• Kabo watches from the surface
    Kabo watches from the surface
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Surfacer A form of machine for dressing the surface of wood, metal, stone, etc.
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Combined surfacer and matcher Combined surfacer and matcher
England and Wales, Surface Features England and Wales, Surface Features
Upper Surface of the Cerebrum Upper Surface of the Cerebrum

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The oldest exposed surface on earth is New Zealand's south island.
    • n surfacer A machine for planing and giving a surface to wood.
    • n surfacer A rubbing- or polishing-machine used to finish the surface of a mosaic floor. It consists of a heavy horizontal disk, or rubber, supported upon a vertical shaft and operated by a small electric motor. The machine is mounted on a carriage, having rubber-tired wheels to prevent injury to the floor, and is fltted with a sand-box and water-tank, and with pipes for delivering the sand and water to the work. The machine is drawn over the floor by the operator.
    • n surfacer One who produces a surface either truly plane or merely fìnished with a surfacing-machine.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The surface of the Earth is about 60% water and 10% ice.
    • Surfacer one who, or that which, smooths or levels a surface
    • ***


  • E. M. Bounds
    E. M. Bounds
    “Few persons are made of such strong fiber that they will make a costly outlay when surface work will pass as well in the market.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Character is like the foundation of a house -- it is below the surface.”
  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    “Brave men are all vertebrates; they have their softness on the surface and their toughness in the middle.”
  • Andre Gide
    “Fish die belly upward, and rise to the surface. Its their way of falling.”
  • Vladimir Nabokov
    “A novelist is, like all mortals, more fully at home on the surface of the present than in the ooze of the past.”
  • Peace Pilgrim
    “Humanity has only scratched the surface of its real potential.”


Boil to the surface - If a problem or issue boils to the surface, it emerges at a particular time and needs to be discussed or resolved.
Scratch the surface - When you scratch the surface of something, you have a superficial knowledge or understanding of it.


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr., from sur—L. super, and face—L. facies.


In literature:

Bones grow by additions to their ends and surfaces.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
All around them huge screens displayed various views of the surface of Venus as it slowly revolved beneath the station.
"Danger in Deep Space" by Carey Rockwell
The light which lit the soil thirty feet below the surface of the ocean astonished me by its power.
"The Literary World Seventh Reader" by Various
This work is best done when the frost has just left the ground for a short distance below the surface.
"Clovers and How to Grow Them" by Thomas Shaw
A cloud obscured the surface of the ocean, and it was difficult to tell where it had gone, or what had become of the ship.
"The Wizard of the Sea" by Roy Rockwood
Its surface is as blue as sapphire, its shores are crowned by a whole chaplet of villages and white villas among luxuriant groves.
"From Pole to Pole" by Sven Anders Hedin
How to Show Plain Surfaces.
"Carpentry for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
Learned men think that at first the surface of the earth was solid rock.
"Agriculture for Beginners" by Charles William Burkett
Shann wriggled through a last bush barrier and stood to look out over that surface.
"Storm Over Warlock" by Andre Norton
Over all its purpled surface, blood came with a gush.
"Wandl the Invader" by Raymond King Cummings
It was necessary to look closely and pass the beams over every square inch of the surface.
"Islands of Space" by John W Campbell
They could just distinguish its white outline against the gold surface underneath.
"The Girl in the Golden Atom" by Raymond King Cummings
Up on the surface she began to think again.
"Legacy" by James H Schmitz
This rubbing is of course better done on the surface of the skin.
"Papers on Health" by John Kirk
This could naturally only occur near the surface of the earth or of another planet.
"Edison's Conquest of Mars" by Garrett Putnam Serviss
Aeroplanes have, in the past, been built with a stabilizing surface in front of the main surface instead of at the rear of it.
"The Aeroplane Speaks" by H. Barber
With both feet on Griffiths's shoulder, he forced him still deeper, at the same time driving himself to the surface.
"A Son Of The Sun" by Jack London
The anterior surface of the principal metacarpal is convex transversely; its posterior surface is flattened.
"Artistic Anatomy of Animals" by Édouard Cuyer
When the surface of the glass has been ground down to a plane, the surface itself is still "grey," i.e.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 1" by Various
She accomplished this only by constantly using many destroyers and other light surface craft as escorts for the transports.
"The Victory At Sea" by William Sowden Sims

In poetry:

Where the wild storm's tramp hath ne'er been known
The wrecks of the sea lie low and lone;
Thus the heart's surface may sparkle and glow,
There are wrecks far down -- there are graves below.
"A Reverie" by Abram Joseph Ryan
No! fancy may sometimes my reason control—
The surface be ruffled by passion's fierce breath,
But trust me, that still in the depths of my soul,
Love and reason together shall reign until death.
"Songs" by Peter John Allan
As red as the red of roses,
As white as the white of snows!
But the red is a red of a surface
Beneath which a God's blood flows;
And the white is the white of a sunlight
Within which a God's flesh glows.
"Feast Of The Sacred Heart" by Abram Joseph Ryan
Sudden as winds that madd'ning sweep
The foaming surface of the deep,
Vast treasures, trusted to the wave,
Were buried in the billowy grave!
Our Merchant, late of boundless store,
Saw Famine hasting to his door.
"Beauty And The Beast" by Charles Lamb
In truth, since then how many men
Have learned that the mighty deep
Can heave and swell to a seething hell,
When storms its surface sweep!
For its calm hath fled, and countless dead
Are the spoils it loves to heap.
"A Story Of The Sea" by John Lawson Stoddard
"Turn yon robe," spake Magdalen, * "of torn bright song, and see and
They turned the raiment, saw and felt * what their turning did
reveal -
All the inner surface piled * with bloodied hairs, like hairs of
"A Judgment In Heaven" by Francis Thompson

In news:

The surface of Vesta as imaged by the Dawn spacecraft.
On the surface, the campaign controversy du jour could hardly be a more straightforward story.
Added surface area means you ski it shorter and slower, with effortless starts and a less tiring run.
An internal investigation is underway after nearly 20 photos surfaced.
Or, an injured foot based on a report that surfaced today.
Coat the chicken breast with blackening rub, pressing it into the surface.
The fiscal court received three bids for the surface, one from Rigler for $50.50 per ton.
A surface preparation technology company, has released a new, more powerful 500E Global portable shotblast cleaning system.
Abrasive Blaster Provides Surface Treatment Solutions.
O n a foggy October day in 2002, Basil Seggos first saw the sheen on the surface of the water.
The story surfaced yesterday on Facebook and on the street: a woman was the victim of a bizarre 'attack' with a drug-laced business card .
Meteorites that crashed into the Martian surface last year exposed buried ice to the digital eyes of NASA spacecraft.
Vacuum and wipe walls and ceilings, and dust all surfaces.
Microsoft's Surface tablet with Windows RT is the first worthwhile post-PC device in our post-PC world.
Now, the park exudes a surface calm .

In science:

The assumptions of the theorem imply that the surface X is either a torus, a K3 surface, or an Enriques surface.
Real versus Complex Volumes on Real Algebraic Surfaces
In this context, we often refer to vertical surface area as tangential surface area because it is the component of surface area tangential to spheres about the origin.
The Log-Convex Density Conjecture and vertical surface area in warped products
L minimize vertical surface area among rectifiable hypersurfaces with which they bound net volume 0 and thus uniquely minimize surface area among such surfaces.
The Log-Convex Density Conjecture and vertical surface area in warped products
This reflects the fact that while vertical surface area is preserved in Proposition 2.3, surface area is not, and so the regions of finite surface area are not necessarily the same.
The Log-Convex Density Conjecture and vertical surface area in warped products
That vertical fibers are uniquely isoperimetric follows because surface area is greater than vertical surface area with equality only when the surface is a union of vertical fibers.
The Log-Convex Density Conjecture and vertical surface area in warped products
F (V ) > 0, and ˜F (V0 ) = F (V0 ) then the fiber {r} × L such limV →|[0,B )×L| that |(0, r) × L| = V0 minimizes vertical surface area among rectifiable hypersurfaces with which it bounds net volume 0 and thus uniquely minimizes surface area among such surfaces.
The Log-Convex Density Conjecture and vertical surface area in warped products
For the injection of the particles from the stellar surface, the surface charge (σ −σGJ)∆S is replaced by the simulation particles, where ∆S is the surface element of the stellar surface.
A Particle Simulation for the Axisymmetric Pulsar Magnetosphere: II. the case of dipole field
Such 2D random surfaces are also expected to arise as continuum limits of the random-planar-graph surfaces developed in random matrix theory, as became clear after KPZ discovered their famous relation between critical exponents on a random surface and in the Euclidean plane [3–5].
The Hausdorff Dimension of Two-Dimensional Quantum Gravity
By Kerekjarto Theorem (see e.g. , p.262 and , p.26), this surface is thus C ∞ diffeomorphic to the surface M of example 1 (i.e. to the original surface carrying a flow without minimal set constructed in ) and hence to S ⊂ R3 . N carries a C ∞ vector field
Flows near Compact Invariant Sets - Part I
Contour lines represent the surface density in two groups: black contours show low surface density (10−4 < Σ < 10−0.5 ) on a logarithmic scale in order to highlight the streams; white contours show high surface density (1.4 < Σ < 3.0 on a linear scale in order to highlight the lump).
Three Dimensional MHD Simulation of Circumbinary Accretion Disks: Disk Structures and Angular Momentum Transport
Then the surface S 2 \ B has a natural structure of a Riemann surface (induced by the Riemann surface structure of S 2 ).
The simple complexity of a Riemann surface
The surface stress-energy tensor may be written in terms of the surface energy density, σ , and the surface pressure, P , as S i j = diag(−σ, P , P ).
Generic spherically symmetric dynamic thin-shell traversable wormholes in standard general relativity
The surface stress-energy tensor on the junction surface Σ is depicted in the embedding spacetime diagram in Fig. 3, in terms of the surface energy density, σ , and the surface pressure, P .
Generic spherically symmetric dynamic thin-shell traversable wormholes in standard general relativity
The surface stress-energy tensor on Σ is given in terms of the surface energy density, σ , and the surface pressure, P .
Generic spherically symmetric dynamic thin-shell traversable wormholes in standard general relativity
Keywords: mixed p-affine surface area, affine isoperimetric inequality, Lp affine surface area, Lp Brunn-Minkowski theory, general affine surface area, valuation.
Inequalities for general mixed affine surface areas