V

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj v being one more than four
    • n V the 22nd letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n v the 22nd letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n V a unit of potential equal to the potential difference between two points on a conductor carrying a current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated between the two points is 1 watt; equivalent to the potential difference across a resistance of 1 ohm when 1 ampere of current flows through it
    • n V the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one
    • n V a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Some of the titles that were considered for the hit T.V. show "Friends" were Six Of One, Across the Hall, and Insomnia Cafe
    • V As a numeral, V stands for five, in English and Latin.
    • V V, the twenty-second letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal consonant. V and U are only varieties of the same character, U being the cursive form, while V is better adapted for engraving, as in stone. The two letters were formerly used indiscriminately, and till a comparatively recent date words containing them were often classed together in dictionaries and other books of reference (see U). The letter V is from the Latin alphabet, where it was used both as a consonant (about like English w) and as a vowel. The Latin derives it from a form (V) of the Greek vowel Υ (see Y), this Greek letter being either from the same Semitic letter as the digamma Fsee F), or else added by the Greeks to the alphabet which they took from the Semitic. Etymologically v is most nearly related to u w f b p; as in vine, wine; avoirdupois, habit, have; safe, save; trover, troubadour, trope. See U, F, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Approximately 87% of dog owners say that when they watch T.V. their dog curls up beside them or at their feet
    • v An abbreviation [l. c] of verb active
    • v [lowercase] of verbal adjective
    • v of Vicar Apostolic
    • v of Vice-Admiral
    • v of Victoria and Albert (Order of)
    • v [lowercase] of the Latin vixit annos, lived [so many] years.
    • n v An abbreviation of Vice-Chairman
    • n v of Vice-Chancellor.
    • n v An abbreviation of Vice-Lieutenant.
    • n v An abbreviation in electrotechnics, of voltmeter
    • n v of the Latin Veterinarius Medicus, veterinary physician.
    • n v An abbreviation of the Latin verbum neutrum, neuter verb.
    • n v An abbreviation of Very Worshipful.
    • v This character, the twenty-second in our alphabet, is (see U) the older form of the character U, having been long used equivalently with the latter, and only recently strictly distinguished from it as the representative of a different sound. The words beginning respectively with U and V, like those beginning with I and J, were, till not many years ago, mingled together in dictionaries. In our present practice, V represents always and in all situations a fricative sound, corresponding as sonant or voiced utterance to f as surd or breathed; it is the rustling made by forcing the intonated breath out between the surface of the lower lip and the edges of the upper front teeth, laid closely upon it. A purely labial v (as f: see F), made without aid from the teeth, is found in some languages. This sound is also almost the exclusive property of the v-sign; the number of words, as Stephen, nephew, in which it is written otherwise is extremely small, and in these words the ph is an etymological “restoration” (the old and normal English forms being Steven, nevew). It is a frequent element in our utterance, making on an average over two and a third per cent. of it (the f-sound only two per cent.). As initial, it is almost solely of Romanic (French-Latin) origin, altered in pronunciation from the semi-vowel or w-sound, which belonged to the same sign in Roman use (see W). At the end of a word (where, however, it is never written without a following e), it is found in many words of Germanic origin. often alternating with its surd counterpart f, as in wife, wives, half, halve, etc.
    • v As a Roman numeral, V stands for 5; with a dash over it (V), 5,000.
    • v [lowercase] An abbreviation of velocity (in physics); verb; verse; versus (in law); vert (in heraldry); vision (in medicine); of verte, violino, voce, and volta (in music); of ventral (fin), etc.
    • v The chemical symbol of vanadium.
    • n v A five-dollar bill: so called from the character V which is conspicuous upon it.
    • n v An abbreviation of Victoria cross.
    • n v An abbreviation, in book-catalogues, of various dates.
    • n v An abbreviation of verb intransitive.
    • n v An abbreviation of vice-president.
    • n v In music, an abbreviation of volti subito.
    • n v An abbreviation of veterinary surgeon.
    • v The abbreviation, used in this work, of verb transitive.
    • n v An abbreviation in book-catalogues of various years.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Dentyne gum was invented in 1899 by a druggist from New York named Franklin V. Canning
    • V the twenty-second letter of our alphabet, a differentiated form of U—in sound it is a labio-dental and closely related to F. As a Roman numeral V=5;
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Usage

In literature:

Indeed, if anyone has earned the V.C., Father Gleeson has.
"The Irish at the Front" by Michael MacDonagh
On the other hand, Charles V.'s policy was not merely negative.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 8" by Various
Head V-shaped, viewed from above.
"Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises of the Western North Atlantic" by Stephen Leatherwood
V. Pray for us, ye Fourteen Holy Helpers.
"Mary, Help of Christians" by Various
See, for history, introduction to V.V.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
These poems he attributed, erroneously, as has since been proved, to Barbour (q.v.).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
I had heard of, and of its members, always called V.A.D.
"The Sword of Deborah" by F. Tennyson Jesse
Amadeus, elected "Pope Felix V.," ii.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
V. V. ventral vessel.
"Journal of Entomology and Zoology" by Various
In book v. the Roman conqueror describes his campaign against Indutiomarus and the Treviri in the Ardenne forest.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
A useful rough rule is t/d = v/1900.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 6" by Various
Three of the new V.C.
"With our Fighting Men" by William E. Sellers
Parasitology, v, p. 122-126.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
If its potential as observed there is -V (volts), then the potential of the air at the spot occupied by the sphere was +V.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
James V. appointed him tutor to his natural son.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
Volumes III-V, 1856, 1856, and 1860, are first editions.
"A Catalogue of Books in English Later than 1700 (Vol 3 of 3)" by Various
The same may, perhaps, be said of books v. and vi.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 6" by Various
This leads to v^3 + z^3 + r = 0 and 3vz + q = 0.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 7" by Various
His prime minister was Count V. Fossombroni (q.v.).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 3" by Various
C: V. < 1/7 to V 1/12.
"Schweigger on Squint" by C. Schweigger
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In poetry:

V. Let go! and shouldst thou near his breast
Still haply view
Thy mistress still its idol guest,
There rest thee too.
"Le Souhait Dangereux" by Sydney Owenson
Trava je v soncu vsa rdeca.
Imaš dogmaticne cokle?
Bicikel samuje na jesenski cesti.
Voziš se skozi umirajoco krajino.
"Jesenska Pokrajina" by Srecko Kosovel
A ferly strife fel them betwene,
As they went bi the way;
Litull Johne seid he had won v shyllyngs,
And Robyn Hode seid schortly nay.
"Robin Hood And The Monk" by Andrew Lang
Just thoughts of her is music sweet,
Dear A. V.: Oh be still my heart;
And darling with what joy it speaks,
Oh, how it makes my senses start.
"Love and Fear Contest" by Frank Barbour Coffin
V. 'Tis said oppression taught the lay
To him—(of all the "sons of song"
That bask'd in Erin's brighter day)
The last of the inspir'd throng;
"The Irish Harp" by Sydney Owenson
V. And yet hadst thou still been that lover,
That all I hoped to find in thee,
I ne'er had turn'd a careless rover,
I ne'er had been thus idly free.
"L'Amant Mutin" by Sydney Owenson

In news:

Manchester City v Real Madrid Posted: Nov 20, 2012 Find out what's to come as Manchester City hosts Real Madrid on Wednesday.
East girls v'ball braces for Benet .
Brit helmer Stephen Frears and scribe D.V.
Letter by Constance V. Walden, University Place on Sep 21, 2012 at 3:18 pm with 127 Comments.
The headline was "A Grand Day for Bobby V," and it was in anticipation of Bobby Valentine's 1,000th victory as a manager.
With Halloween weekend hanging like a specter over the heads of I.V.
Payment Type: MC, V Cuisine: Home-style cooking.
In China, a perennial T.V.
V & M Projects Bolstering Business in Girard.
Yet another chapter in the saga of Bob Toussie v Bank of Smithtown and its CEO Brad Rock was filed earlier this week in New York State Supreme Court in Brooklyn.
But when the V and W bow out of the system on June 27, it will be the first time the MTA has killed off subway lines because of budget woes since the 1970s.
F, V at Lower East Side-Second Ave.
The army v private military companies.
Another 300hp Mustang And so Ford ups its game: Embarrassed long enough by a Camaro whose V-6 nearly topples the Ford V-8's power rating, the Blue Oval gang strikes back in 2011 with its 305hp, all-aluminum Duratec DOHC Ti-VCT V-6.
Bezeau v Palace Sports & Entertainment Inc, Justice Elizabeth A Weaver, Karaczewski v Farbman Stein & Co.
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In science:

Thus ˜̺ |V ⊗r⊗W ⊗V ⊗s : V ⊗r ⊗ W ⊗ V ⊗s −→ V ⊗r−k ⊗ Z ⊗ V ⊗s−l . (b) There is a one-to-one correspondence between maps σ : T W V −→ T Z V making diagram (4.1) commute and systems of maps {̺k,l : V ⊗k ⊗ W ⊗ V ⊗l −→ Z }k≥0,l≥0 , given by σ = Pk≥0,l≥0 g̺k,l .
Infinity-Inner-Products on A-Infinity-Algebras
If (v , v ′ ) is a valid positively directed edge in T then hT (v ′ ) − hT (v) = 1; otherwise, hT (v ′ ) − hT (v) = −2 and thus hT (v ′ ) − hT (v) takes the same value modulo 3 whether (v , v ′ ) is valid or not.
An algorithm to generate exactly once every tiling with lozenges of a domain
We can now assume without loss of generality that hT (v) < hT ′ (v), so that hmin (v) = hT (v). hT (v ′ ) can only be hT (v)+1 or hT (v)−2, and hT ′ (v) is at least hT (v)+ 3 by Proposition 3.2.
An algorithm to generate exactly once every tiling with lozenges of a domain
Since ηπ 0 (vπ ) = vπ , it follows that η(vπ ⊗ ts ) = ζ s vπ ⊗ ts , hence vπ ⊗ q L(V (π )) whence Ls (V (π )) is a Ue ts ∈ Ls (V (π )).
Quantum loop modules
We call K a valued field if there is an ordered group (G, +, ≤) and a valuation map v : K → G ∪ {∞} such that (i) v(x) = ∞ if and only if x = 0; (ii) v(xy ) = v(x) + v(y ) for all x, y ∈ K ; (iii) v(x + y ) ≥ min{v(x), v(y )} for all x, y ∈ K .
Grothendieck rings of Laurent series fields
V→ V (cid:14)N (V ) =: V , where i : W ֒→ V is the inclusion map and πV : V → V is the natural pro jection.
Harmonic morphisms between degenerate semi-Riemannian manifolds
Now the central characters of Πv and πv can be written as ωΠv (z) = det(Φv (z)) and ωπv (z) = e0 (φv (z)) where φv (z) = Φv (z) is considered as a 2n × 2n diagonal matrix as in (3) and e0 is as in (4).
Generic Transfer for General Spin Groups
Therefore, with the natural identifications, one has so(cid:0)(V ⊗ V ) ⊕ W (cid:1) = (cid:16)sp(V ) ⊕ sp(V ) ⊕ so(W, qW )(cid:17) ⊕ (V ⊗ V ⊗ W ), [a ⊗ u ⊗ x, b ⊗ v ⊗ y ] = qW (x, y)σa⊗u,b⊗v + qV ⊗V (a ⊗ u, b ⊗ v)σx,y , (2.28) for any a, b, u, v ∈ V and x, y ∈ W .
New simple Lie superalgebras in characteristic 3
For all such partitions consider the subset σ(S, T ) of AS × AT having the property that v ∈ σ(S, T ) implies d(x(v), y(v)) ≥ Dk (v)/k , where x(v) = v ∩ AS and y(v) = v ∩ AT .
Gaussian limits for random measures in geometric probability
Therefore, while the Dirichlet-forms (for L, bL, and ¯L = δD − ¯A) are equal in value, the norms k · kπ of v in l2 (V , π), where π is the invariant distribution of P , A, or ¯P , differ: π = (v , v)π = (v , Dv) ≤ (v , bDv) = (v , v)bπ ≤ (v , ¯Dv) = (v , v) ¯π for v ∈ l2 (V , π).
An interlacing technique for spectra of random walks and its application to finite percolation clusters
Lemma 30 Let V be a set, V, W, and X subsets of P (V ), f a function from V to W, and µ a coherent choice function from V to X such that ∀ V ∈ V, f (V ) = MT (µ(V )) .
Preferential and Preferential-discriminative Consequence relations
X ˆY (v ) = X Y Pty(v ) = (−1)p(v)X Y (v ) = (−1)p(v) (−1)p(X )p(Y )Y X (v ) = (−1)p(v)+p(X )Y X (v ) = ˆY X (v ).
How to realize Lie algebras by vector fields
For any f ∈ V ∗ , let df : V V → V V be the unique odd superderivation such that (df )(v) = f (v) for any v ∈ V ⊆ V V (see, for instance, [KMRT98, §8]).
Some new simple modular Lie superalgebras
Also, for any v ∈ V , the left multiplication by v gives an odd linear map v = 0, and for any v ∈ V and f ∈ V ∗ : lv : V V → V V : x 7→ vx.
Some new simple modular Lie superalgebras
Moreover, let ¯ : V V → V V be the involution such that ¯v = −v for any v ∈ V .
Some new simple modular Lie superalgebras
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