WHO

Definitions

  • "'Who'll buy?'"
    "'Who'll buy?'"
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n WHO a United Nations agency to coordinate international health activities and to help governments improve health services
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Additional illustrations & photos:

"He saw an old man, who seemed to be very weary." "He saw an old man, who seemed to be very weary."
A man stands over Que, who is asleep on his mailbag A man stands over Que, who is asleep on his mailbag
WHO HAS THE DONKEY'S EARS, NOW WHO HAS THE DONKEY'S EARS, NOW
Seeing the Poor Devils Who Had Gone Broke 166 Seeing the Poor Devils Who Had Gone Broke 166
Mrs. Binks who has lost control of her machine Mrs. Binks who has lost control of her machine
The queer old lady who went to college The queer old lady who went to college
THE STAY-AT-HOMES WHO WROTE WAR-SONGS THE STAY-AT-HOMES WHO WROTE WAR-SONGS
The Dolphin who Came Late The Dolphin who Came Late

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The biggest candy eaters are the Dutch, who average 65 pounds of candy per person in a year
    • Who One; any; one. "As who should say , it were a very dangerous matter if a man in any point should be found wiser than his forefathers were."
    • Who Originally, an interrogative pronoun, later, a relative pronoun also; -- used always substantively, and either as singular or plural. See the Note under What pron., 1. As interrogative pronouns, who and whom ask the question: What or which person or persons? Who and whom, as relative pronouns (in the sense of that), are properly used of persons (corresponding to which, as applied to things), but are sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of animals, plants, etc. Who and whom, as compound relatives, are also used especially of persons, meaning the person that; the persons that; the one that; whosoever. "Let who will be President.""He] should not tell whose children they were.""There thou tell'st of kings, and who aspire; Who fall, who rise, who triumph, who do moan.""Adders who with cloven tongues
      Do hiss into madness."
      "Whom I could pity thus forlorn.""How hard is our fate, who serve in the state.""Who cheapens life, abates the fear of death.""The brace of large greyhounds, who were the companions of his sports."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Women who drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a higher chance of developing osteoporosis
    • who Denoting a personal object of inquiry: What man or woman? what person? Who is declined, in both singular and plural alike, with the possessive (genitive) whose and the objective (dative or accusative) whom: as, who told you so? whose book is this? of whom are you speaking?
    • who In certain special uses who appears
    • who Inquiring as to the character, origin, or status of a person: as, who is this man? (that is, what are his antecedents, his social standing, etc.); who are we (what sort of persons are we) that we should condemn him?
    • who In exclamatory sentences, interrogative in form but expecting or admitting no reply: as, who would ever have suspected it!
    • who Introducing a dependent clause, and noting as antecedent a subject, object, or other factor, expressed or understood, in a clause actually or logically preceding. With reference to the clause following, the relative may introduce
    • who The antecedent is sometimes omitted, being implied in the pronoun, which is in this case usually called a compound relative.
    • who A clause dependent in form, but adding a distinct idea. Here the relative force is almost entirely lost, who becoming equivalent to and with a demonstrative pronoun.
    • who With reference to gender, who originally noted a masculine or feminine antecedent, whether human, animate, or other, the neuter being what; and whose, the possessive (genitive)of who, was also that of what, and is still correctly used of a neuter antecedent (see what). Moreover, before the appearance of the possessive its, whose place was filled by the neuter his (see he, I., C. ), not only were neuter objects designated in the two other cases by he and him, but who and whom were sometimes substituted for that as the nominative and objective of the neuter relative (see the quotation from Puttenham). In modern use, however, who and whom are applied regularly to persons, frequently to animals, and sometimes even to inanimate things when represented with some of the attributes of humanity, as in personification or vivid description.
    • who With reference to the nature of its antecedent, who may note
    • who a particular or determinate person or thing (see ); or.
    • who an indefinite antecedent, in which case who has the force of whoso, whosoever, or whoever, and is called an indefinite relative. Its antecedent may be expressed, or it may be a compound relative.
    • who Synonyms Who, which, and that agree in being relatives, and are more or less interchangeable as such; but who is used chiefly of persons (though also often of the higher animals), which almost only of animals and things (in old English also of persons), and that indifferently of either, except after a preposition, where only who or which can stand. Some recent authorities teach that only that should be used when the relative clause is limiting or defining: as, the man that runs fastest wins the race; but who or which when it is descriptive or coördinating: as, this man, who ran fastest, won the race; but, though present usage is perhaps tending in the direction of such a distinction, it neither has been nor is a rule of English speech, nor is it likely to become one, especially on account of the impossibility of setting that after a preposition; for to turn all relative clauses into the form “the house that Jack lived in” (instead of “the house in which Jack lived”) would be intolerable. In good punctuation the defining relative is distinguished (as in the examples above), by never taking a comma before it, whether it be who or which or that. Wherever that could be properly used, but only there, the relative may be, and very often is, omitted altogether: thus, the house Jack built or lived in; the man (or the purpose) he built it for. The adjective clause introduced by a relative may qualify a noun in any way in which an adjective or adjective phrase, either attributive or appositional can qualify it, and has sometimes a pregnant implication of one or another kind: as, why punish this man, who is innocent? i. e. seeing, or although, he is innocent (= this innocent man). But a relative is also not rarely made use of to add a coördinate statement, being equivalent to and with a following pronoun: as, I studied geometry, which I found difficult (and [I] found it difficult); I met a friend, who kindly showed me the way (and he kindly, etc.). This way of employing the relative is by some regarded as a Latinism, and condemned; it is restricted to who and which.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The tallest woman in the world is American Sandy Allen who is 7 feet 7 inches
    • pron Who hōō (both rel. and interrog.) what person? which person
    • ***

Quotations

  • Barbara Sher
    Barbara%20Sher
    “And our dreams are who we are.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “He is a king who fears nothing, he is a king who desires nothing!”
  • John Sterling
    John Sterling
    “There is no lie that a man will not believe; and there is no man who does not believe many lies; and there is no man who believes only lies.”
  • Paul Geraldy
    Paul Geraldy
    “It is the woman who chooses the man who will choose her.”
  • Henry L. Doherty
    Henry L. Doherty
    “Those who do the most for the world's advancement are the ones who demand the least.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “The one who wills is the one who can.”

Idioms

He who hesitates is lost - If one waits too long, the opportunity vanishes.
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He who laughs last laughs longest - A person may feel satisfied or pleased when they d something bad or unfair to you, but if you can get revenge, you will feel more satisfaction.('He who laughs last laughs best' is also used, and 'he' is sometimes omitted.)
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None so blind as those who will not see - This idiom is used when people refuse to accept facts presented to them. ('None so deaf as those who will not hear' is an alternative.)
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People who live in glass houses should not throw stones - People should not criticize other people for faults that they have themselves.
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Who has eaten of the pot knows the taste of the broth - Experience is the best teacher.
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Who wears the pants? - (USA) The person who wears the pants in a relationship is the dominant person who controls things.
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Who wears the trousers? - (UK) The person who wears the trousers in a relationship is the dominant person who controls things.
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Who will ring the bell? - 'Who will ring the bell?' asks who will assume the responsibility to help us out of a difficult situation.
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With friends like that, who needs enemies? - This expression is used when people behave badly or treat someone badly that they are supposed to be friends with.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. who, wha, AS. hwā, interrogative pron., neut. hwæt,; akin to OFries. hwa, neut. hwet, OS. hwē, neut. hwat, D. wie, neut. wat, G. wer, neut. was, OHG. wer, hwer, neut. waz, hwaz, Icel. hvat, neut., Dan. hvo, neut. hvad, Sw. ho, hvem, neut. hvad, Goth. hwas, fem. hwō, neut. hwa, Lith. kas, Ir. & Gael. co, W. pwy, L. quod, neuter of qui, Gr. po`teros whether, Skr. kas,. √182. Cf. How Quantity Quorum Quote Ubiquity What When Where Whether Which Whither Whom Why
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hwá; cog. with Goth. hwas, Ice. hver, Ger. wer; also with Sans. kas, Gr. pos, L. quis.

Usage

In literature:

How different the man who comes out in the open, who has no secrets, who reveals his heart to us, and who is frank, broad and liberal!
"Pushing to the Front" by Orison Swett Marden
A CAPTAIN, who is to fight any gentleman who is peevish for losing his money.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Isaac D'Israeli
His partner was Charles S. Boker, who had a son, George, who will often be mentioned in these Memoirs.
"Memoirs" by Charles Godfrey Leland
Once with her and another lady, who was fond of talking and who had read "the fathers," they spoke much of God.
"The Autobiography of Madame Guyon" by Jeanne Marie Bouvier de La Motte Guyon
Metrodorus, a minister, who preached boldly; and Pionius, who made some excellent apologies for the christian faith; were likewise burnt.
"Fox's Book of Martyrs" by John Foxe
Lorand pitied the poor creature, who, dressed in silks and finery, did not know her letters, and who was incapable of raising her voice to God.
"Debts of Honor" by Maurus Jókai
The gentleman who had cross-examined her on the part of Joseph Mason, and who was now dead, had failed to shake her evidence.
"Orley Farm" by Anthony Trollope
There were slave-owners who were kind, and slave-owners who were cruel.
"The Death Shot" by Mayne Reid
He who hears you, hears me; he who rejects you, rejects me; he who rejects me, rejects him who sent me.
"The Children's Bible" by Henry A. Sherman
The people who owned the shares were the ones who owned the tools.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 11 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
There was once an herb-gatherer who had three daughters who earned their living by spinning.
"Italian Popular Tales" by Thomas Frederick Crane
Perhaps you have parents living, who long to see you, and who would be glad to take you to their hearts.
"Broken Bread from an Evangelist's Wallet" by Thomas Champness
There are respected people who are greeted by those who see them; there are outcasts who are shunned.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
Rose had positively envied Laura, who had a husband who could be ill, who could be tucked up in bed and taken care of.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
One who has had experience, or who has been some time on a particular station.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Who is my 'crony,' and who was your friend?
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
There was great questioning among those who remained: Who is he?
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
A woman who thinks is as silly as a man who uses paint.
"The Dramatic Works of G. E. Lessing" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Tom had been a hobble-de-hoy, one of those overgrown lads who come late to their manhood, and who are regarded by young ladies as louts.
"Ayala's Angel" by Anthony Trollope
The man who held the Bank was, I heard afterwards, one of those who live by keeping the Bank against all comers.
"The Orange Girl" by Walter Besant
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In poetry:

CHORUS
Who true bushmen are,
Who true bushmen are,
And may they always meet good friends as we bushmen are.
"The Bushman" by Anonymous Oceania
Be all due honours paid,
To him, the world, who made —
To him, who sav'd it, lost,
And to the Holy Ghost! Amen.
"Thanks For Our Election, And Several Spiritual Gifts" by Rees Prichard
God, forgive and give,
For His sake who died?
Nay, for ours who live,
How shall we forgive
Thee, then, on our side?
"Christmas Antiphones" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
Two who are Mostly Good.
Two who have lived their day,
But keep on putting on their clothes
And putting things away.
"The Bean Eaters" by Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks
Who is He whose hand hath led
Day from its reposing-bed?
Who is He that bids the night
Fly the calm approach of light?
"Morning Hymn" by John Bowring
For whom, O heavenly singer,
Thy song so clear and free?
Who hears or sees or heeds thee,
Who feels or cares for thee?
"In The Wilderness" by Morris Rosenfeld

In news:

While the Oscars don't necessarily take their lead from the BAFTAs , there may be a few conclusions we can draw from who was included (and who was omitted) from the nominees.
LOS ANGELES—Men who go bald in their early 20s have a doubled risk of developing prostate cancer, but those who lose hair in their 30s and 40s apparently are not at greater risk, French researchers reported this week.
0Police in Tuscaloosa, Ala. Are searching for a gunman who they say fired into a crowded bar and then shot people as they ran out, leaving 17 people injured, including two who were critically hurt.
The man, who was not named by authorities, reportedly contacted local officials who then called the state.
In Who's Who entries, it follows fast on the heels of one's profession.
Anyone in the land who doesn't know who Graham James is.
Readers who wrote about the person who taught them to knit – after reading my Sunday piece on Larissa Brown's book, "My Grandmother's Knitting" – shared colorful stories.
Good news for women who want men who cook and clean.
After writing a tribute to Clem Rawert, who owned and operated Clem 's Backpacking Sports for 25 years in Fairbanks from 1970-95, in Thursday's outdoors section, I received an email from Matt VanEnkevort, who grew up in Fairbanks.
There are engineers, the VCs who fund them in polo shirts with blazers on the backs of their office doors, and the bloggers who cover them.
During the hearing, prosecutors revealed that two al-Qaeda leaders who met with Zazi and his cohorts in Pakistan were Saleh al-Somali and Rashid Rauf, who both died in US air strikes over the past year.
Who is the better parent — the one who disciplines, sets limits and guidelines, or the one who lets you do what you want.
"We went from children who were afraid of gunshots to now children who were gunshots," says Beah who became separated from his family at just 12 years old when his town was attacked.
There are runners who rock and rockers who run – and then there is Brooklyn running blogger Erin Sholl, aka "Lady Southpaw," who does both.
"I said something about white liberals are the ones who are who, who raise these questions about who is paying etc," Barry said.
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In science:

It is aimed mainly at two groups of physicists, those who work on quantum chaos in fields different from nuclear physics, and nuclear physicists who wish to learn about RMT and chaos in nuclei.
Random Matrices and Chaos in Nuclear Physics
Two notable exceptions are Boyd et al. , who study the asymptotic behavior of the random consensus value in the special case of symmetric networks, and Tahbaz-Salehi and Jadbabaie , who compute the mean and variance of the consensus value for general i.i.d. graph processes.
On Asymptotic Consensus Value in Directed Random Networks
Most of these networks are directed, i. e. there is a directional relationship between two elements defining who influences who in a given order.
Exploring the randomness of Directed Acyclic Networks
Fisher who introduced the crucial idea of “infinite disorder” fixed point where the method becomes asymptotically exact, and who computed explicitly exact critical exponents and scaling functions for one-dimensional disordered quantum spin chains .
Random elastic networks : strong disorder renormalization approach
Yij is the difference between the number of people who migrated from state i to state j in 2007 and the number who migrated from i to j in 2006.
Statistical Inference for Valued-Edge Networks: Generalized Exponential Random Graph Models
Also, thanks to Alessandro Di Virgilio, who contributed to the building of the fibre detector, and to Andrea Zossi, who helped with the mechanical setup of the experimental setup.
A 1 mm Scintillating Fibre Tracker Readout by a Multi-anode Photomultiplier
Meanwhile, theory TNO predicts that the number of observers who believe D⊕ is roughly the same as the number of observers who believe D⊙ , since this theory is dominated by NOs whose beliefs correlate with the world around them, and whose solar systems typically arise as part of a galaxy surrounded by other galaxies.
Bubble collisions and measures of the multiverse
On the other hand, theory TBB predicts that the number of observers who believe D⊕ is much smaller than the number of observers who believe D⊙ .
Bubble collisions and measures of the multiverse
Acknowledgment: We are grateful to an insightful referee who outlined the proof of the bound (27) and who suggested the conjecture (26) for d = 0.
Optimal Sequential Selection of a Unimodal Subsequence of a Random Sequence
This is done before the main theorem is stated. A reader who prefers an inductive presentation should follow our sections in sequential order. A reader who wants to jump quickly to the main result may skip Section 3.2.
Averaging Fluctuations in Resolvents of Random Band Matrices
This class was introduced by Bohannan & Walborn (1989), who suggested that these stars represented a transitional phase between the Of and WN stages (see Conti 1976), and who noted that some such stars are known to undergo eruptions similar to those of LBVs.
The Wolf-Rayet Content of M31
Concerning the works referred and outlined in Sect. 1.1, they are mainly split into 2 categories: a)those who treat the problem of fitting curve models to data points and b) those who treat the problem of shape matching.
Optimization in Differentiable Manifolds in Order to Determine the Method of Construction of Prehistoric Wall-Paintings
But there is absolutely no way to tell who is i and who is −i.1 That is Galois Theory.
Galois theory on the line in nonzero characteristic
Who prepared such a smooth and very unlikely initial state? Perhaps God, who picked up a very special point in the huge space of all possible initial configurations (see, in this connection, a nice picture in Roger Penrose’s book3).
A Simple/Short Introduction to Pre-Big-Bang Physics/Cosmology
Optical spectra have been published by Sanders et al. who classified it as a Seyfert 1.5 galaxy on the basis of a relatively broad Hα line, by Veilleux et al. (1995) and Wu et al. (1998a,b) who called it a Liner, and by Liu & Kennicutt (1995).
AGNs with composite spectra II. Additional data
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