Vesta

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Vesta the brightest asteroid but the fourth to be discovered
    • n Vesta (Roman mythology) goddess of the hearth and its fire whose flame was tended by vestal virgins; counterpart of Greek Hestia
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Vesta A wax friction match.
    • Vesta (Astron) An asteroid, or minor planet, discovered by Olbers in 1807.
    • Vesta (Rom. Myth) One of the great divinities of the ancient Romans, identical with the Greek Hestia. She was a virgin, and the goddess of the hearth; hence, also, of the fire on it, and the family round it.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Vesta One of the chief divinities of the ancient Romans, equivalent to the Greek Hestia, one of the twelve great Olympians, the virgin goddess of the hearth, presiding over both the private family altar and the central altar of the city, the tribe, or the race. She was worshiped along with the Penates at every meal, when the family assembled round the altar or hearth, which was in the center of the house. .Æneas was said to have carried the sacred fire (which was her symbol) from Troy, and brought it to Italy, and it was preserved at Rome by the state in the sanctuary of the goddess, which stood in the Forum. To guard this fire from becoming extinguished, it was watched and tended by six stainless virgins, called vestals. The Roman temples of Vesta were circular, preserving the form of the primitive huts of the Latin race, because it was in such a hut that the sacred fire was first tended by the young girls while their parents and brothers were absent in the chase or pasture-ground. See also cuts under hut-urn and monopteron.
    • n Vesta The fourth planetoid, discovered by Olbers, at Bremen, in 1807.
    • n Vesta [lowercase] A wax match which may be ignited by friction.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Vesta ves′ta among the Romans, the chaste goddess that presided over the family, in whose temple the sacred fire was continually kept burning: the fourth planetoid discovered in 1807: a match or waxlight
    • n Vesta in the ancient Roman religion, one of the six patrician virgins consecrated to Vesta: a virgin, a nun, a woman of spotless chastity
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Vesta, akin to Gr. "Esti`a Vesta, "esti`a the hearth of the house, and perhaps to Skr. ush, to burn (see East,), or perhaps to Skr. vas, to dwell, and E. was,

Usage

In literature:

Vesta Lorimer sat by, listening.
"North of Fifty-Three" by Bertrand W. Sinclair
He also selected virgins for Vesta, a priesthood derived from Alba, and not foreign to the family of the founder.
"The History of Rome, Books 01 to 08" by Titus Livius
December, it is generally believed, was consecrated to Saturn; others, however, think it was sacred to Vesta.
"The Mysteries of All Nations" by James Grant
VESTA was the daughter of Vesta the elder, by Saturn, and sister of Ceres, Juno, Pluto, Neptune and Jupiter.
"Roman Antiquities, and Ancient Mythology" by Charles K. Dillaway
I have lost my object, you know, Saint Vesta.
"Vesty of the Basins" by Sarah P. McLean Greene
Son of Uranus and Vesta, Saturn was the God of Time and Fate.
"Astronomy for Amateurs" by Camille Flammarion
Hither, all the people indiscriminately, a crowd both of matrons and of men, rush to meet him; they, too, Vesta!
"The Metamorphoses of Ovid" by Publius Ovidius Naso
Your aunt Vesta thought me mad, but I was never in better wits.
"Rosin the Beau" by Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards
These rites and services were in honor of Vesta, who was the goddess of Home.
"Romulus, Makers of History" by Jacob Abbott
The vesta burned out, and she threw it upon the ground.
"Hushed Up" by William Le Queux
In 1807 the persevering search of Olbers resulted in the discovery of another, with a very oblique orbit, which Gauss named Vesta.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
For that was she, Vesta Philbrook was she, and she was Vesta Philbrook.
"The Duke Of Chimney Butte" by G. W. Ogden
Vesta is the spirit of the hearth; each household had its Vesta, both in early and in later times.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
Vesta was beautiful too; you saw her travelling-dress, Aunt Marcia.
"Mrs. Tree" by Laura E. Richards
The door of a small closet here attracted the young man's attention; and striking a vesta, he opened it and entered.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 5 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
My mother used to tell me it was the temple of Vesta.
"Cecilia" by F. Marion Crawford
Our air-tanks got low and to replenish them, we landed on the asteroid Vesta.
"The World with a Thousand Moons" by Edmond Hamilton
The most important of all was Vesta; to permit her sacred flame to expire was one of the greatest of public calamities.
"Roman Women" by Alfred Brittain
Colvin lighted another vesta, and bent down.
"Aletta" by Bertram Mitford
Vesta was the old Roman goddess of hearth and home.
"Asteroid of Fear" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
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In poetry:

She continued:
'No incubus has crushed his body against me,
‘Though spirits are celebrated for adultery.
‘And I am going to the temple of Vesta . . .'
and so on.
"Homage To Sextus Propertius - X" by Ezra Pound
"With those rods they're scourging him,
Vesta! save my early love!
Oh! they tear him limb from limb;
Help him, gods, who reign above;
Mark! his large and bright blue eyes
Seek my face before he dies.
"The Vestal Virgin" by Eloise Alberta Bibb

In news:

The Best'a Vesta: Orbital Imagery Captures Asteroid's Towering Peak.
Vestas (Denmark) is currently the biggest global manufacturer of large wind turbines.
Vestas Lays Off Roughly 200 At Windsor Blade Plant.
The team behind the Vestas Sailrocket 2 describe it as behaving like a boat below water and a plane above.
Another setback for Vestas Sailrocket in record quest.
Let's Talk About: Spacecraft set to depart Vesta.
NASA's Dawn spacecraft has been closing in on the giant asteroid Vesta and giving the space agency a glimpse of the asteroid's surface.
Donations may be made in Vesta 's memory to Hospice of St Lawrence Valley, 6805 US Hwy 11, Potsdam, NY 13676.
Let's Talk About: Spacecraft set to depart Vesta .
Don Glays, executive director of the Memphis Area Home Builders Association, has three words to describe how the past few days of the Vesta Home Show have performed.
NASA images of the giant asteroid Vesta .
One person was killed and a 28-year-old Marshall man was injured after a head-on motor vehicle crash about 11 am Thursday along Minnesota Highway 19 west of Vesta .
The back-to-back pounding likely would have shattered any other asteroid, but Vesta somehow survived.
In the above image, a large cliff on Vesta 's surface can be seen.
Funeral services for Mrs Vesta Rouse, 90, of Spencer, will be held at 10:30 am Monday, Aug 20, 2012, at Grace United Methodist Church in Spencer.
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In science:

The gf-values of the iron lines were calculated from an inverted solar analysis using the Kurucz et al. (1984) Solar Flux Atlas and their spectrum of Vesta.
Asteroseismology of exoplanets host stars: the special case of $\iota$ Horologii (HD17051)
The next largest asteroids, Pallas and Vesta, with approximate diameters of 608 and 538 km respectively, appear moderately elongated in HST images.
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet?
Vesta (left) as imaged by HST (the lower image is a model based on the data).
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet?
Vesta (diameter = 538 km) is rocky and clearly nonspherical.
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet?
Mimas (middle image, from Cassini) is slightly smaller than Vesta (395 km) but icy and basically round, although gravity has not caused the huge Herschel crater to smooth out to the level of smaller craters.
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet?
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