• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • pr. a Turanian Of, pertaining to, or designating, an extensive family of languages of simple structure and low grade (called also Altaic Ural-Altaic, and Scythian), spoken in the northern parts of Europe and Asia and in Central Asia; of pertaining to, or designating, the people who speak these languages.
    • pr. n Turanian One of the Turanians.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Turanian A word loosely and indefinitely used to designate a family of languages, sometimes applied to the Asiatic languages in general outside of the Indo-European and Semitic families, and so including various discordant and independent families, but sometimes used especially or restrictedly of the Ural-Altaic or Scythian family.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Turanian tū-rā′ni-an a philological term which came to be used for the non-Aryan languages of the Ural-Altaic or Finno-Tartar group—sometimes extended so as to include the Dravidian tongues of India, also of the agglutinative type, thus erroneously suggesting affinity between non-Aryan and non-Semitic groups of languages which are probably quite unconnected.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Tur, the name, in Persian legendary history, of one of the three brothers from whom sprang the races of mankind
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From Turan=not-Iran, a term used by the Sassanian kings of Persia for those parts of their empire outside of Iran, and still the name for Turkestan among the Persians.


In literature:

They all turn up Turanian if we probe far enough.
"The Damnation of Theron Ware" by Harold Frederic
One thing is certain, they belong to the Turanian family, and so are probably allied to the Basques and Etruscans.
"The Prehistoric World" by E. A. Allen
The Manchu people, who belong to the Mongol or Turanian Group, number at the maximum five million souls.
"The Fight For The Republic in China" by Bertram Lenox Putnam Weale
In Armenia and Cappadocia during the flourishing period of Assyria, Turanian tribes had been predominant.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 3. (of 7): Media" by George Rawlinson
Some positive arguments in favor of the Turanian origin of the Parthians may be based upon their names.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 6. (of 7): Parthia" by George Rawlinson
This custom, a relic of the Turanian religion, is the origin of sorcery.
"History Of Ancient Civilization" by Charles Seignobos
They are of Turanian origin, like the Magyars, but apparently an older branch of the family.
"Round About the Carpathians" by Andrew F. Crosse
It seems to have been some sort of feudal system that the natural bent of the Turanian race tended to develop.
"The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria" by W. Scott-Elliot
These misfortunes were also of Turanian origin.
"The New World of Islam" by Lothrop Stoddard
Its people were of Turanian stock, its language was nearly akin to that of Shumir and Accad.
"Chaldea" by Zénaïde A. Ragozin

In science:

As an aside, we note that Lemma 2.3 allows us to easily establish an inequality for the Tur´anian ∆ν (x) = K 2 ν (x) − Kν−1 (x)Kν+1 (x) (for more details on the Tur´anian ∆ν (x) see Baricz ).
Inequalities for modified Bessel functions and their integrals