbot of Innisfallen, which is sweet and touching, though I do not see that it has any moral.
"Stories and Legends of Travel and History, for Children" by Grace Greenwood
Buckden, abbot's house at, 45.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 3, January-June, 1851" by Various
But to return to the Abbot, who was a good and worthy churchman.
"Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects" by Giorgio Vasari
He also carried with him letters from the Lord Abbot and Prior, to men who were mighty in power at the court of King Philip of France.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland Volume 17" by Alexander Leighton
Thus passed away the life of the jovial and greatly beloved Abbot of the old monastery of Riddlewell.
"The Canterbury Puzzles" by Henry Ernest Dudeney
The Abbots of Westminster claimed a tithe of all the fish caught in the river between Gravesend and Staines.
"Little Folks (October 1884)" by Various
Meeting The Abbot finally, I asked him what of school.
"Child and Country" by Will Levington Comfort
As the Abbot saw how beautiful it all was, and how different from any other of the Abbey illuminations, he smiled to himself with pleasure.
"Gabriel and the Hour Book" by Evaleen Stein
What about you, Abbot?
"Homo Inferior" by Mari Wolf
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In poetry:

``Only, beware relapse!''
The Abbot hung his head.
This beggar might be perhaps
An angel, Luther said.
"The Twins" by Robert Browning
"Thou liest," then said the gentle knight,
"Abbot in thy hall;
Fals-e knight was I nev-er,
By him that made us all."
"Robin Hood" by Henry Morley
The lady went with a sick heart out
Into the kind fresh air,
And told her Robin all about
The abbot whom he saw there:
"Robin Hood, A Child." by James Henry Leigh Hunt
"Greet well your abbot," said Rob-in,
"And your prior, I you pray,
And bid him send me such a monk
To dinner every day!"
"Robin Hood" by Henry Morley
"I will return, Sir Abbot of Vere,
I will return as is meet,
And see my honoured brother dear
Laid in his winding sheet.
"Robin Hood, A Child." by James Henry Leigh Hunt
The abbot sware a full great oath,
"By him that died on a tree,
Get the land where thou may,
For thou gettest none of me."
"Robin Hood" by Henry Morley

In news:

The St William the Abbot Roman Catholic Church kicked off its 36th annual Family Festival in Seaford.
James Lloyd "Doc" Abbot Jr dies.
Retired US Navy Rear Admiral James Lloyd "Doc" Abbot.
James Lloyd "Doc" Abbot Jr never let his age get in the way of having fun.
Lloyd Abbot Jr, who led navy flights to Antarctica , dies at 94.
Lloyd Abbot Jr, Navy rear admiral who led flights to Antarctica , dies at 94.
President Barack Obama, left, tours the Wat Pho Royal Monastery with Chaokun Suthee Thammanuwat, Dean, Faculty of Buddhism Assistant to the Abbot of Wat Phra Chetuphon, right, in Bangkok, Thailand, Sunday, Nov 18, 2012.
Forest ranger Steve Abbot says people like Newman should be allowed to burn yard waste as long as conditions are safe.
Some call it the gateway to East Lansing, but the corner of Grand River Ave and Abbot Road isn't going to look any different any time soon.
After a toe injury became a gruesome wound, Mike Miller underwent 20 sessions in a hyperbaric chamber at Abbot Northwestern Hospital.
56 pm, police said, officers received a call reporting a burglary from the alarm company for Hertz Equipment Rental at 718 Abbot Street.
Abbot Genser/Miramax Robert De Niro is a traveling man intent on reconnecting with his grown children in Kirk Jones' "Everybody's Fine".
As Abbot Robert Barnes conducted the ceremony in an outdoor chapel, attendees listened quietly and took in the peacefulness and sunlight of the landscape.
John Henry , the gun-collecting abbot with a colorful past.
Laura Rose Sargent and Michael John Yarosz were married on Aug 3 at St William the Abbot Church in Seaford.
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In science:

Abbot P, et al. (2011) Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality.
Altruism can proliferate through group/kin selection despite high random gene flow
Indeed as noted by Abbot and Wise, in this respect the situation is similar to everywhere continuous but non differenciable curves, the fractals of Mandelbrot .
Space Time as a Random Heap
The source distance maybe be obtained directly from the gravitational signal (Abbot at al. 2008).
Delayed X-ray emission from fallback in compact-object mergers
In B decays much attention is focussed on the study of Bs → J/Ψφ (talks by Abbot, Calvi, Muheim, Ruffini and Ben Haim).
Concluding Talk: A Theorist Overview on Particle Physics
An elementary theory of reheating based on the perturbation theory was developed by Dolgov & Linde (1982) and by Abbot, Fahri & Wise (1982) for the new inflationary scenario.
The Origin of Matter in the Universe: Reheating after Inflation
Abbot et al., “Measurement of Particle Production in Proton-Induced Reactions at 14.6 GeV/c,” Phys.
Accelerator Neutrino Beams
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