• WordNet 3.6
    • n Tamarindus widely cultivated tropical trees originally of Africa
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tamarindus A genus of leguminous plants, of the suborder Cæsalpinieæ and tribe Amherstieæ. It is characterized by flowers with colored caducous bracts, four sepals, three perfect and two rudimentary petals, three perfect monadelphous stamens, and a few staminodes in the form of minute teeth; and by the fruit, a thick indehiscent legume with a fragile crustaceous epicarp, pulpy mesocarp, and thick coriaceous endocarp forming partitions between the seeds. The only species, T. Indica, is widely diffused through the tropics, indigenous in Africa and Australia, and naturalized from cultivation in Asia and America. It is a tree bearing abruptly pinnate leaves, with many pairs of small leaflets, and yellow and red flowers in terminal racemes. See tamarind.
    • n tamarindus [lowercase] The pharmacopœial name for the preserved pulp of the fruit of Tamarindus Indica. It is laxative and refrigerant.
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In literature:

Not a tree visible except Bombax and Tamarindus, but this last is planted.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
The writer did not see this tree but, from the description given of it, believes it to be the tamarindus.
"The Wild Tribes of Davao District, Mindanao" by Fay-Cooper Cole