W

Definitions

  • Three men form a letter W
    Three men form a letter W
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n W the 23rd letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n w the 23rd letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n W a unit of power equal to 1 joule per second; the power dissipated by a current of 1 ampere flowing across a resistance of 1 ohm
    • n W the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees
    • n W a heavy grey-white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest ketchup bottle in the world is a 170 feet tall and is located in Collinsville, Illinois, USA. It was built in 1949 by the W.E. Caldwell Company as a water tower
    • W dŭb"'l ū the twenty-third letter of the English alphabet, is usually a consonant, but sometimes it is a vowel, forming the second element of certain diphthongs, as in few how. It takes its written form and its name from the repetition of a V, this being the original form of the Roman capital letter which we call U. Etymologically it is most related to v and u. See V, and U. Some of the uneducated classes in England, especially in London, confuse w and v, substituting the one for the other, as weal for veal, and veal for weal; wine for vine, and vine for wine, etc. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 266-268.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Kotex was first manufactured as bandages, during W.W.I
    • w An abbreviation [lowercase] in a ship's log-book, of wet dew
    • w of Western Postal District, London
    • w [lowercase] of wife
    • w of Wolfram
    • w [lowercase or cap.] in electrotechnics, of work
    • w in electricity, of watt, the unit of electric power
    • w nautical, of winter free-board line. See free-board.
    • w An abbreviation of West Africa
    • w of West Australia.
    • n w An abbreviation of Water Board
    • n w of way-bill.
    • n w An abbreviation [lowercase or cap.] of water-closet
    • n w of Wesleyan Chapel
    • n w of Western Central (London Postal District)
    • n w [lowercase] of without charge.
    • n w An abbreviation of West Indies.
    • w An abbreviation of wave-length.
    • w An abbreviation of Worshipful Master.
    • w An abbreviation of War Office.
    • n w An abbreviation of Worthy Patriarch.
    • n w Ar. abbreviation of West Riding;
    • n w of William Rex (King William).
    • n w An abbreviation of West Saxon.
    • w The twenty-third letter and eighteenth consonant-sign in the English alphabet. It has a double value, as consonant and as vowel. As an alphabetic character it is of very modern date, being one of the four that have sprung from the Y or V added by the Greeks to the older Phenician alphabet, and one of the three (U, V, W) that have grown out of the Roman form of that character (see U).It was made (as pointed out under U) by doubling the U- or V- sign (hence called double U), in order to distinguish properly the semivowel sound w from the spirant v and the vowel u. It was formerly often printed as two V's, VV, vv. It began to be used in the eleventh century, and gradually crowded out the special sign for the same sound which the Anglo-Saxon alphabet had possessed. The alphabetic sound distinctively represented by w is the labial semivowel, which stands in precisely the same relation to oo (ö) in which consonantal y stands to ee (ē). Each of these semivowels, if not of precisely the same mode of production with the corresponding vowel, is at any rate only very slightly different from it; w is virtually an oo which is abbreviated into a mere prefix to another vowel, a close position from which the organs by opening reach another vowel-sound; and a prolonged w is an oo. On the other hand, the semivowel w (like the semivowel y) can be only very imperfectly and indistinctly uttered after a vowel, and our w in that position is but another way of writing u; it is found only in the combinations aw, em, ow, which are equivalent to au, eu, ou; and as so used it could disappear from the language without any loss, but rather with profit. The semivowel sound w (including wh and qu, which is a way of writing kw: see under Q) is a not uncommon element of English utterance, being about 2⅓ per cent. of it (a little less than the spirant v). In many languages—for example, in all those that are descended from the Latin—the semivowel w tends to pass over into the spirant v-sound, and hence the spirant value of our v, which was the representative in Latin of the w-sound. In Anglo-Saxon a w stood and was pronounced also before r (and in a few words before l); in such words as write, wring, the character is retained, though the sound is lost. In Anglo-Saxon, also, the w was in many words pronounced with a preceding aspiration, the relic of an original prefixed guttural mute, and it was consistently and properly so written: for example, hwīt, white, hwǣr, where. In modern English the h has by an odd and unaccountable caprice had its place in writing changed to after the w (perhaps by analogy with the similar blunder shown in writing rh in Latin for the Greek aspirated r, or hr, or by a blind conformity with the frequent initial digraphs th, ph, sh). There is dispute among phonetists at present as to the true character of this wh-sound, some maintaining that it is not a w with preceding aspiration, but a surd counterpart to w, standing related to it as, for example, an f to a v, or an s to a z. This view rests in part, probably, on some actual difference of utterance, but in part also on unfamiliarity with the real (wh;) for in England the aspiration is now very generally omitted, and when, white, etc., are pronounced as wen, wite, etc. It admits of no question, however, that when, for example, is related to hoo-en precisely as wen to oo-en, the difference in each case consisting in an aspiration prefixed respectively to the vowel and semivowel—just as, correspondingly, hew (which shows an h prefixed to the English “long u” sound, or yoo) is related to hē-oo precisely as ewe to ē-oo: the h being here, as everywhere else (see H), uttered through the same position of the mouth-organs as the following sound. W is sometimes silent, not only as initial before r (see above), but elsewhere, as in two, sword, answer, etc. It is never doubled. The assimilating influence of a w (whether written with w or with u in the combination qu) in a following a -sound is very marked, giving the a in many words the short sound of o , as in what, squad, etc., or the broad sound of a (â), as in war, quart, thwart, etc.
    • w As a symbol:
    • w In chem., the symbol for tungsten (NL. wolframium).
    • w In hydrodynamics, the symbol for the component of the velocity parallel to the axis of Z.
    • w As an abbreviation:
    • w of west;
    • w of western;
    • w of William;
    • w of Wednesday;
    • w of Welsh;
    • w of warden;
    • w of week.
    • n w In printing, an abbreviation of wrong font: a mark on the margin of a proof, calling attention to the fact that the letter or letters, etc., opposite differ from the rest in size or face.
    • n w An abbreviation of Worthy Grand, prefixed to various titles of office among Free-masons and similar orders: as, W. G. C. (Worthy Grand Chaplain or Conductor).
    • n w An abbreviation of writer to the signet. See signet.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ferris wheels are names after George W. Ferris who built the first one in Chicago in 1893.
    • W the twenty-third letter of our alphabet, like æ, a ligature rather than a letter, with a double value, as consonant and as vowel—when the sound is voiced we have w, as in 'we' or 'wen,' the corresponding unvoiced sound being wh, as in 'when,' 'what.' A final w is vocalic, as in 'few.' The A.S. hw has become wh; cw has become qu as in queen, from A.S. cwén; while w is occasionally intrusive, as in whole, from A.S. hál.
    • ***

Quotations

  • J. P. Mcevoy
    J. P. Mcevoy
    “Life is just a dirty four-letter word: W-O-R-K.”

Usage

In literature:

Berkeley county, W. Va., census (1830), 55, 56; militia of, 164.
"Chronicles of Border Warfare" by Alexander Scott Withers
W. J. W. KLASE, private, mustered in Aug. 14, 1862; mustered out with company May 24, 1863.
"War from the Inside" by Frederick L. (Frederick Lyman) Hitchcock
W Manter, 2; dam of Lake Stanton, 1.
"Geographic Variation in the Harvest Mouse, Reithrodontomys megalotis, On the Central Great Plains And in Adjacent Regions" by J. Knox Jones
GILCHRIST, W. W. 1909.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
A. Pickler, W. B. Lucas and E. W. Martin; the Hons.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
SIR W.: We had intended staying but an hour or two.
"The Strand Magazine, Volume V, Issue 25, January 1893" by Various
Collector, W. O. Emerson.
"The Bird Book" by Chester A. Reed
Ball, W. M.; A. H. Barbor, S. W.; J. R. Hagan, J. W. Past Masters: John H. Fisher, M. E. Church, G. T. Mankin, Dr. Geo.
"A Virginia Village" by Charles A. Stewart
The wages of a F. C. are C., W. and O.
"Masonic Monitor of the Degrees of Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason" by George Thornburgh
G. S. T. W. H. Penn, Fusor, 1717.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
Alexandrian Library, N. W.'s views on its destruction, 4.
"Noah Webster" by Horace E. Scudder
He tried to wave cheerfully to G. W., but the effort caused him to faint, and G. W. started away, trying to comprehend what he had heard.
"A Little Dusky Hero" by Harriot T, Comstock
W. W. GARDNER, Chanute, Neosho county: Has lived in Kansas thirteen years.
"The Apple" by Various
Devonshire, England, 11 m. W.S.W.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
And in none of these acts of violence was the I. W. W. in any way a participant.
"The Everett massacre" by Walker C. Smith
A. W. H. Gill, 14 N. Y. W. W. McCarty, 18 Ohio.
"In and Out of Rebel Prisons" by Lieut. A. [Alonzo] Cooper
COBLENTZ, W. W.: 1909, Notiz ueber eine der Feuerfliege herruehrende fluorenzierende Substanz.
"The Nature of Animal Light" by E. Newton Harvey
By W. W. JACOBS, Author of 'Many Cargoes.
"Evolution" by Frank B. Jevons
It was addressed to "S. W.," that is, Mrs. Wheatley.
"The Negro in Literature and Art in the United States" by Benjamin Brawley
Edited by ANDREW LANG and W. A. CRAIGIE.
"Here and Hereafter" by Barry Pain
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In poetry:

Sezzi, "Well, owye kumminup?
I spose yehnomee still?"
'E grabsme betha 'andansiz,
"W'y owsheegoinbil?"
"The Lingothatweuze" by C J Dennis
W—— thinks so much of X——,
Y—— says Z——'s lips are down!
And now I've told you all the news
There is around the town.
"Gossip!" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Zoo let me never bring 'ithin
My dwellèn what's a-won by wrong,
An' can't come in 'ithout a sin;
Vor only zee how long
The waggon marks in drong, did show
Wï' leaves, wi' grass, wi' groun' wi' snow.
"The Wheel Routs" by William Barnes
I don' mean to be complainin', but I 's jes' a-settin' down
Some o' my own obserwations, w'en I cas' my eye eroun'.
Ef you ax me fu' to prove it, I ken do it mighty fine,
Fu' dey ain't no bettah 'zample den dis ve'y wife o' mine.
"The Turning Of The Babies In The Bed" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Is dat a voice, so far away, it die upon ma hear?
Or only win' was foolin' me, an' w'isperin' "Belzemire?"
Yaas, yaas, Ubalde, your Belzemire she 's
prayin' hard for you-
An' den again de lightning come, but w'ere 's
de red canoe?
"The Red Canoe" by William Henry Drummond
All alone: de neares' shaintee, over ten mile down de reever--
An' might be only yesterday, I’member it so well--
W'en I’m comin' home wan morning affer trappin' on de beaver,
An' ma wife is sayin', "Hurry, go an' fetch Ma-dame Labelle."
"Pioneers" by William Henry Drummond

In news:

From left, Margie Starliper, Gretchen Munson and Tim Fox, members of the Pleasant View Community Center Association, handle apple butter sales Saturday at the 39th annual Apple Butter Festival in Berkeley Springs, W.Va.
1620 W Main St Richmond, Va.
W e would look up into the sky," remembers Isabel Toledo, "and see this beautiful temple.
W i ld Atlantic salmon returns to North America are disappointingly low this year, especially in the rivers of Maine.
The SUNY ATTAIN Lab, at the Doris W Jones Family Resource Building.
Garth's Antiques and Auction House 3930 W Navy Blvd 456-7192 garthsauction.com.
3601 N Belt W, Belleville, IL 62226.
1300 W Sunset Road Suite 2423, Henderson, NV 89014 (Directions).
135 W 42nd St, New York, NY, 10036 nr.
The American Red Cross and W.W.
In an effort to help those impacted by Superstorm Sandy, S&B Burger Joint, 20 N W. May, has partnered up with Iguana Mexican Grill, 9 N.W.
Andy Warhol gets his 15 billionth minute of fame at W.O.W.
View full size Spillover, W.W. Norton, 587 pp.
Magellan Jets and W South Beach Hotel & Residences have partnered up to offer a new luxury package combining the W's VIP suites and access to charter flights.
Watch the WPTV Allen West and Patrick Murphy debate beginning at 8 p.m. CINCINNATI — The Edward W Scripps Trust, which has controlled The E.W.
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In science:

A(w)G(1 − wT )−1F f = wA(w)Gg = wh(w) = w (F f )(w) = B (w)f − A(w)H f .
A note on interpolation in the generalized Schur class
For w ∈ W we denote by |w| the characteristic polynomial of w in the reflection representation of W . (A product of cyclotomic polynomials Φd .) In the cases that appear below, |w| determines uniquely w up to conjugacy.
Rationality properties of unipotent representations
Furthermore, for all w ∈ S w + w = w2 + w2 = (w + w)w = w2 = w , so S is additively idempotent.
On finite congruence-simple semirings
Pw∈W (G,T ) sgn(w)Uw(λ+δ) Vλ = Pw∈W (G,T ) sgn(w)Uw(λ+δ)−δ Pw∈W (G,T ) sgn(w)Uw(δ)−δ Pw∈W (G,T ) sgn(w)Uw(δ) So far we have seen three constructions of the irreducible representations of G, of increasing generality.
Quantum Field Theory and Representation Theory: A Sketch
KD (S a w, w′ ∈ W such that y ′′ , w′ are large enough and w ≥ w♭ y ′−1 , the 1-st pro jection is a proper map w Z≤y ∩ (w ′ T × Sφ,≤y′ ) → Sφ,≤y′′ (as for Lemma 4.2.(iii)).
Induced and simple modules of double affine Hecke algebras
Let us now define: [H+ (w, a)]n [H− (w, a)]n′ + , Zn,n′ = * Xw∈F /a where H+ (w, a) := H+ (F ∩ B (w, a)) and H− (w, a) := H− (F ∩ B (w, a)) are respectively the harmonic measure contents of the same ball B (w, a) on “left”or “right” sides of the random fractal.
Conformal Fractal Geometry and Boundary Quantum Gravity
Any coset in W/WJ contains a unique element w∗ of minimal length, and for any w′ ∈ WJ , we have l(w∗w′ ) = l(w∗ ) + l(w′ ).
Geometric Crystals on Schubert Varieties
Moreover, V = W ⊕ N is a direct sum of GC structures. (b) Consider the natural isomorphism ψ : W ⊕ Ann(N ) → W ⊕ W ∗ , given by (w, f ) 7→ (w, f (cid:12)(cid:12)W ).
Submanifolds of generalized complex manifolds
Then, eg reduce(R)+ = {w′ |(∃w)(w ∈ R+ ∧ w′ = w − U ∧ ¬(∃w1 )(w1 ∈ R+ ∧ (w1 − U ) ⊂ w′ ))} ∪ {w′ |(∃hv , xi)(hv , xi ∈ RM ∧ w′ = v − U ∧ x − W =
An Extended Generalized Disjunctive Paraconsistent Data Model for Disjunctive Information
W and f , g ∈ W , and of the alternating bilinear form such that (W |W ) = 0 = (W ∗ |W ∗ ) and (f |x) = −(x|f ) = f (x) for any x ∈ W and f ∈ W ∗ .
New simple Lie superalgebras in characteristic 3
Xi (w)) where Xi (w) = hi If X1 (w), X2 (w) ∈ Isp (< w >) for each w ∈ W , then (X1 , X2 ) ∈ µIsp .
Integration in valued fields
That p integrates to 1 and is the density of a variate W ∗ which satisfies (4) follows by uniqueness (see the remarks following Definition 1.1), and by applying Fubini’s theorem separately to E [f ′ (W ∗ ); W ∗ ≥ 0] and E [f ′ (W ∗ ); W ∗ < 0], using E [W ; W > w] = −E [W ; W ≤ w], which follows from EW = 0.
Stein's method and the zero bias transformation with application to simple random sampling
If w is a continuity point of the distribution function of a symmetric W , then E [W ; W > w] = E [−W ; −W > w] = −E [W ; W < −w] = E [W ; W > −w] using EW = 0.
Stein's method and the zero bias transformation with application to simple random sampling
One can show that if ( ˆW , ˆW ′ ) has distribution ( ˆw − ˆw′ )2 d ˆF ( ˆw , ˆw′ ) = E (W − W ′ )2 dF ( ˆw , ˆw′ ), then with U a uniform variate on [0,1], independent of all other variables, U ˆW + (1 − U ) ˆW ′ has the W -zero bias distribution.
Stein's method and the zero bias transformation with application to simple random sampling
E(Tw f )(z ′ )(Tw f )(z ′′ ) = e−z ′w−z ′′w e−|w |2 Ef (w + z ′ )f (w + z ′′ ) = e−z ′w−z ′′w e−|w |2 e(w+z ′ )(w+z ′′ ) = ez ′ z ′′ = Ef (z ′ )f (z ′′ ) .
Transportation to random zeroes by the gradient flow
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