Taraxacum

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Taraxacum an asterid dicot genus of the family Compositae including dandelions
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n taraxacum A genus of composite plants, of the tribe Cichoriaceæ and subtribe Hypochœrideæ. It is characterized by solitary flower-heads with a calyculate involucre, a naked receptacle, copious simple pappus, and long-beaked achenes. About 40 species have been described, by some reduced to 10, widely dispersed through temperate and colder regions, especially northern, but also occurring in the southern hemisphere and sometimes in the tropics. They are mostly stemless herbs, bearing a rosette of radical leaves which are entire or variously toothed, and a leafless scape crowned by a single broad yellow flower-head, or rarely, by terminal branching, producing two or three heads. The only North American species is the polymorphous T. officinale, the dandelion (which see). See also cuts under runcinate, pappus, and receptacle.
    • n taraxacum [lowercase] A plant of this genus, or a drug prepared from it.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Taraxacum tar-aks′a-kum the root of the dandelion, a tonic laxative in diseases of the liver
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A botanical Latin word, coined from Gr. taraxis, trouble—tarassein, to trouble. Davic refers to Ar. taras-acon, a kind of succory, Latinised in Avicenna as taraxacon.

Usage

In literature:

In cornfields in this direction, Berberidea ranunculiflora is very common, Muscari, Hyacinthus, Taraxacum, Plantago.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
First, every one knows Taraxacum or dandelion; invalids know crust-coffee, and many with indignation know burnt peas.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 97, November, 1865" by Various
Taraxacum phymatocarpum J. VAHL.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
Taraxacum Officinale Weber, (a).
"Ginseng and Other Medicinal Plants" by A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
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In news:

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) 10-15 drops tincture 3x/day.
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