Surface loading


  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Surface loading (Aëronautics) The weight supported per square unit of surface; the quotient obtained by dividing the gross weight, in pounds, of a fully loaded flying machine, by the total area, in square feet, of its supporting surface.
    • ***


In literature:

The boat came up to the surface, broken in twain, splintered, a load of firewood for those who raked the river lower down.
"The Guardian Angel" by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
The sledge was crossing a surface of deep snow which soon became so sticky that the load would scarcely move.
"The Home of the Blizzard" by Douglas Mawson
The men alone ought not to have heavy loads on the surface, which is extremely trying.
"The Voyages of Captain Scott" by Charles Turley
It floated just above the surface and was half submerged when loaded.
"Camps and Trails in China" by Roy Chapman Andrews and Yvette Borup Andrews
The loading surface of the goods equals eleven acres, and would convey 40,000 tons.
"Rides on Railways" by Samuel Sidney
The loads are still pretty heavy, but the surface is remarkably good considering all things.
"The Worst Journey in the World, Volumes 1 and 2" by Apsley Cherry-Garrard
That the swifter the wing beat, the more efficient its effect per unit of surface, the greater the load carried, and the swifter the flight.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 443, June 28, 1884" by Various
It is no easy thing to strain forward, swimming the high seas, bearing above the surface a load which on land would make a strong man stagger.
"The Stolen Singer" by Martha Idell Fletcher Bellinger
D-class leadys were loading material and weapons on surface carts.
"The Defenders" by Philip K. Dick
Time and again it nearly shook itself free of its load and rose to the surface.
"Billy Topsail & Company" by Norman Duncan
Far away, well beyond rifle shot, two loaded canoes appeared, skimming the surface of the river.
"Beyond the Frontier" by Randall Parrish
A load of wounded guards was being raised to the surface.
"The Variable Man" by Philip K. Dick
This way, they can carry twice as much load, by just circling the planet close to the surface.
"Cancer World" by Harry Warner
The last or surface layer should be rolled until the wheels of heavily loaded vehicles passing over it make no visible impression.
"The Future of Road-making in America" by Archer Butler Hulbert
The grade was steep and the torn-up surface was badly adapted for heavy loads.
"Harding of Allenwood" by Harold Bindloss
They had washed up each bucket-load as they brought it to the surface, and the result had made the richness of the mine increasingly plain.
"Delilah of the Snows" by Harold Bindloss
It was an ore skip, with its load of iron ore thundering to the surface.
"The Iron Boys in the Mines" by James R. Mears
Packing them with dirt, the little fellow trudges gayly to the surface, and there cleverly dumps his load.
"Buffalo Land" by W. E. Webb
A part of the invisible load of waste is thus transferred from rocks near the surface to those at greater depths.
"The Elements of Geology" by William Harmon Norton
The floats may be small balls of wood, of wax or of hollow metal, so loaded as to float nearly flush with the water surface.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 1" by Various

In news:

The system reduces surface temperatures and lowers air-conditioning loads.
If the brush pattern is too narrow, increase brush pressure or brush-to-surface load.
Forming and maintaining hydrodynamic lubrication depends on surface geometry, speed, load, and the viscosity of the lubricant .
The robust design of these units, says MEC, includes the company's use of wide beams and large pins, in self-lubricating bearings, to create large load-bearing surfaces in scissor -pivot areas.
Surface friction, ball bounce and rolling load are factors considered in specification of hardwood floors for gymnasiums.
COE Spacer Trays , with unique zigzag spacer bar designed into the occlusal surface, allow you to seat loaded impression trays to the correct depth, time after time.
Even so, the blows scooped out loads of material from Vesta 's surface -- enough to fill 400 Grand Canyons, estimated team member David O'Brien of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Ariz.
Even so, the blows scooped out loads of material from Vesta 's surface — enough to fill 400 Grand Canyons, estimated team member David O'Brien of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Ariz.
Loading flails too tightly on the drum shaft or raising a planer's wheels off the surface will cause flails to wear unevenly.

In science:

Loading atoms on the fly by photodesorption from the surfaces of a glass cell has been demonstrated recently.
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
Surface density profiles that decline steeply with radius damp gravitational instability by loading the mass preferentially toward the inner disk, where dissipative shear stresses are strongest.
Ice Lines, Planetesimal Composition and Solid Surface Density in the Solar Nebula
Where t1 and t2 are times taken in the steady state. The goal of the optimization process is to find the best values for the load (R), the initial air gap (g0) and the surface of the electrodes (S) for a given vibration (Y, ω) and a given surface voltage (V).
Electret-based cantilever energy harvester: design and optimization
Indeed, recent experimental studies of CO oxidation over Ru(0001) surfaces loaded with such high oxygen concentrations, have found even higher rates (B¨ottcher et al., 1997, 1999).
Theory of Adsorption on Metal Substrates
Since our global surface pressure data is much less precise than the station pressure, we restrict here to a linear regression to the station pressure, since the loading effect is strongly correlated to it.
A Solar System Test of Mach's Principle with Gravimetric Data
We previously determined the initial yield surfaces and the evolution of the yield surfaces during a complex loading path.
Anisotropic behaviour law for sheets used in stamping: A comparative study of steel and aluminium
The load was applied onto the upper surface and caused it to move towards the lower surface compressing the dust sample.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
For some of the optical tests, we use an additional 2mm-thick carbon-loaded PTFE sheet to reduce in-band millimeter wave loading on the detectors. A λ/4 quartz plate is glued (GE varnish) onto the silicon entry surface as the anti-reflection coating.
Antenna-coupled TES bolometer arrays for CMB polarimetry
We load a single electron using an electron beam from an atomically sharp tungsten field-emission tip. A hole in the bottom endcap electrode admits the beam, which hits the top endcap electrode and releases gas atoms cryopumped on the surface.
Cavity Control of a Single-Electron Quantum Cyclotron:\\Measuring the Electron Magnetic Moment
Emergency power: A generator will be supplied for the surface facilities that will require substantial emergency power for Life Safety or Critical Equipment loads.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
Solid surface: Lowman states in his Mercury article that the briefest answer to the question about scientific advantages of the lunar surface is the word “surface.” The lunar surface offers a stable foundation, a reaction load and inertial sink to push against for movement, and a fixed reference frame.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
The heat load there is dominated by scattered and diffracted light from surrounding mountain peaks, and small amounts of interior heat conducted to the surface.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
G(¯r , 0) is the static Green’s function of a free elastic half-space loaded at the free surface.
Intrinsic dissipation in nanomechanical resonators due to phonon tunneling
By comparing the total energy for the surfaces separated with the case where the surfaces are in contact at equilibrium (at zero external load) we obtain ∆γ = 0.69 J/m2 for the case ǫ = ǫ0 , and 4 and 8 times higher interfacial binding energy for the other two cases respectively.
Contact mechanics with adhesion: Interfacial separation and contact area
The cylinder has the radius R = 1 cm and is squeezed against a rubber surface with the load fN = 100 N/m giving a static contact area with the width a0 = 0.11 cm.
Rolling friction for hard cylinder and sphere on viscoelastic solid