Tilia

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Tilia deciduous trees with smooth usually silver-grey bark of North America and Europe and Asia: lime trees; lindens; basswood
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Tilia (Bot) A genus of trees, the lindens, the type of the family Tiliace√¶, distinguished by the winglike bract coalescent with the peduncle, and by the indehiscent fruit having one or two seeds. There are about twenty species, natives of temperate regions. Many species are planted as ornamental shade trees, and the tough fibrous inner bark is a valuable article of commerce. Also, a plant of this genus.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tilia A genus of trees, type of the order Tiliaceæ and tribe Tilieæ. It is characterized by flowers with a wing-like bract adnate to the peduncle, followed by a globose, indehiscent, one- to two-seeded fruit. There are 16 or 17 species, natives of north temperate regions. They are trees, usually with obliquely heart-shaped serrate leaves two-ranked upon the young branches, which form a light, flat spray. The fragrant white or yellowish flowers form axillary or terminal cymes, conspicuously nectar-bearing, much frequented by bees, and causing the production of honey of excellent quality. The peculiar light-green, membranous, reticulated bract remains persistent on the peduncle, and aids in dispersing the fruit, a cluster of hard, woody, one-celled ovoid or globose nuts. The species are known in general as linden or lime-tree. and the American as basswood. (See linden, and compare lind and bast; also figures under serrate and stigma.) They are remarkable for their tough fibrous inner bark, used, especially in Russia, to make shoes, cords, nets, and coarse cloth, and exported, under the name of Russia matting, to be used in packing, tying plants, etc. The soft pale wood is much used for interior finish, cabinetwork, turnery, woodenware, and carving, and especially in the manufacture of pianos and harps. The leaves are given as food to cattle in parts of Europe; the flowers yield a distilled oil called lime-flower oil, used in perfumery; their infusion is a domestic European remedy for indigestion and hysteria. The trunk sometimes reaches great size, especially in central Europe. The linden of Fribourg, planted in 1476 to commemorate the battle of Morat, was in 1830 nearly 14 feet in diameter; another, near Morat, 38 feet in girth, was then estimated to be 864 years old. Many species are planted as shade-trees, especially the three species of western Europe, all sometimes included under T. Europæa. Of these, T. vulgaris, a favorite avenue tree in Germany for nearly three centuries, is the linden commonly planted in Berlin, in England, and in the eastern United States. T. ulmifolia (T. cordata and T. parvifolia), a small-leaved species, is the common linden of northern Europe, and is probably the only one native in England. In cultivation it is usually small; but one at Uckermark in Germany reaches nearly 23 feet in girth. T. platyphyllos, with yellowish-green leaves and four-ribbed fruit—common in southern Europe, and parent of most of the peculiar varieties of cultivation—is the linden of Versailles and the Tuileries gardens. Three or four species are natives of southeastern Europe, of which T. petiolaris is remarkable for its pendulous branches and elongated leafstalks, and T. argentea, the silver lime, for its freedom from the borers which infest the wood of other species. Six species are natives of China, Manchuria, and Japan, and four are American: one, T. Mexicana, occurs in Mexico, and three are found in the eastern United States. Of these, T. Americana, the basswood, extends from New Brunswick and the Assiniboine to Georgia and Texas, and often reaches 4 feet in diameter and 60 or sometimes 130 feet in height. Its wood, known as whitewood, or sometimes, from a faint reddish tinge, as red basswood, is much used for soft woodwork, and especially as a source of paper-pulp, and of packing-material for furniture. The other American species, T. pubescens and T. heterophylla, are principally southern, and produce a globose fruit. The latter species, known as bee-tree, white basswood, or wahoo, is much admired for the beauty of its leaves, whitened and silvery underneath. Its young branches are fed to cattle in winter.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., linden. Cf. Teil

Usage

In literature:

Tilia Americana 155 LXXIX.
"Handbook of the Trees of New England" by Lorin Low Dame
Tilia Caballo, at your service.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Sophia followed Tilia through the door of Ugolini's cabinet after Tilia thrust it open without even knocking.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Tilia Americana L. Linden family.
"Texas Honey Plants" by C. E. Sanborn
***

In news:

Steven Joel Brown of Tilia .
Tilia , the Linden Hills eatery that just won the local Charlie Award for outstanding restaurant, wants you to design its new T-shirt.
Full details of the contest can be found at tiliampls.com/tee-is-for-tilia.
Tilia is at 2726 W 43rd St, Minneapolis.
At Tilia in Minneapolis, chef-owner Steven Brown flavors his jerk-style chicken with a highly spiced, tangy marinade, but there's something else that makes it so good: a serious dry-brining.
Tilia, the Linden Hills eatery that just won the local Charlie Award for outstanding restaurant, wants you to design its new T-shirt .
***