• Diagram of brains of vertebrates
    Diagram of brains of vertebrates
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Vertebrated (Bot) Contracted at intervals, so as to resemble the spine in animals.
    • Vertebrated (Anat) Having a backbone, or vertebral column, containing the spinal marrow, as man, quadrupeds, birds, amphibia, and fishes.
    • Vertebrated (Zoöl) Having movable joints resembling vertebræ; -- said of the arms of ophiurans.
    • Vertebrated (Zoöl) Of or pertaining to the Vertebrata; -- used only in the form vertebrate.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • vertebrated Same as vertebrate, 1.
    • vertebrated Jointed, as the arms of starfishes, by means of vertebræ. See vertebra, 2, vertebral, a., 5, and ambulacral ossicles (under ambulacral).
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adjs Vertebrated furnished with joints: having a backbone
    • ***


  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    “Brave men are all vertebrates; they have their softness on the surface and their toughness in the middle.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vertebratus,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—vertĕre, to turn.


In literature:

All agree, that, while Vertebrates stand at the head of the Animal Kingdom, Radiates are lowest.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. IX., March, 1862., No. LIII." by Various
It is a serious thing to exterminate a species of any of the vertebrate animals.
"Our Vanishing Wild Life" by William T. Hornaday
In low forms of vertebrate animals like the fish and frog, the head is joined directly to the body, there being no neck.
"A Book of Exposition" by Homer Heath Nugent
The class of Vertebrate animals which suckle their young.
"The Ancient Life History of the Earth" by Henry Alleyne Nicholson
In vertebrate zoology Wilson kept an accurate record of birds, and he and Lillie another record of whales and dolphins.
"The Worst Journey in the World, Volumes 1 and 2" by Apsley Cherry-Garrard
It was only about six inches long, and was described as one of the oldest, if not the oldest, vertebrate fossils hitherto discovered.
"From John O'Groats to Land's End" by Robert Naylor and John Naylor
They make rapid estimate of the length of the vertebrate, and come to the conclusion how far they are in.
"Around The Tea-Table" by T. De Witt Talmage
But how is an adult worm or vertebrate formed out of such a gastrula?
"The Whence and the Whither of Man" by John Mason Tyler
We are all vertebrate animals; why seek to conceal the fact?
"Miss Cayley's Adventures" by Grant Allen
He is a vertebrate, and some of his traits, though not present in all animals, are universal among vertebrates.
"Psychology" by Robert S. Woodworth

In news:

Conserved Patterns of Cell Movements during Vertebrate Gastrulation.
Understanding how the parasite impacts frog populations is important because amphibians are the most threatened group of vertebrates in the world.
Decades after science discovered that animals can navigate using the earth's magnetic field, researchers isolate the first vertebrate cells containing magnetic iron.
Glypicans, a family of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked HSPGs, are expressed on axons and growth cones in vertebrates, but their role in axon guidance has not been determined.
In vertebrate mitosis, cohesion between sister chromatids is lost in two stages.
Conserved Patterns of Cell Movements during Vertebrate Gastrulation .
Hagfishes may not quite count as true modern vertebrates, because their bony skulls don't lead to bony vertebrae making up a backbone.
Wood calls hagfishes "ancient vertebrates" in honor of their status, currently under debate, as descendants of close relatives to the first fully backboned vertebrates.
The origin of all living vertebrates just got more mysterious.
Conventional spin echo MRI demonstrated the masses and the marrow of the adjacent vertebral body to have the same signal characteristics on all pulse sequences.
Study suggests choppers of vertebrates evolved along with, or soon after, jaws.
The Origins and Evolution of Vertebrate Metamorphosis .
The Origins and Evolution of Vertebrate Metamorphosis Current Biology, Volume 21, Issue 18, 27 September 2011, Pages R726-R737 Vincent LaudetSummary.
One-fifth of the vertebrates and as many as a third of all sharks and rays are now threatened with extinction.
More Than a Single Vertebral Misalignment .

In science:

The kinocilium (KC) is present in the hair bundles on non-mammalian vertebrates and contains an axoneme.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Non-mammalian vertebrates do not possess outer hair-cells.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Finally, the hair bundles of non-mammalian vertebrates contain in addition to many stereocilia a single cilium which contains an axoneme.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Despite its considerable cost, sexual reproduction it is still by far the most frequent mode of reproduction in vertebrates.
A Testing Framework for P Systems
Asexual reproduction has only been described in less than 0.1% of vertebrate species.
A Testing Framework for P Systems