Tatar

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Tatar the Turkic language spoken by the Tatar living from the Volga to the Ural Mountains
    • n Tatar a member of the Turkic-speaking people living from the Volga to the Ural Mountains (the name has been attributed to many other groups)
    • n Tatar a member of the Mongolian people of central Asia who invaded Russia in the 13th century
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Tatar A member of one of certain Tungusic tribes whose original home was in the region vaguely known as “Chinese Tatary” (Manchuria and Mongolia), and who are now represented by the Fishshin Tatars in northern Manchuria, and the Solons and Daurians in northeastern Mongolia, but more particularly by the Manchus, the present rulers of China. The chief among these tribes were the Khitans, who in 907 conquered China and set up a dynasty there (called the Liao) which lasted until 1123, when they were conquered by their rivals;
    • n Tatar In the middle ages, one of the host of Mongol, Turk, and Tatar warriors who swept over Asia under the leadership of Jenghiz Khan, and threatened Europe.
    • n Tatar A member of one of numerous tribes or peoples of mixed Turkish, Mongol, and Tatar origin (descendants of the remnants of these hosts) now inhabiting the steppes of central Asia, Russia in Europe, Siberia (the latter with an additional intermixture of Finnish and Samoyedic blood), and the Caucasus, such as the Kazan Tatars (the remnant of the Kipchaks, or ‘Golden Horde’), the Krim Tatars in the Crimea, the Kalmucks or Eleuths (who are properly Mongols), etc.
    • n Tatar A savage, intractable person; a person of a keen, irritable temper; as applied to a woman, a shrew; a vixen: as, she is a regular Tartar.
    • Tatar Of or pertaining to a Tatar or Tartar, or the Tatars or Tartars, or Tatary or Tartary.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Tatar tä′tar a name originally applied to a native of certain Tungustic tribes in Chinese Tartary, but extended to the Mongol, Turkish, and other warriors, who swept over Asia under Genghis Khan. The term Tatars is used loosely for tribes of mixed origin in Tartary, Siberia, and the Russian steppes, including Kazan Tartars, Crim Tartars, Kipchaks, Kalmucks, &c. In the classification of languages Tartar′ic is used of the Turkish group
    • ***

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
The Turkish and Persian Tátar became Tartar, because they were supposed to be like fiends from hell—Gr. tartoros.

Usage

In literature:

Look at our French-swearing, whiskey-drinking Tataric angels of the Dastur!
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani
The Russian is a Tatar and a brute.
"German Problems and Personalities" by Charles Sarolea
They form the bulk of the population of the "Tatar city" of Peking.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
It suffered again from Tatar invasions; in 1290 it was captured by Wenceslaus II.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
Tatar raids went on continually between 1241 and 1300.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Other ethnic groups of significance were 20,000 Tatars and 12,000 to 14,000 Turks in Dobruja, remnants of the period of Turkish rule.
"Area Handbook for Romania" by Eugene K. Keefe, Donald W. Bernier, Lyle E. Brenneman, William Giloane, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
In the second place the Tatar hordes had been well nigh exterminated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 2" by Various
In 1668-1684 the great bazaar and trading hall was built, principally by Tatar prisoners.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
In 1261 the Tatars under Nogai Khan invaded Hungary for the second time, but were defeated by Bela and lost 50,000 men.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 5" by Various
During the 16th century it was in the possession alternately of the Turks and the Nogais or Crimean Tatars.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
They are the most important of the Eastern Finns, and their traditions speak of a capital and of a king who fought with the Tatars.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 4" by Various
Having been for a long series of ages subject to the khans of the Crimea, all these Greeks speak a corrupt Tatar dialect among themselves.
"Travels in the Steppes of the Caspian Sea, the Crimea, the Caucasus, &c." by Xavier Hommaire de Hell
The fur has often been designated as red or Tatar sable.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3" by Various
That means there must be a town there, they thought, let us make for it, there we shall be in safety, so far the Tatar has not come.
"Tales From Jókai" by Mór Jókai
Old Kulja, Tatar Kulja or Nin-yuan, is now the principal town of the district.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 3" by Various
His father was an officer in the Russian army, of Tatar extraction.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 6" by Various
City f. after destruction of Tatar Kulja, 1865; taken by Russians, 1871; restored to China, 1881.
"A Literary and Historical Atlas of Asia" by J. G. Bartholomew
As crown prince he distinguished himself by his brilliant victory over the Tatars at Kopersztyn in 1487.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 4" by Various
The next morning Zhilin sees the red-haired Tatar leading a mare through the village, and three Tatars following him.
"A Russian Proprietor" by Lyof N. Tolstoi
Jassy was burned by the Tatars in 1513, by the Turks in 1538, and by the Russians in 1686.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 3" by Various
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In news:

"Beyonsense," the first US solo museum show by international artist collective Slavs and Tatars, at New York's Museum of Modern Art, thrives in the rich, unstable spaces where language, meaning and imagery overlap.
Translated and edited by Maria Tatar.
Stacey Dawn Tatar and Robert Gilliland Hughes exchanged wedding vows Saturday, July 23, 2011, at 6 pm at St Paul's Episcopal Church in Murfreesboro, Tenn.
Hamilton The Grand Rapids Press Tomas Tatar has 18 points in his past 16 games.
Mr and Mrs Donald L Tatar of Mingo Junction announce the engagement of their daughter, Stacey Dawn Tatar of Nashville, Tenn. To Robert Gilliland Hughes, also of Nashville, son of Mr and Mrs Robert C Hughes of West Point, Miss.
Red Wings prospect Tomas Tatar 's prepared to dominate during second AHL season.
Nill assesses Tatar 's potential as follows: "I project him to have top two line potential — a top six forward," Nill said.
Tomas Tatar , take two: RWC's Lindenau talks to the Red Wings' mighty mite.
The Griffins peppered Peoria goalie Mike McKenna with 43 shots in an offensive barrage that the Rivermen could not keep up with, but McKenna kept his team in the game until Tatar pushed in his eighth and ninth goals in the third.
"The Annotated Brothers Grimm (The Bicentennial Edition)," Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm (authors), Maria Tatar (editor, translator).
AP file A courtroom sketch shows defendants Shain Duka, bottom left, Eljvir Duka, Dritan Duka, Mohamad Ibrahim Shnewer and Serdar Tatar in federal court in Camden in 2008.
Tomas Tatar, take two: RWC's Lindenau talks to the Red Wings' mighty mite .
Barrie, edited with an introduction and notes by Maria Tatar Norton, 393 pp.
Cory Morse The Grand Rapids Press Thomas Tatar, shown skating during an October Grand Rapids Griffins practice, scored an overtime goal to lead his team to a 3-2 win over the Chicago Wolves on Oct 28, 2012.
Tatars (Tatar: sometimes spelled Tartars) are a Turkic ethnic group in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
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In science:

Tatar, “Lumps and p-branes in open string field theory,” hep-th/0003031, Phys.
On the BV formulation of boundary superstring field theory
Tatar, “Orbifolds, Penrose limits and supersymmetry enhancement,” hep-th/0205067.
Gauge theory description of compactified pp-waves
Tatar, “Lumps and p-branes in open string field theory,” Phys.
Open Heterotic Strings
Tatar, Lumps and P-branes in Open String Field Theory, hep-th/0003031; N.
BPS D-branes after Tachyon Condensation
Tatar, “Duality and confinement in N = 1 supersymmetric theories from geometric transitions,”, Adv.
(Anti)symmetric matter and superpotentials from IIB orientifolds
Tatar, “Geometric transition, large N dualities and MQCD dynamics,” Nucl.
(Anti)symmetric matter and superpotentials from IIB orientifolds
Tatar, “Anomaly-free chiral field theories from geometric engineering and matrix models”, in preparation.
(Anti)symmetric matter and superpotentials from IIB orientifolds
Tatar, “Lumps and p-branes in open string field theory,” Phys.
Closed String Tachyon Condensation: An Overview
Tatar, “In the realm of the geometric transitions,” Nucl.
Lectures on Nongeometric Flux Compactifications
Tatar, “Geometric transitions, flops and non-Kaehler manifolds. I,” Nucl.
Lectures on Nongeometric Flux Compactifications
Hirotaka Hayashi, Teruhiko Kawano, Radu Tatar, and Taizan Watari.
Models of Particle Physics from Type IIB String Theory and F-theory: A Review
Hirotaka Hayashi, Radu Tatar, Yukinobu Toda, Taizan Watari, and Masahito Yamazaki.
Models of Particle Physics from Type IIB String Theory and F-theory: A Review
Faraggi, Radu Tatar, and William Walters. T-branes and Yukawa Couplings.
Models of Particle Physics from Type IIB String Theory and F-theory: A Review
Radu Tatar, Yoichi Tsuchiya, and Taizan Watari.
Models of Particle Physics from Type IIB String Theory and F-theory: A Review
Tatar, ”Lumps and p-branes in open string field theory,” Phys.
D-Branes from N D(-1)-Branes in Bosonic and Type IIA String Theory
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