Zechstein

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Zechstein (Geol) The upper division of the Permian (Dyas) of Europe. The prevailing rock is a magnesian limestone.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n zechstein In geology, the uppermost of the two divisions of the Permian, the lower being the so-called “Rothliegende.” This twofold character of the Permian is a well-marked feature of the system in Germany, especially in the central part of that country; hence it is not infrequently called the Dyas, a word coined in imitation of the name Trias. At the bottom of the Zechstein is the “Kupferschiefer,” a thin bed of dark-colored, bituminous, and cupriferous shale. The Zechstein proper is a calcareous rock, becoming dolomitic in its upper section, and containing, especially in Prussia, masses of rock-salt of extraordinary thickness. The Permian covers an extensive area in Russia, where, however, its dual character is much less distinctly marked than it is in Germany. In the east of England this feature of the Permian is clearly exhibited, and the so-called “Magnesian Limestone group” is the equivalent of the German Zechstein. No separation of the Permian into divisions has been satisfactorily made out in North America, where the break between that formation and the Carboniferous is far less distinct than it is in the regions of its typical development in Germany.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Zechstein zek′stīn a deposit of calcareous rock which covers the Kupfer-schiefer.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr., fr. zeche, a mine + stein, a stone
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ger.,—zeche, a mine, stein, a stone.

Usage

In literature:

The next formation I have to mention is one which appears to possess most of the characters ascribed by German geologists to the zechstein.
"Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea" by John Franklin
Zechstein, or Lower Zechstein.
"A Manual of Elementary Geology" by Charles Lyell
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In news:

San Leon Energy PLC said it made an oil discovery in Zechstein Main dolomite in southwestern Poland and is equipping it for near-term production on an electric submersible pump.
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