Viking

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Viking any of the Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of Europe from the 8th to the 11th centuries
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Vikings, after killing their enemies, used their skulls as drinking vessels
    • n Viking One belonging to the pirate crews from among the Northmen, who plundered the coasts of Europe in the eighth, ninth, and tenth centuries.Viking differs in meaning from sea king, with which it is frequently confounded. “The sea king was a man connected with a royal race, either of the small kings of the country, or of the Haarfager family, and who, by right, received the title of king as soon he took the command of men, although only of a single ship's crew, and without having any land or kingdom . . . Vikings were merely pirates, alternately peasants and pirates, deriving the name of viking from the vicks wicks, or inlets, on the coast in which they harbored with their long ships or rowing galleys.” "Of grim Vikings , and the rapture
      Of the sea fight, and the capture,
      And the life of slavery."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The dragons and other monsters that graced the bows of the Viking ships were so fierce-looking that a law was passed in Iceland ordering the skipper of any Viking ship to remove the figurehead before entering port.
    • n Viking A rover or sea-robber belonging to one of the prodatory bands of Northmen who infosted the European seas during the eighth, ninth, and tenth centuries and made various settlements in the British Islands, France, etc. Viking has been frequently identified with sea-king, but the latter was a man connected with a royal race, who took by right the title of king when he assumed the command of men, although only of a ship's crew, whereas the former name is applicable to any member of the rover bands.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At the turn of the last millennium, Dublin Ireland had the largest slave market in the world, run by the Vikings.
    • n Viking vī′king one of the piratical Northmen who in the 8th, 9th, and 10th centuries ravaged the coasts of western Europe
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Icel. vīkingr, fr. vīk, a bay, inlet
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ice. víkingr, (lit.) 'a creeker'—víkr (Swed. vik, Eng. wick), a bay, and -ingr=Eng. -ing.

Usage

In literature:

King Harald's fine ships were scarred by viking stones and scorched by viking fire.
"Viking Tales" by Jennie Hall
It's an adventure, Peterson, and one which any viking, like yourself, ought to relish.
"The Lady and the Pirate" by Emerson Hough
Frithiof was a Norwegian hero, grandson of Viking, who was the largest and strongest man of his time.
"Famous Tales of Fact and Fancy" by Various
He had the Viking spirit, and he burnt with a freebooter's passion for the sea.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
Western Europe had a brief respite at times when the Vikings fought amongst themselves.
"Famous Sea Fights" by John Richard Hale
A Story of the Viking Age.
"Slow and Sure" by Horatio Alger
I have no doubt that this fashion of seat is as old as the time of the Vikings.
"Northern Travel" by Bayard Taylor
And there was something dignified about him, bearded and like a Viking, that made it hard for us to begin.
"New Treasure Seekers" by E. (Edith) Nesbit
Then came the Vikings.
"The Little Manx Nation - 1891" by Hall Caine
He went back to the hotel for his case of instruments, and then went on board of the Viking with his patient.
"Asiatic Breezes" by Oliver Optic
Under the great viking, Hastings, a large force of them landed in Kent, and prepared to ravage the country.
"A Treasury of Heroes and Heroines" by Clayton Edwards
I saw him "down" a man at the Cross once, a big man with a viking beard, dark brown, from which you would have looked for manliness.
"The House with the Green Shutters" by George Douglas Brown
I know I've got Viking blood in me, the sea chatter comes so natural to me.
"Gold Out of Celebes" by Aylward Edward Dingle
Tall, blue-eyed, golden-haired Richard the Viking, had a simple view of his father's Empire.
"Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln" by Charles L. Marson
Perhaps this very seat was the throne of an old viking!
"The Land of Thor" by J. Ross Browne
The Vikings that came up from the sea were greater in number by far than the warriors of Sigmund.
"Told by the Northmen:" by E. M. [Ethel Mary] Wilmot-Buxton
His face was stern, his red hair long about the ears, his Viking mustache long-drooping at the corners of his mouth.
"The Flockmaster of Poison Creek" by George W. Ogden
What were those old Vikings but thick-hided bulls that delighted in nothing so much as goring each other?
"The Galaxy" by Various
The wife of the dead viking could turn to the living victor with a smile.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
The religion of the Vikings was the converse of their courage.
"The Origins and Destiny of Imperial Britain" by J. A. Cramb
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In poetry:

And the fleets of all the world
Salute him as they pass-
Viking of Seas empearled,
The Warrior, Alcatraz.
"Alcatraz" by Ina Donna Coolbrith
Is the beauty of her smiling,
Pale and cold and clear --
What, oh, fearful, dying Viking,
Doth the maiden here?
"The Deserted Fylgia" by Alice Cary
They wiped out all that they could find
Of beauty and strength and worth,
But they could not wipe out the Viking's Wind
That brings the ships from the North.
"The Pirates in England" by Rudyard Kipling
This mighty Viking was the Night;
He sailed about the earth,
And called the merry harvest-time
To sing him songs of mirth;
And all on earth or in the sea
To melody gave birth.
"A Harvest Song" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
But as you seem and as yourself you are
(The faun's love that the viking's longing tinges),
We welcome you, no lock is left nor bar,—
You bring along the door and both the hinges.
"Holger Drachmann" by Bjornstjerne Bjornson
That belonged, 'tis said, to the bold Viking chief,
And her aged mother could find no relief;
And she cursed the Cronberg family in accents wild,
For the loss of her darling, beautiful child.
"A Tale of Elsinore" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Patriots and Vikings Look to Finish 2011 Season with Winning Records.
Randy Moss' tenure with the Minnesota Vikings produced an.
Why are the Vikings 3-1.
A Life (Waterstone's Special Edition) by Claire Tomalin, with an appendix of selected letters by Dickens London: Viking, 542 pp.
Vikings' Brian Robison expects game to be 'a little chippy '.
Coyler, Vikings capture fourth place in 2A.
Hammond and his team outlasted the Vikings, winning 14-6.
Vikings close season with hard-fought loss.
The Viking Project / NASA.
A photo of Mars from NASA's Viking spacecraft, which launched in 1975.
The exterior of the four-seat Navy S-3B Viking was marked with "Navy 1" in the back and "George W. Bush Commander-in-Chief " just below the cockpit window.
Once led by ex-Viking Stu Voigt, the bank ran afoul of the FDIC.
US PresswireBears RB Matt Forte and Vikings DE Jared Allen are clear-cut favorites for an all-NFC North team.
When the Gallia Academy Blue Devils and Vinton County Vikings meet Friday night at Memorial Field in Gallipolis, both teams will be looking to build on wins from a week ago.
Vikings @ Bears NFL Football.
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In science:

The use of this visible manifestation of the vector nature of the electromagnetic field can be tracked down all the way to the Vikings.
Angular Momentum of Electromagnetic Radiation. Fundamental physics applied to the radio domain for innovative studies of space and development of new concepts in wireless communications
Therefore VIKING is probably more likely to yield z ∼ 8 quasars than VHS.
The Canada-France High-z Quasar Survey: nine new quasars and the luminosity function at redshift 6
Fig. 4 Chain of dependencies for the final multi-band catalog which joins observations for KiDS ugri bands and VIKING ZYJHKS bands.
The Data Zoo in Astro-WISE
Second, the VIKING tiles, photometrically and astrometrically calibrated stacked imaging, is mapped onto the common data model.
The Data Zoo in Astro-WISE
This allows to application of homogeneous source extraction (e.g., matched aperture photometry, dual-image mode, etc.) and modelling (e.g., GALFIT and GALPHOT ) on galaxies in KiDS and VIKING data.
The Data Zoo in Astro-WISE
Only then can research requiring comparison of KiDS and VIKING data at the pixel level (e.g., galaxy colormaps) be performed.
The Data Zoo in Astro-WISE
The KiDS and VIKING data must be calibrated using a single photometric reference system and astrometric reference system and pro jection.
The Data Zoo in Astro-WISE
Shapiro time-delay measurements using Viking spacecraft yielded agreement with GR to 0.1 percent, and VLBI light deflection measurements have reached 0.02 percent.
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
The best limits on ˙G/G still come from ranging measurements to the Viking landers and Lunar laser ranging measurements [55, 153, 96].
The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment
By analyzing the NASA, s Viking ranging data, Anderson, Laing, Lau et al. concluded that the anomalous acceleration does not act on the body of large mass such as the Earth and Mars.
Dynamics of Gravitomagnetic Charge
These values are similar to those obtained by solar-system experiments such as laser ranging to the Viking Lander on Mars (e.g., [116, 67]).
Testing General Relativity with Pulsar Timing
Combining the above limits on η from LLR and laboratory WEP tests with the Viking and VLBI results for γ gives |β − 1| < 0.0005, the limit given by .
Improving LLR Tests of Gravitational Theory
Combining the above limits on η from LLR and laboratory WEP tests with the Viking and VLBI results for γ gives |β − 1| < 0.0005, the limit given by .
35 Years of Testing Relativistic Gravity: Where do we go from here?
Reasenberg, R. D. et al. “Viking relativity experiment: Verification of signal retardation by solar gravity,” Astrophys. J.
New Concept for Testing General Relativity: The Laser Astrometric Test of Relativity (LATOR) Mission
Due to a microwave link to the Mars explorer one could measure the time needed for a signal to propagate from Earth to the Viking satellite and back.
General Relativity in Space and Sensitive Tests of the Equivalence Principle
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