Viburnum

Definitions

  • Viburnum Tinus, L
    Viburnum Tinus, L
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Viburnum deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees: arrow-wood; wayfaring tree
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Viburnum Tomentosum, Thunb Viburnum Tomentosum, Thunb
Viburnum Tomentosum, Thunb., Var. Plicatum, Maxim Viburnum Tomentosum, Thunb., Var. Plicatum, Maxim

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Viburnum (Bot) A genus of shrubs having opposite, petiolate leaves and cymose flowers, several species of which are cultivated as ornamental plants, as the laurestine and the guelder-rose.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n viburnum A genus of gamopetalous plants, of the order Caprifoliaceæ and tribe Sambuceæ. It resembles the related genus Sambucus, the elder, in its corymbose or thyrsoid inflorescence, but is distinguished by the absence of any pinnately parted leaves. There are about 80 species, natives of the northern hemisphere and of the Andes, with a few species elsewhere in the southern hemisphere and in Madagascar. They are shrubs or small trees, usually with opposite branchlets and large naked buds. The leaves are petioled and opposite, or rarely whorled in threes; they are entire, serrate or dentate, rarely lobed. The white or pinkish corymbs of flowers are somewhat umbelled or panicled, and are axillary or terminal; the flowers are usually wheelshaped, with five equal lobes, and a one- to three-celled ovary becoming in fruit a dry or fleshy ovoid or globose drupe usually one-celled and containing a single compressed and deeply furrowed seed. The fruit is edible but insipid in V. Lentago, acid in V. Opulus, astringent in others, in which it is said, however, to be edible after fermentation, and to have been made into cakes by the North American Indians. In several species, forming the section Opulus (also peculiar in its scaly buds), the marginal flowers, of a broad flat inflorescence, are enlarged and sterile. (See cuts under hobble-bush and neutral, and compare guelder-rose and snowball.) In the five other sections the flowers are all alike, and the winter buds, unlike most plants of temperate regions, are without scales. In a few Himalayan and Chinese species (the section Solenotinus) the flowers are tubular, elongated, and panicled, and in a few others funnelform. Three species occur in Europe, of which V. Tinus is the laurustinus, a winter-flowering shrub of southern Europe, in Corsica forming large forests, often cultivated for its ornamental evergreen leaves, white blossoms, and dark-blue berries. V. Opulus, the cranberrytree or high cranberry, in England also known as white dogwood, marsh- or water-elder, and gaiter-tree, is widely diffused through the north of both continents; in Norway it is used for the manufacture of small wooden articles, of spirits, and of a yellow dye. For the other European species, V. Lantana, see wayfaring-tree. Fourteen species occur within the United States: 11 in the northeast; the others, V. ellipticum near the Pacific, V. densiflorum and V. obovatum near the South Atlantic coast; V. acerifolium extends north to Fort Yukon, V. pauciflorum to Sitka. Two American species, V. Lentago and V. prunifolium, become small trees. The bark of several species is used in the United States as a domestic remedy, and the inner bark of V. Lantana is esteemed a vesicant in England. A beverage known as Appalachian tea is sometimes made from the leaves of V. cassinoides, an early-flowering, thick-leafed species of American swamps. Several species are known as arrow-wood, chiefly V. dentatum in the north, V. molle in the south, V. ellipticum in California. The species are somewhat widely known by the generic name, especially V. acerifolium, the maple-leafed viburnum, or dockmackie. The sweet viburnum is V. Lentago (for which see sheepberry). V. nudum is known as withe-rod, V. prunifolium as black haw or stag-bush, and V. lantanoides as hobble-bush or American wayfaring-tree. The preceding are among the most ornamental of native American shrubs, admired for their white flowers, usually compact habit, and handsome foliage, also for their fruit, a bright blue-black in V. prunifolium, V. pubescens, and V. acerifolium, blue in V. dentatum and V. molle, and bright-red in V. Opulus; that of V. Lantana is an orange-red turning dull-black. Garden varieties produced by cultivation from V. Opulus are the snowball, or guelder-rose, and the rose-elder. V. rugosum of the Canaries, V. tomentosum (V. plicatum) of northern China, and V. cotinifolium of Nepāl, are also esteemed ornamental shrubs.
    • n viburnum [lowercase] A plant of this genus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Viburnum vī-bur′num a genus of plants of the order Caprifoliaceæ, the species being shrubs with simple leaves, natives chiefly of the northern parts of the world
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., the wayfaring tree
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L., 'the wayfaring tree.'

Usage

In literature:

A teaspoonful of the fluid extract of viburnum will sometimes act like a charm.
"Searchlights on Health" by B. G. Jefferis and J. L. Nichols
Vaccineaceae, four species of Begoniae, a Viburnum.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
Viburnum lentago, which grows in the river valleys here naturally, is doing finely.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
A teaspoonful of the fluid extract of viburnum will sometimes act like a charm.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
Sweet viburnum White Cold swamps; New England woods.
"Harper's Young People, May 18, 1880" by Various
Viburnum Opulus and V. Opulus sterile (Snowball tree).
"Trees and Shrubs for English Gardens" by Ernest Thomas Cook
Viburnums of many kinds.
"The Practical Garden-Book" by C. E. Hunn
It is the Dockmackie, or the Maple-leaved Viburnum.
"Woodcraft" by Alan Douglas
Many trees retain their classical names, which have become the generic botanical ones, as acacia, ailanthus, and viburnum.
"Trees Worth Knowing" by Julia Ellen Rogers
Spindling, rusty Snowberry bushes were by the gate, and Snowballs also, or our native Viburnums.
"Old-Time Gardens" by Alice Morse Earle
We followed a dim path fringed with white-thorn and sprays of sweet viburnum blossoms.
"Everyday Adventures" by Samuel Scoville
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In poetry:


And the night-blooming flowers open,
open in the same hour I remember those I love.
In the middle of the viburnums
the twilight butterflies have appeared.
"Night-Blooming Jasmine" by Giovanni Pascoli
The ivy, hop, viburnum, which around
This ruin gather, all to them unknown
Whether 'twas Silvan, Pan, Hermes or Faun,
Its maimed front their twining horns have found.
"On a Broken Marble" by Jose Maria de Heredia y Giraud

In news:

View full size Marci Degman The Oregon native Rhododendron macrophyllum, with Viburnum tinus, '€˜Spring Bouquet,'€™ in the background help create a privacy screen in front of a doorway.
He freaks out, scurries up to me, crawls into the hole I'm digging for a viburnum.
Choose Viburnums to block an unpleasant view.
I was taking water to the ewes and lambs mid-day and I looked up to see this swarm of plant material and whatever else was in it- swirl around a viburnum.
I was taking water to the ewes and lambs mid-day and I looked up to see this swarm of plant material -and whatever else was in it- swirl around a viburnum.
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