• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • adv Whereas At which place; where. "At last they came whereas that lady bode."
    • Whereas Considering that; it being the case that; since; -- used to introduce a preamble which is the basis of declarations, affirmations, commands, requests, or like, that follow.
    • Whereas When in fact; while on the contrary; the case being in truth that; although; -- implying opposition to something that precedes; or implying recognition of facts, sometimes followed by a different statement, and sometimes by inferences or something consequent. "Are not those found to be the greatest zealots who are most notoriously ignorant? whereas true zeal should always begin with true knowledge."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On average, a Canadian girl owns seven Barbie dolls, whereas an American girl owns eight
    • whereas The thing being so that; considering that things are so: implying an admission of facts, sometimes followed by a different statement, and sometimes by inference or something consequent, as in the preamble to a law or a resolution.
    • whereas While on the contrary; the fact or case really being that; when in fact.
    • whereas Where.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Whereas as or on account of which: since: when in fact: where
    • ***


  • May Sarton
    “It was completely fruitless to quarrel with the world, whereas the quarrel with oneself was occasionally fruitful and always, she had to admit, interesting.”
  • Anton Chekhov
    Anton Chekhov
    “Doctors are just the same as lawyers; the only difference is that lawyers merely rob you, whereas doctors rob you and kill you too.”
  • St. Francis De Sales
    “Those who love to be feared fear to be loved, and they themselves are more afraid than anyone, for whereas other men fear only them, they fear everyone.”
  • Albert Camus
    “Whereas the Greeks gave to will the boundaries of reason, we have come to put the will's impulse in the very center of reason, which has, as a result, become deadly.”
  • Malcolm De Chazal
    Malcolm De Chazal
    “A women knows how to keep quiet when she is in the right, whereas a man, when he is in the right, will keep on talking.”
  • Albert Camus
    “After all, every murderer when he kills runs the risk of the most dreadful of deaths, whereas those who kill him risk nothing except promotion.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hwǽr, hwár; from stem of who. Cf. There.


In literature:

Whereas in 1850 more than one-third of Wisconsin's population was foreign-born, the proportion for Iowa was not much over one-tenth.
"The Frontier in American History" by Frederick Jackson Turner
Lucius was quite honest in all that he said and did upon the occasion; whereas Miss Furnival was only half honest.
"Orley Farm" by Anthony Trollope
Whereas no imputation can be more unfounded.
"The Posthumous Works of Thomas De Quincey, Vol. 1 (2 vols)" by Thomas De Quincey
The artificial silk offers no resistance to the teeth, which readily go through it; whereas natural silk resists the action of the teeth.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
They pay hardly any taxes; whereas we of the cannaille are very heavily laden with them.
"Germany, Bohemia, and Hungary, Visited in 1837. Vol. II" by G. R. Gleig
But that drive lasts for a morning, whereas mine lasts all through life!
"The Blonde Lady" by Maurice Leblanc
Whereas in the month of Aprill in the year of our Lord God one Thousand Six hundred and ninety six Capt.
"Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period" by Various
Again, whereas it is a most honourable thing to show gratitude, it ceases to be honourable if it be forced.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
Whereas the other specimens which he pretended to admire are perhaps counterfeit.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
But, whereas we had too little discipline, the English had evidently too much.
"My Reminiscences of the Anglo-Boer War" by Ben Viljoen
GILDO: And that is why in London the people walk on their feet, whereas in Palermo they walk on their hands, as you have no doubt observed.
"Castellinaria and Other Sicilian Diversions" by Henry Festing Jones
And this I may well do, whereas, by thine own telling, thou art not in our house but in thine own.
"The Sundering Flood" by William Morris
Whereas others have to depend on the uncertainties of rainfall.
"Desert Conquest" by A. M. Chisholm
Whereas you, Tanks, I own you make it come.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
But Bertram was entered as a commoner, whereas Wilkinson was in the college.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
Whereas the family, the tribe, and the race are natural products, the nation as well as the State are products of historical development.
"The League of Nations and its Problems" by Lassa Oppenheim
Whereas she fought to keep herself free of him.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
Whereas the Allies held practically all they had gained, the Germans were considerably the losers by the transaction.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
She knew London life well, whereas Lady George did not know it at all; and she considered that this was flirtation.
"Is He Popenjoy?" by Anthony Trollope
Whereas a young man who is not model at all, one who has had his fling beforehand, settles down and becomes quite fat.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus

In poetry:

Whereas the man who hits
the gong dis-
proves it, in all its
simplicity —
"The Carnival" by Robert Creeley
My lord Barnàrd shall knowe of this,
Although I lose a limbe.
And ever whereas the bridges were broke,
He layd him downe to swimme.
"The Ballad of Little Musgrave and Lady Barnard" by Anonymous British
With that bespake the ladye faire,
In bed whereas she laye,
Althoughe thou art dead, my little Musgràve,
Yet for thee I will praye :
"The Ballad of Little Musgrave and Lady Barnard" by Anonymous British
“Whereas thou dreamed’st thou wert in heaven,
So shalt thou win that may;
Dreamed’st thou of falling through the clouds,
So falls for her thy life away.”
"Hafbur And Signy" by William Morris
A. It is the blood of Christ, God's only Son,
Which ev'ry soul from native filth does lave,
And sin — whereby it had been else undone,
Whereas, before, it was the devil's slave:
"The Lord's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
Whereas my birth and spirit rather took
The way that takes the town;
Thou didst betray me to a lingring book,
And wrap me in a gown.
I was entangled in the world of strife,
Before I had the power to change my life.
"Affliction (I)" by George Herbert

In news:

Whereas before she would let it all hang out, she's now more subdued and simple, and it's sexalicious.
Many patients never need treatment, whereas some have poor outcomes.
WHEREAS, the City of Gardner, Kansas initiated the changes to Title and Chapter.
Whereas for women that is not necessarily the case.
It was formatted to include students, families, and teachers, whereas previous programs focused mainly on students.
Whereas everybody in political Austin assumes it.
The Shell Oil Company, for example, provides for free general admissions to the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston on Thursdays, whereas it's $10 on other days.
"Whereas those who work in a non-airconditioned workplace, they were happy up to 89 degrees.".
WHEREAS, The National Environmental Health Association (NEHA) has previously taken a position in support of requiring manufacturers to label any food product that contains genetically modified ingredients, and.
"The exhibit itself could only accommodate about 75 images, whereas the book has 185," he said.
WHEREAS, on September 11, 2001, unprecedented terrorist.
That is, whereas the iQ is 120.1 in.
"An exploration of the reason may improve future behavior, whereas humiliation and punishment may result in decreased adherence ".
This has allowed anyone to create crossword puzzles today, whereas in the beginning, they were created only by a few.
Both took to the pen, but whereas Hogue writes poetry, her brother writes graffiti.

In science:

Thus in low fields only one of spin orientations percolates whereas at high fields both do, see a review of 3D RFIM experiments in .
Susceptibility and Percolation in 2D Random Field Ising Magnets
Al = Al ∗ C[Pl ] is the free product with identified units, Pl being a pro jection, whereas eφ is the Boolean extension of φ (Definition 2.1).
Filtered random variables, bialgebras and convolutions
Gn,p is Poisson whereas the distribution for our networks is exponential, as we showed in Section III.
Are randomly grown graphs really random?
In Fig.4 we show the result of such a scaling plot, where we used ν = 1, as found approximately in finite-q calculations, whereas for xm we used our previous estimate obtained through finite-size scaling at the critical point.
The Random-bond Potts model in the large-q limit
Lastly, Woosley et al. assumed that the minimum Lorentz factor was at least about 5, whereas we have argued above that this value is not supported by observations and the lower value of ∼ 1.9 is more appropriate.
Trans-Relativistic Supernovae, Circumstellar Gamma-Ray Bursts, and Supernova 1998bw
In the case of the canonical phase, V0 = I and Vn = O , n ≥ 1, whereas in the case of the trivial phase, Vn = |ni hn| for all n.
The phase representation of covariant phase observables
Not all diagrams are equally singular, i.e. some of the channels are more effective, whereas others almost do not contribute.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
It is seen that the fundamental mode is super-Poissonian, whereas the harmonic mode is sub-Poissonian for all non-zero evolution times.
Quantum, classical and semiclassical analyses of photon statistics in harmonic generation
Whereas algebras derived from a classical description of the system are commutative, the algebras representing quantized systems are in general noncommutative although still associative.
The categorical theory of relations and quantizations
The orbifold map g is smooth (see definition 3.10) whereas g ′ is not.
Orbispaces and Orbifolds from the Point of View of the Borel Construction, a new Definition
Unruh whereas the second one is a generalization of the relations used by Corley and Jacobson .
Trans-Planckian Physics and the Spectrum of Fluctuations in a Bouncing Universe
The first term of the Hamiltonian is the kinetic energy and the external potential, whereas the second term refers to the hard-sphere interaction between particles with v0 = 4πa2/m being the coupling constant with the s-wave scattering length a.
Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity of dilute Bose gas in a random potential
In fact, the relative pressure variation δP /P0 from x = 0 to the position just behind the shock is only ∼ 0.2 in the slow accretion stage, whereas the temperature varies from 50 to 3000 K over this same interval.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
E and the adiabatic invariant P , whereas the filled circles correspond to numerical results for the full Lagrangian (1).
Out-of-equilibrium states as statistical equilibria of an effective dynamics
C (z , ℓ, ζ )) ⊗ σ(εi , i ≥ n), whereas P = z , S k+1 = n) is ω ,E (Rk < ∞, XS k+1 measurable on σ(ωx : x · ℓ ≤ z · ℓ − L|ℓ|2 /|ℓ|1 ) ⊗ σ(εi , i < n).
A law of large numbers for random walks in random mixing environments