That

Definitions

  • A Tone of Voice That Meant Trouble 138
    A Tone of Voice That Meant Trouble 138
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • That As a conjunction, retains much of its force as a demonstrative pronoun.
    • That As a conjunction, that retains much of its force as a demonstrative pronoun.
    • That As a demonstrative pronoun (pl. Those), that usually points out, or refers to, a person or thing previously mentioned, or supposed to be understood. That, as a demonstrative, may precede the noun to which it refers; as, that which he has said is true; those in the basket are good apples. "The early fame of Gratian was equal to that of the most celebrated princes.""That be far from thee, to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked.""And when Moses heard that , he was content.""I will know your business, Harry, that I will.""Two principles in human nature reign;
      Self-love, to urge, and Reason, to restrain;
      Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call."
      "If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this or that ."
    • That As a relative pronoun, that is equivalent to who or which, serving to point out, and make definite, a person or thing spoken of, or alluded to, before, and may be either singular or plural. "He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame.""A judgment that is equal and impartial must incline to the greater probabilities."
    • That As adverb: To such a degree; so; as, he was that frightened he could say nothing.
    • That As an adjective, that has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun. "It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.""The woman was made whole from that hour.""Upon a day out riden knightes two . . . That one of them came home, that other not."
    • That In an elliptical sentence to introduce a dependent sentence expressing a wish, or a cause of surprise, indignation, or the like.
    • That To introduce a clause employed as the object of the preceding verb, or as the subject or predicate nominative of a verb.
    • That To introduce a consequence, result, or effect; -- usually preceded by so or such, sometimes by that.
    • That To introduce a purpose; -- usually followed by may, or might, and frequently preceded by so in order to the end, etc.
    • That To introduce, a reason or cause; -- equivalent to for that in that for the reason that because.
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Tried to Explain That he Had Been Buncoed 148 Tried to Explain That he Had Been Buncoed 148
"HE FELT THAT SHE WAS TREMBLING." "HE FELT THAT SHE WAS TREMBLING."
Wall, Josiah and me, we went to that funeral Wall, Josiah and me, we went to that funeral
"What food for hens that would make." "What food for hens that would make."
THE HOUSE THAT GLUE BUILT THE HOUSE THAT GLUE BUILT
Where Did You Get That Watch 167 Where Did You Get That Watch 167
The Chickens That Were Wiser Than Lottie The Chickens That Were Wiser Than Lottie
THE EVIL THAT MEN DO THE EVIL THAT MEN DO

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1873, Colgate made a toothpaste that was available in a jar
    • that Used as a definitive adjective before a noun, in various senses. Pointing to a person or thing present or as before mentioned or supposed to be understood, or used to designate a specific thing or person emphatically, having more force than the definite article the, which may, however, in some cases be substituted for it.
    • that Frequently in opposition to this, in which case it refers to one of two objects already mentioned, and often to the one more distant in place or time: frequently, however, mere contradistinction is implied: as, I will take this book, and you can take that one.
    • that Pointing not so much to persons and things as to their qualities, almost equivalent to such, or of such a nature, and occasionally followed by as or that as a correlative.
    • that Used absolutely or without a noun as a demonstrative pronoun. To indicate a person or thing already referred to or implied, or specially pointed at or otherwise indicated, and having generally the same force and significance as when used as an adjective: as, give me that; do you see that?
    • that In opposition to this, or by way of distinction.
    • that When this and that refer to foregoing words, this, like the Latin hic or the French ceci, refers to the last mentioned, the latter, and that, like the Latin ille or the French cela, to the first mentioned, the former.
    • that In all the above cases, that, when referring to a plural noun, takes the plural form those: as, that man, those men; give me that, give me those; and so on.
    • that To represent a sentence or part of a sentence, or a series of sentences.
    • that That sometimes in this use precedes the sentence or clause to which it refers.
    • that That here represents the clause in italics. It is used also as the substitute for an adjective: as, you allege that the man is innocent; that he is not. Similarly, it is often used to introduce an explanation of something going before: as, “religion consists in living up to those principles—that is, in acting in conformity to them.”
    • that Emphatically, in phrases expressive of approbation, applause, or encouragement.
    • that As the antecedent of a relative: as, that which was spoken.
    • that By the omission of the relative, that formerly sometimes acquired the force of what or that which.
    • that With of, to avoid repetition of a preceding noun: as, his opinions and those of the others.
    • that With and, to avoid repetition of a preceding statement.
    • that Used for who or which. That in this use is never used with a preposition preceding it, but may be so used when the preposition is transposed to the end of the clause; thus, the man of whom I spoke, the book from which I read, the spot near which he stood, the pay for which he works: but not the man of that I spoke, etc., though one may say, the man that I spoke of, the book that I read from, the place that he stood near, the pay that he works for, and so on. When the relative clause conveys an additional idea or statement, or is parenthetical, who and which are in modern English rather to be used than that: thus, “James, whom I saw yesterday, told me,” but not “James that, etc.” That more often introduces a restrictive or definitive clause, but who and which are frequently used in the same way. See who.
    • that In the following extract that, who, and which are used without any perceptible difference.
    • that With the use of that as a relative are to be classed those cases in which it is used as a correlative to so or such.
    • that That as a demonstrative and that as a relative pronoun sometimes occur close together, but this use is now hardly approved.
    • that Frequently used in Chaucer for the definite article, before one or other, usually when the two words are put in contrast.
    • that That … he = who; that … his (or her) = whose; that … him = whom; that … they = who; which that = whom.
    • that Introducing a reason: in that; because.
    • that Introducing an object or final end or purpose: equivalent to the phrases in order that, for the purpose that, to the effect that.
    • that Introducing a result or consequence.
    • that Introducing a clause as the subject or object of the principal verb, or as a necessary complement to a statement made.
    • that Seeing; since; inasmuch as.
    • that Formerly often used after a preposition, introducing a noun-clause as the object of the preposition: as, before that he came, after that they had gone, etc., where at present the that is omitted and the preposition has become a conjunction; also, by mistaken analogy with such cases, that was occasionally added after real conjunctions, as when that, where that.
    • that Sometimes used in place of another conjunction, in repetition.
    • that Used elliptically to introduce a sentence or clause expressive of surprise, indignation, or some kindred emotion.
    • that Used as an optative particle, or to introduce a phrase expressing a wish: would that: usually with O!
    • that To that extent; to that degree; to such a degree; so: as, I did not go that far; I did not care that much about it: the comparison being with something previously said or implied, as in the preceding examples: used colloquially to express emphasis. A similar Scotch use of the word, following a negative, corresponds to the Latin ita (as in Cicero's non ita multi): as, no that bad; nae that far awa'.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "toy" comes from an old English word that means "tool."
    • rel., pron. demons That that it points out a person or thing: the former or more distant thing: not this but the other: as a , who or which
    • conj That used to introduce a clause: because: for: in order that
    • ***

Quotations

  • Havelock Ellis
    Havelock%20Ellis
    “There is nothing that war has ever achieved we could not better achieve without it.”
  • Publilius Syrus
    Publilius%20Syrus
    “It is bad advice that cannot be changed.”
  • Seneca
    Seneca
    “It is not because things are difficult that we do not dare; it is because we do not dare that they are difficult.”
  • Edgar Cayce
    Edgar Cayce
    “You can never lose anything that really belongs to you, and you can't keep that which belongs to someone else.”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “To know that we know what we know, and that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.”
  • Heywood Broun
    Heywood%20Broun
    “The tragedy of life is not that a man loses, but that he almost wins.”

Idioms

All that glitters is not gold - This means that appearances can be deceptive and things that look or sound valuable can be worthless. ('All that glistens is not gold' is an alternative.)
***
All's well that ends well - If the end result is good, then everything is good.
***
And all that jazz - This idiom means that everything related or similar is included.
***
Be that as it may - Be that as it may is an expression which means that, while you are prepared to accept that there is some truth in what the other person has just said, it's not going to change your opinions in any significant manner.
***
Been there, done that - People say this when they have already experienced what is being discussed.
***
Cross that bridge when you come to it - If you will cross that bridge when you come to it, you will deal with a problem when it arises, but not until that point
***
Don't bite the hand that feeds - When someone says this to you, they are trying to tell you not to act against those on whom you depend.
***
Don't stop and kick at every dog that barks at you - (USA) If we stop to kick at every dog that barks at us we will never arrive at our destination in life, because we are obsessed with righting insignifigant wrongs that should have no more effect on us then a dog that barks as we walk by.
***
Exception that proves the rule - This expression is used by many to indicate that an exception in some way confirms a rule. Others say that the exception tests the rule. In its original legal sense, it meant that a rule could sometimes be inferred from an exemption or exception. In general use, the first meaning predominates nowadays, much to the annoyance of some pedants.
***
Get back on the horse that bucked you - When you start drinking again after being hungover from drinking the previous night.
***
Given the day that's in it - (Irish) This idiom is used when something is obvious because of the day that it occurs: traffic, for example would be busy around a football stadium on game day, given the day that's in it. On any other day the traffic would be unexplainable, but because its game day its obvious why there is traffic.
***
Hand that rocks the cradle - Women have a great power and influence because they have the greatest influence over the development of children- the hand that rocks the cradle. ('The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world' is the full form.)
***
He that travels far knows much - People who travel widely have a wide knowledge.
***
I'll cross that road when I come to it - I'll think about something just when it happens, not in advance.
***
In that vein - If you do something in that (or this) vein, you do it in the same distinctive manner or style.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. ðæt, neuter nom. & acc. sing. of the article (originally a demonstrative pronoun). The nom. masc. , and the nom. fem. seó, are from a different root. AS. ðæt, is akin to D. dat, G. das, OHG. daz, Sw. & Dan. det, Icel. þat,masc. , fem. ,), Goth. þata,masc. sa, fem. ,), Gr. (masc. , fem. ), Skr. tat,for tad, masc. sas, fem. ,); cf. L. istud, that. √184. Cf. The Their They Them This Than Since

Usage

In literature:

Yet it is so ordered that to know that we must awake from them.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
That house, and everything that is in it, belongs to him; you know that, I dare say.
"Miss Mackenzie" by Anthony Trollope
It is enough that she trusts me, and that I deserve that she should.
"Deerbrook" by Harriet Martineau
I have declared that I would do this; that I would abandon my own resolutions, and take that proposed by the Peace Conference.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
That is the highest conception that we can form of that future life.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
You tell him that this is a man's fight, and that you are fighting back with all the strength that you can command.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
But Sir Kay did that day marvelous deeds of arms that there was none did so well as he that day.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
Swartboy believed that there were, and that that region was notorious for them.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
It was Tanqueray, with that passion, that diabolical lucidity, that vision of his, who had made her realize the baseness of her secrecy.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
Of you, I discern that there is that in you I can love, that would make me happy.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
***

In poetry:

Lover of life, do you know
That youth's hue is going?
More than that, do you know
That the gray is showing?
"Fleeting Spring" by Frank Barbour Coffin
Not that her fancy holds me dear,
Not that a hope may be:
Only that I may know her near,
Wind of the western sea!
"Bring Her Again, O Western Wind" by William Ernest Henley
List to the forest-voice murmuring low:
All that it saw when alone with its laughter,
All that it suffered in times that came after,
Mournful it tells, that the wind may know.
"In The Forest" by Bjornstjerne Bjornson
She fell asleep, and dreamed this dream,
That filled her heart with fear--
That she had died that One might live
Whose life was very dear,
And that she never saw His face
Or dried His earliest tear.
"A Ballad Of The Nativity" by Charles Hanson Towne
'Come, sit with me, ye that are lovely,
Ye that are paid with disdain,
Ye that are chained and would soar!
I am beauty and love;
I am friendship, the comforter;
I am that which forgives and forgets.' -
"The Spirit Of Wine" by William Ernest Henley
Thou said'st but even now, That all was not so fair, as I conceiv'd,
Betwict my God and me; that I allow
And coin large hopes; but, that I was deceiv'd:
Either the league was broke, or neare it;
And, that I had great cause to fear it.
"Assurance" by George Herbert

In news:

Jean-Charles Boisset of Boisset Family Estates stressed that Central Coast winegrowers should focus on the varieties that are best suited for that region.
A recent test of the accuracy of cold and flu medicine prices in Arizona found that 5 of 30 pharmacies that were inspected found that had at least one overcharge.
Now that you've picked out the room that will become your home theater, have you thought about where you're going to store all of that sweet A/V gear.
We were halfway through reproductive exams when Henry told me that they had sold a load of cull cows last week that averaged 1,900 pounds and that brought in over $1,100 each.
Phil Simms has heard the reports that he will not return to the Giants this year, that he will retire after the season, that he has played his last professional football game.
There's a scale in your bathroom that you step on that reveals a number that then leaves you wide awake and wishing you had not eaten so much the day before.
What do you think is the single most important thing that should be done to prevent that growth in population from making our traffic congestion even worse that it already is.
The Gospel that is read on Easter Sunday recalls the Resurrection that occurred on that morning.
That's the hope of 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment , which has told its accounts that it plans to launch a DVD program that creates two classes of discs.
We get that good and clean, paint anything that the kids are playing with that we can't get off other ways, we use our magic erasers .
Every year, journalists make the pilgrimage to Milan in the hope of finding products that are unique, that offer a new typology, and that may very well one day revolutionize the way we live.
Her first book, The Cuisines of Mexico (1972), was revelatory from the very title, emphasizing as it did that Mexican cooking is a high-art form, and that it is as regionally varied as that of China or France.
Ashton Kutcher 's fling with a 23-year-old blonde beauty in San Diego came as a huge surprise to her closest friends, and in an exclusive interview, one of the girls that was there that night says that she was shocked by their tryst.
Of course, it happens that way, but I don't think that that's really the best thing.
This letter is in regard to the recent political ad that is on television for Linda Lingle --the one that says at the end that she approves this message.
***

In science:

The importance of equation (7) is that any study that assumes that electrons are perfectly tied to field lines will conclude that kT = D = 0.
Thermal conduction and particle transport in strong MHD turbulence, with application to galaxy-cluster plasmas
We will henceforth assume that in additional to satisfying n > 2k , we also have that nZ2 ⊂ L and that n is large enough so that ρ(A(0)) > ρ(A∞ ) − ǫ.
Random Surfaces
We can now apply [L6, 5.9(i)]; we see that (b) holds. (Note that [L6, 5.9] has an additional assumption, namely that for any F -stable subset J of I that contains K , the longest element of WJ normalizes WK .
Character sheaves on disconnected groups, II
Thus, the second case holds, which proves that Z ′ ∼S Z , and therefore that Z ′ ⋖ Z , and, since we have shown that the only element in T B n strictly between Y and Z is Z ′ , it follows that Y ⋖ Z ′ ⋖ Z .
Tamari lattices and noncrossing partitions in type B and beyond
We suppose that the distribution P (q) is such that there is only one direction k such that qk = maxb qb (or at least that this condition is verified with probability one).
Spin models with random anisotropy and reflection symmetry
***