X-ray

Definitions

  • X ray Showing Tuberculosis of the Lung
    X ray Showing Tuberculosis of the Lung
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v x-ray take an x-ray of something or somebody "The doctor x-rayed my chest"
    • v x-ray examine by taking x-rays
    • n X-ray a radiogram made by exposing photographic film to X rays; used in medical diagnosis
    • n X-ray electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength produced when high-speed electrons strike a solid target
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Edison's X-ray machine Edison's X-ray machine
X-ray machine in use X-ray machine in use
X-ray focus tube X-ray focus tube
X-ray apparatus used to look inside skull X-ray apparatus used to look inside skull
Scanning the torso with X-ray machine Scanning the torso with X-ray machine

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: It took Leonardo Da Vinci 10 years to paint Mona Lisa. He never signed or dated the painting. Leonardo and Mona had identical bone structures according to the painting. X-ray images have shown that there are 3 other versions under the original.
    • n X-ray ĕks"rā` (Physics) originally, any of the rays produced when cathode rays strike upon surface of a solid (as a copper target or the wall of the vacuum tube); now defined as electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength of 0.1 to 10 nanometers. X-rays are noted for their penetration of many opaque substances, as wood and flesh, their action on photographic plates, and their fluorescent effects. They were called X rays by their discoverer, W. K. Röntgen, but were also referred to for some time as Roentgen rays. The term X-ray has become the most common designation. They also ionize gases, but cannot be reflected, or polarized, or deflected by a magnetic field. They are used in examining objects opaque to visible light, as for imaging bones or other structures inside the human body, and for detecting flaws in metal objects, such as in welds.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: When the X-ray was discovered, a law in New Jersey was written forbidding the use of "X-ray opera glasses."
    • n X-ray See ray.
    • X-ray To take a radiograph of; apply X-rays to the study of (an object, such as a portion of the human body).
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
so called by its discoverer because of its enigmatical character, x being an algebraic symbol for an unknown quantity

Usage

In literature:

There was a lot of scientific equipment on the list, including an X-ray machine.
"Little Fuzzy" by Henry Beam Piper
We have found that bodies are opaque only to certain rays; the X-ray sees through this too too solid flesh.
"The Breath of Life" by John Burroughs
Like light, odour has its X-rays.
"Social Life in the Insect World" by J. H. Fabre
Curie and her daughter are in charge of the X-ray apparatus at the hospital.
"My War Experiences in Two Continents" by Sarah Macnaughtan
The "X-rays" of light we cannot see, because our ancestors could not deal with them.
"The Story of the Innumerable Company, and Other Sketches" by David Starr Jordan
These accounts of the wonders of modern science tell of liquid air, wireless telegraphy, X-Ray photography, and other marvels.
"A Mother's List of Books for Children" by Gertrude Weld Arnold
He wanted to tie me up and shoot me with an X-ray.
"The Wit and Humor of America, Volume VI. (of X.)" by Various
X-Ray, treatment and diagnosis, IV, 652.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume I. (of IV.)" by W. Grant Hague, M.D.
I have X rays in my eyes.
"The Farringdons" by Ellen Thorneycroft Fowler
But we have examined hundreds of ruptures under the searching X-rays.
"Cluthe's Advice to the Ruptured" by Chas. Cluthe & Sons
Twelve Plates from Photographs of X Ray Work.
"The Dyeing of Woollen Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
I was at the lab all day with Marina and Tabio's X-rays.
"The Five Arrows" by Allan Chase
We proceeded then to put the good, appetizing food where nothing short of an X-ray could inspect.
"At Boarding School with the Tucker Twins" by Nell Speed
His friend knew that he was running a risk with the X rays.
"My Little Sister" by Elizabeth Robins
Our X-ray tube appeared to be arranged for the amusement of fashionable folk.
"Autobiography of an Electron" by Charles R. (Charles Robert) Gibson
Ray, the wife of X 407, alias X 407-a, is now in Providence, Rhode Island, in a house of prostitution.
"Commercialized Prostitution in New York City" by George Jackson Kneeland
The X-Ray enables us to see through solid bodies.
"What and Where is God?" by Richard La Rue Swain
I saw that it had something of the quality of the X-ray.
"A Book of Ghosts" by Sabine Baring-Gould
Photography itself is on the side of illusion; but caricature has X-rays for the deformed fact.
"George Cruikshank" by W. H. Chesson
It isn't an X-ray apparatus.
"In Jeopardy" by Van Tassel Sutphen
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In news:

Transportation Security Administration Newark TSA officials found three unarmed landmines in a woman's bags during X-rays today.
Dudley Baringer scanned the X-rays glowing before him on the wall of his medical practice adjacent to Flagler Hospital.
Future Of NASA's Aging Deep Space Network Lies In X-Rays And Lasers.
X-rays show that shifts couldn't have taken place so soon after crash.
Robert Sabo/New York Daily News Andy Pettitte said he will undergo an x-ray today for his fractured left fibula .
Marilyn Monroe's Chest X-rays Sell for $45K.
He will have an X-ray later this afternoon.
The 48-year-old victim told cops he was discussing haircuts with a fellow X-ray technician at New York Methodist Hospital near Seventh Avenue at 6:30 pm when a third employee overheard, got offended, and shoved him into a chair.
Mobile X-ray vans hit US streets.
Ramesh Raskar has invented a camera that can 'look' around corners and see inside the body without X-rays.
Rock Art and the X-Ray Style, Global A Go-Go & Streetcore.
Lead singer of 70s punk act X-Ray Spex, Poly Styrene , passed away in her sleep last night after a battle with breast cancer.
With the band X-Ray Spex, has died at the age of 53.
Duo nabbed trying to sell stolen $30,000 X-ray machine .
He departed the contest in the first quarter and had an x-ray performed, but they came back negative.
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In science:

The X-ray continuum of Vela X-1 has been studied extensively in X-rays.
The Ionized Stellar Wind in Vela X-1 During Eclipse
The compatibility of the X-ray and γ -ray spectra of SN 1006 supports our notion of an inverse Compton origin of the γ -rays. A con firmation would require the observation of corresponding curvature in the X-ray and TeV γ -ray spectra, though.
Gamma-ray astronomy
Reynolds, 1996), infrared, soft X-ray (estimated from Willinggale et al., 1996), hard X-ray (Ozaki, 1998), GeV γ -rays, and TeV γ -rays are presented (taken from Tanimori et al. (2001)).
Gamma-ray astronomy
The maxima in the count rates in γ -rays and in X-rays apparently coincide, though the X-ray detector had a dropout at the time of the peak in γ -rays.
Gamma-ray astronomy
In case (a) the X-ray beams are wider than the radio beams, therefore, when the line of sight sweeps across the both radio beams (to reproduce the main pulse and the interpulse) it would sweep across the both X-ray beams either, and hence gives double X-ray pulse, which is inconsistent with the observation.
Possible evidence for the pulsed X-ray emission from outer gap in PSR B1937+21?
We include into our review dim X-ray sources in the Galactic disk and in globular clusters; compact X-ray sources in supernova remnants; anomalous X-ray pulsars; soft gamma repeaters; Geminga.
Astrophysics of isolated neutron stars: radioquiet neutron stars and magnetars
In this paper, we discuss our analysis of the XMMNewton observation in the X-ray (0.1-15 keV) bands (Sect. 2), accounting for the presence of a nearby ob ject in the pre-supernova X-ray field, observed earlier by the Chandra X-ray Observatory (Sect. 2.1).
The nature of the prompt X-ray and radio emission from SN2002ap
The ratio RX/γ can be estimated from the few events observed in both the X-ray and gamma-ray band, or, using the larger BATSE sample, by extrapolating the measured spectrum into the X-ray band.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
We use archival measurements of the X-ray and gamma-ray fluences for 134 GRB to estimate the distribution of the X-ray to gamma-ray ratio.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
There remains room for the discovery of new types of sources that produce fast X-ray transients, but we certainly cannot yet confirm the existence of new classes like “gamma-ray quiet GRBs” or “superflares” at normal stars. A large uniform dataset from a dedicated, sensitive wide-field X-ray experiment (see e.g.
Fast X-ray Transients and Their Connection to Gamma-Ray Bursts
While X-ray emission from the disk as a whole is excluded by the X-ray light curve of OY Car, which limits much of the X-ray emission to the immediate vicinity of the white dwarf (Ramsay et al. 2001), the boundary layer is likely to be magnetically dominated.
Chandra Observations of the Dwarf Nova WX Hyi in Quiescence
Observations of Mrk 421 at TeV energies with the Whipple telescope and at X-ray wavelengths with the BeppoSAX satellite, established the first hour-scale correlations between X-rays and gamma rays in a blazar.
TeV Gamma-ray Observations and the Origin of Cosmic Rays: I
Soft X-ray transients (SXTs) are an important class of low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs). A characteristic property of SXTs is that their luminosity is generally below the detection limit of most X-ray telescopes.
Evolution of Spectral States of Aql X-1 during the 2000 Outburst
UltraLuminous X-ray sources (ULXs) are off-nuclear X-ray sources in external galaxies, with computed isotropic X-ray luminosities above the Eddington luminosity for stellar-mass black holes (see e.g.
Microquasars
In this chapter we discuss the recent X-ray monitoring campaigns we performed (using the X-ray satellites Chandra and XMM-Newton) to study several quasi-persistent neutron-star X-ray transients in their quiescent states.
Crust cooling curves of accretion-heated neutron stars
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