Xyris

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Xyris chiefly American marsh plants, having usually yellow flowers
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Xyris (Bot) A genus of endogenous herbs with grassy leaves and small yellow flowers in short, scaly-bracted spikes; yellow-eyed grass. There are about seventeen species in the Atlantic United States.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n xyris A genus of plants, type of the order Xyrideæ. It is characterized by flowers with a broad petaloid sepal which is very caducous, and a style without any appendage. About 40 species have been described, but not all are now thought distinct. They are tufted herbs, the stems usually flattish and two-edged, with linear rigid or grasslike leaves, and small globose or ovoid flower-heads with very closely imbricated rigid bracts. They are known as yellow-eyed grass, from the yellow petals; 17 species occur in the southern United States, mostly in sands and pine-barrens; 4 extend northward, of which X. flexuosa, with a twisted, and X. Caroliniana, with a flattish scape, occur from Massachusetts to Florida; X. fimbriata and X. torta occur in pine-barrens from New Jersey southward. The leaves and roots of X. Indica are used as a remedy against leprosy and the itch in India, as are also those of X. Americana in Guiana and of X. vaginata in Brazil.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a kind of Iris, Gr. , fr. a razor

Usage

In literature:

Xyris, Philydrum, a species of Xerotes, and an aromatic spreading herb, grew in great abundance round the water.
"Journal of an Overland Expedition in Australia" by Ludwig Leichhardt
About the village, Porana, Musa, Verbena, Xanthophyllum, Xyris, Urtica herophylla, Sambucus, etc.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
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