Vermes

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n. pl Vermes (Zoöl) An extensive artificial division of the animal kingdom, including the parasitic worms, or helminths, together with the nemerteans, annelids, and allied groups. By some writers the branchiopods, the bryzoans, and the tunicates are also included. The name was used in a still wider sense by Linnæus and his followers.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • vermes Worms: formerly including animals resembling the common earthworm, but having no exact classifieatory sense, and hence no standing in zoölogy.
    • vermes The sixth and last division of animals in the Linnean “SystemaNaturæ”(1766), defined as consisting of those animals which have tentacles, cold white blood, and an inaurieulate unilocular heart, and comprising all animals which Linnæus did not dispose under the five other classes Mammalia, Aves, Amphibia, Pisces, and Insecta (or vertebrates and insects). This class Vermes was divided into five orders, Intestina, Mollusca, Testacea, Lithophyta, and Zoöphyta, comprising all invertebrates except insects, and was thus the waste-basket of Linnæus (as Radiata was of Cnvier).
    • vermes One of the eight primary divisions of the animal kingdom; a subkingdom or phylum, one of the leading types of animal life, comprising all those animals which have a body-cavity (Metazoa), no backbone (Invertebrata), normally an intestinal canal (which Cœlentera have not), not a radiate structure (which Echinodermata have), legs if any not jointed (they are always jointed in Arthropoda), and body vermiform if there are no legs. In this acceptation Vermes form a most comprehensive group, of great diversity of form, but agreeing in certain fundamental structural characters, being generally soft vermiform animals, oftenest segmented and bilaterally symmetrical, without limbs or with unjointed limbs. Vermes thus defined are approximately equivalent— in Lamarck's system (1801-1812), to a class of animals divided into the four orders Molles, Rigiduli, Hispiduli. and Epizoariæ (the last including lernæan crustaceans); in the Cuvierian classification (1817), to the whole of Cuvier's first class of Articulata (the annelids of Lamarck, or red-blooded worms with unjointed legs) plus his second and third classes of Radiata (Apoda and Entozoa), plus some of his fourth class of Radiata (some Polypi), plus his first order (Rotifera) of his fifth class of Radiata; in Huxley's classification (1869), to the classes Polyzoa, Scolecida, Annelida, Chætognatha, and therefore to his two subkingdoms, Annvloida and Annulosa, without the Echinodermata of the former, and without the Crustacea, Arachnida, Myriapoda. and Insecta of the latter; or, in other terms, to his Annvloida minus Echinodermata and plus the whole of the anarthropodous Anmdosa. Vermes as here defined have been divided into seven classes: Platyelmintha, with three orders, respectively the turbellarian. trematoid, and cestoid worms; Nematelmintha, with two orders, the nematoid and acanthocephalous worms—most of these two classes, excepting the Turbellaria, being entozoic or ectozoic parasites, as tapeworms, threadworms, etc.; Chætognatha, based on the single exceptional form Sagitta; Gephyrea (being Cuvier's second order of Echinodermata); Annelida, or ordinary segmented worms, with four orders —Hirudinea (leeches), Oliyochæta (earthworms, etc.), Polychæeta (lobworms, sea-mice, etc.), and Cephalobranchia (tubicolous worms, etc.); Rotifera, the wheel-animalcules; Polyzoa (by most naturalists now dissociated from Vermes). The tendency at present is to break up the unmanageable group and discard the name.
    • vermes [lowercase] Plural of vermis.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n.pl Vermes ver′mēz worms: the name given by Linnæus to one of the classes in his zoological system, in which he included all the invertebrate animals, other than Insecta, whether of worm-like form or not
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. vermes, pl. of vermis, a worm
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. vermis, a worm.

Usage

In literature:

Sicut in stagno generantur vermes, sic et otioso malae cogitationes.
"The Anatomy of Melancholy" by Democritus Junior
The Count del Verme tells me of a pendulum odometer for the wheel of a carriage.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
Quand dis que l'iver vas en quisto De mousco, verme, gran, tu que manges jamai.
"Social Life in the Insect World" by J. H. Fabre
On this account the animal was subsequently placed by Gegenbaur in a special class of Vermes, the Enteropneusta.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
Theer's only one o' the verming ahint the mound.
"The Wild Huntress" by Mayne Reid
This group is the "sub-kingdom" of Worms, VERMES.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, September 1879" by Various
De myrrha et aloe ponantur in dentem, ubi est vermis: semen caulis, et absinthium, per se vermes interficit.
"Folk-lore of Shakespeare" by Thomas Firminger Thiselton-Dyer
His first appearance as singer was at the Teatro dal Verme in Milan.
"Great Singers on the Art of Singing" by James Francis Cooke
The sixth class, that of VERMES or WORMS, is a very heterogeneous one, and to later authors has supplied materials for several classes.
"Lives of Eminent Zoologists, from Aristotle to Linnæus" by William MacGillivray
Thanks are also due L. J. Verme, J. P. Kelsall, and J. M. Peek for their helpful reviews.
"Ecological Studies of the Timber Wolf in Northeastern Minnesota" by L. David Mech
Vermes marini very large wormes digged a yarde deepe out of the sands at the ebbe for bayt.
"The Works of Sir Thomas Browne" by Thomas Browne
This assemblage would have been more correctly styled if instead of "Vermes" it had been described as "animals unsorted.
"Stories of the Universe: Animal Life" by B. Lindsay
The difference between the two branches of the Vermes lay in the nervous system.
"The Works of Francis Maitland Balfour, Volume 1" by Francis Maitland Balfour
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In news:

Mike Stobe/Getty Images Sporting Kansas City coach Peter Vermes has impressed many around the league with how well his team plays together, and how well they adjust to changing tactics.
Soccer always special to Sporting KC's Vermes .
Sporting KC coach Peter Vermes .
But two of the three did go out of their way to gush over Sporting KC manager Peter Vermes , and praise the work the hard-nosed New Jerseyan has done.
Vermes retired from his private practice in Columbus, Ohio in 1998.
Sporting Kansas City manager Peter Vermes used a makeshift lineup in Wednesday night's game at Seattle, and the subs stole a point in the standings with a 1-1 draw.
My attention has been drawn to your review article on the Dead Sea Scrolls of August 11, 1994, in which my book Jesus and the Riddle of the Dead Sea Scrolls was briefly dealt with by Geza Vermes.
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