Wealden

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Wealden (Geol) Of or pertaining to the lowest division of the Cretaceous formation in England and on the Continent, which overlies the Oölitic series.
    • n Wealden (Geol) The Wealden group or strata.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • wealden Of or pertaining to the Weald.
    • n wealden In geology, the name of a formation extensively developed in the Weald of England (see Weald), and interesting from its position and organic remains. Its geological age is Lower Cretaceous. The deposits of the Wealden, which have a total thickness of 1,800 feet, precisely resemble those of a modern delta, and the organic remains include land-plants, fresh-water shells, and a few estuarine or marine forms, as also dinosaurs, plesiosaurs, and pterodactyls. The Wealden is separated into two divisions: the Weald Clay, at the top, about 1,000 feet thick, and the Hastings Sand group beneath, which is subdivided, in descending order, as follows: Tunbridge Wells Sand, 120 to 180 feet thick; Wadhurst Clay, 120 to 180 feet; and Ashdown Sand, 400 to 500 feet. The Wealden is overlain conformably by the Lower Greensand.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Wealden pertaining to the Weald
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. weald, wald, a forest, a wood. So called because this formation occurs in the wealds, or woods, of Kent and Sussex. See Weald
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From the root of wild; not directly conn. with A.S. weald, a forest, wold.

Usage

In literature:

Below are hundreds of feet of wheeling-planks, ditches, excavations, heaps of earth, piles of garden stone from the Wealden ridges.
"Tono Bungay" by H. G. Wells
The North Downs were hidden, far away beyond the Wealden Heights.
"The Wheels of Chance" by H. G. Wells
If this name were adopted, as it ought to be, the Wealden beds would be called the Lower Neocomian.
"The Ancient Life History of the Earth" by Henry Alleyne Nicholson
Like other Wealden churches, Newdigate has an abiding charm in her peal of bells.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
Some of these outliers, whether Wealden or Oolitic, are externally of great beauty.
"The Cruise of the Betsey" by Hugh Miller
The Chloritic Marl in the Wealden district furnishes much phosphatic material, which has been extensively worked at Froyle.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
For further information see the articles CHALK; GREENSAND; WEALDEN.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
The plants of the Uitenhage beds bear a close resemblance to those of the Wealden.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
Wealden strata, fossils of, 117, 137, 140.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
Now, this is a very important point, that our Wealden shells are freshwater shells.
"The Geological Story of the Isle of Wight" by J. Cecil Hughes
Oolitic from the Wealden to the Lias inclusive.
"A Manual of Elementary Geology" by Charles Lyell
Neck bone of Ornithodesmus from the Wealden 173 67.
"Dragons of the Air" by H. G. Seeley
It is a wooded, Wealden district of deep clay we have left, and a hungry, barren land of chalk we enter.
"The Brighton Road" by Charles G. Harper
This has been called by geologists the "age of reptiles;" their remains are found in great numbers in the lias, oolite, and wealden strata.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, No. VI, November 1850, Vol. I" by Various
The last Wealden furnace was put out in 1828.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
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In science:

Wealden, based on a single highly diagnostic dorsal vertebra.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
Wealden strata, from which four distinct sauropod families are now known.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
Wealden, Hastings Beds Group, Lower Cretaceous.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
Wealden strata of the English mainland since the 1840s.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
Wealden (non-marine Lower Cretaceous) as seen from the English type areas.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
On a sauropodous dinosaurian vertebra from the Wealden of Hastings.
Aspects of the history, anatomy, taxonomy and palaeobiology of sauropod dinosaurs
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