Tory

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Tory an American who favored the British side during the American Revolution
    • n Tory a supporter of traditional political and social institutions against the forces of reform; a political conservative
    • n Tory a member of political party in Great Britain that has been known as the Conservative Party since 1832; was the opposition party to the Whigs
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Tory (Eng. Politics) A member of the conservative party, as opposed to the progressive party which was formerly called the Whig, and is now called the Liberal, party; an earnest supporter of existing royal and ecclesiastical authority.
    • a Tory Of or pertaining to the Tories.
    • Tory (Amer. Hist) One who, in the time of the Revolution, favored submitting to the claims of Great Britain against the colonies; an adherent to the crown.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Tory Originally, an Irish robber or outlaw, one of a class noted for their outrages and savage cruelty.
    • n Tory Hence, one who causes terror; a hector; a bully.
    • n Tory A member of one of the two great British political parties, opposed to the Whigs and later to the Liberals. The precursors of the Tories were the Cavaliers in the civil war period; after the Restoration (1660) the old Cavalier party became the Court party, opposed to the Country party, and to these the terms Tory and Whig were respectively applied by their opponents about 1679: the word was used in reproach, through a desire to identify the members of the Court party with the supporters of alleged papistic measures, in allusion to the Irish outlaws (see def. 1). The Tories supported hereditary divine right and opposed toleration of Dissenters, and after the Revolution of 1688 their radical wing was Jacobite. Later they upheld the authority of the crown (especially in the reign of George III.), and in general in later years they stood out for maintaining the existing order of things in church and state. They opposed the Reform Bill, and about the same time (1832) the name Tory began to be superseded by Conservative. (See conservative, 3.) The word Tory, however, is still in common use.
    • n Tory In American hist., a member of the British party during the Revolutionary period; a loyalist. The Tories were very numerous, especially in the Middle and Southern colonies, and many of them took arms for the king. They were frequently severely persecuted, and after the war many of them emigrated to Canada and elsewhere.
    • n Tory In general, a conservative; one who favors established authority and institutions, especially in a monarchy or an aristocracy; a person of aristocratic principles, as opposed to a democrat or a radical.
    • Tory Pertaining to or characteristic of tories, in any sense; specifically [capitalized], belonging or relating to the Tories: as, a Tory government; Tory principles or measures. See I.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Tory tō′ri a Conservative in English politics—a term since 1830 largely superseded by Conservative, but since 1880 a good deal revived in the sense frequently of a non-conservative Conservative
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “He thinks like a Tory, and talks like a Radical, and that's so important nowadays.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Properly used of the Irish bogtrotters who robbed and plundered during the English civil wars, professing to be in sympathy with the royal cause; hence transferred to those who sought to maintain the extreme prerogatives of the crown; probably from Ir. toiridhe, tor, a pursuer; akin to Ir. & Gael. toir, a pursuit
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ir. toiridhe, a pursuer; first applied to the Irish bog-trotters and robbers; next, about 1680, to the most hot-headed asserters of the royal prerogative.

Usage

In literature:

The captain had come to see his family, and it was known that the house might be attacked by Tories.
"Historic Boyhoods" by Rupert Sargent Holland
The Tories render ample justice to Lord John under these overwhelming difficulties.
"The Greville Memoirs (Second Part)" by Charles C. F. Greville
Of the first, there is the moderate and the ultra tory.
"The Story of My Life" by Egerton Ryerson
Whigs and Tories, Dissenters and Churchmen, were ready to welcome their Dutch deliverer.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
In this condition, the tories and Indians fell upon them, and put them nearly all to death; only about sixty escaped.
"Reminiscences of the Military Life and Sufferings of Col. Timothy Bigelow, Commander of the Fifteenth Regiment of the Massachusetts Line in the Continental Army, during the War of the Revolution" by Charles Hersey
He was now regarded with great hatred by the patriots of New Jersey, because he was a strong Tory.
"Stories of New Jersey" by Frank Richard Stockton
His name was a terror to the Tories.
"Stories Of Georgia" by Joel Chandler Harris
Danby, loyal above all to the Church and firm in his hatred of subservience to France, answered for the Tories.
"History of the English People, Volume VII (of 8)" by John Richard Green
Suspicious lest, after all, I had to do with a blue-eyed Indian or painted Tory, I examined the unconscious reader thoroughly.
"The Reckoning" by Robert W. Chambers
The Tories may now give the King up.
"The Greville Memoirs" by Charles C. F. Greville
***

In poetry:

"Tell me a 'tory, mamma,"
The blue-eyed baby said,
"About some itty birdie
In za itty birdie bed.
"A Regret" by Madge Morris Wagner
No sweet voice pleads with mamma
"Tell me a 'tory" now,
And only death can take away
The shadow on my brow.
"A Regret" by Madge Morris Wagner
"He knew a hundred pleasant stories
With all the turns of Whigs and Tories:
Was cheerful to his dying day;
And friends would let him have his way.
"Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D." by Jonathan Swift
In powder, patch, and furbelow,
Cocked-hat and sword; and every one,--
Tory and whig of long ago,--
As real as in the days long done,
The courtly days of Washington.
"A Street Of Ghosts" by Madison Julius Cawein
Whan famishin' Tories, owre benches and stools,
Cam' loupin' an' yellin', the Whigamore fools
Left a' in their han's, an' took aff to the hill,
In the "Cave o' Adullam" was buried the bill.
"Rhymes For The Times: III" by Janet Hamilton
Yet, when the views of PHILP or WADE,
Within the Tory press displayed,
Assault mine eyes, I seem to see quite plain
That ugly spider, fat and squat,
Perched insolently on the pot;
I seem to hear again the weird refrain:-
"The Insect" by C J Dennis

In news:

Walla High School two-sport athlete Tori Crawford will take her wingspan to the University of Idaho next year to play volleyball for the Vandals.
Initially, the new plate, designed by the wildlife artist Roger Tory Peterson, will cost New Yorkers $39.50.
Why John Tory won't borrow to buy his 'toys'.
Patrick Demarchelier, courtesy of Tory Burch.
I hope this proposal does not get through because I think the whole project is an attempt to fiddle the boundaries to make it easier for the Tories to win.
Tori gonzales of fillmore with piru 4-h.
Notre Dame grad Tory Jackson returns to Buena Vista to coach varsity boys basketball team.
CARP members supporting NDP, not Tories.
Kit Malley and Tori Mills, Hood River County.
Tories caught lying yet again.
Tanisha Long, Britani Bateman, Tori Spelling, Melanie Lewis and Sydney Sorenson.
Hana Lafond, 3, and her sister, Tori, 7, of Gilbertsville make friends with Rudolph during Chillin on Main with Santa on Saturday in Boyertown.
Tori Le-Ann Cramer, 19, of St Augustine is facing two charges of felony child neglect following a response by the St Augustine Police Department on Wednesday.
Nekesa Mumbi Moody, AP Tori Spelling and husband Dean McDermott pose with their son Liam, now 5, in Beverly Hills, Calif, in 2008.
Tori again called her mother.
***

In science:

This is proved at the end of [St1] and is extended to finite Lie groups in [F1] using the combinatorics of maximal tori.
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
In Section 5 we studied the Wound theory compactified on transverse tori.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
Gauge theories on noncommutative tori were studied by A.
Gauge theories on noncommutative spaces
Instantons on noncommutative tori were studied in ; in particular, we constructed a noncommutative analog of Nahm transform.
Gauge theories on noncommutative spaces
When we consider noncommutative tori we should define connections using d-dimensional commutative Lie algebra acting on T d θ by means of translations.
Gauge theories on noncommutative spaces
***