ntroopialA book-name, originating with French naturalists, of those American blackbirds (Icteridæ) which go in flocks. They are mostly the marsh-blackbirds, of the subfamilies Agelæinæ and Quiscalinæ, as the cow-troopial, red-winged blackbird and crow-blackbird or purple grackle. The term extends to the whole family, and thus includes the American orioles or hangnests, as the Baltimore and the orchard orioles. The bird here figured is one of the orioles; it is le troupiale of Brisson, the type species of his genus Icterus (see Icterus, 3), from which the family Icteridæ is named. The male is jet-black and rich-yellow in large massed areas, varied with white on the wings. This troopial is native of tropical America, and is often seen in cages. See also cuts under Agelæinæ, cow-bird, crow-blackbird, and rusty.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
nTroopiala bird of the family Icteridæ, the Hang-nests, famed for its exquisite song.