• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sub- (Chem) A prefix denoting that the ingredient (of a compound) signified by the term to which it is prefixed,is present in only a small proportion, or less than the normal amount; as, subsulphide, suboxide, etc. Prefixed to the name of a salt it is equivalent to basic; as, subacetate or basic acetate.
    • Sub- A prefix signifying under below beneath, and hence often, in an inferior position or degree in an imperfect or partial state, as in subscribe, substruct, subserve, subject, subordinate, subacid, subastringent, subgranular, suborn. Sub- in Latin compounds often becomes sum- before m sur before r, and regularly becomes suc- suf- sug-, and sup- before c f g, and p respectively. Before c p, and t it sometimes takes form sus-by the dropping of b from a collateral form, subs-).
    • ***


  • Albert Camus
    “A sub-clerk in the post-office is the equal of a conqueror if consciousness is common to them.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. sub, under, below; akin to Gr. , Skr. upa, to, on, under, over. Cf. Hypo- Super-


In literature:

A mere sub-officer of the Central State.
"Tarrano the Conqueror" by Raymond King Cummings
It need scarcely be said that the lieutenant and his sub did not sleep much that night.
"The Hot Swamp" by R.M. Ballantyne
Origin and territorial location of the different sub-races.
"The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria" by W. Scott-Elliot
Then you and I head for the sub-cellar for a radiation check and find you a handsome corpse.
"Planet of the Damned" by Harry Harrison
Tent sub-divisions in readiness to rejoin early.
"Gallipoli Diary, Volume 2" by Ian Hamilton
The due sequence of these sub-types is for the present an open question.
"Lectures on Stellar Statistics" by Carl Vilhelm Ludvig Charlier
Division "A": W. D. Jarvis, Inspector; Severe Gagnon, Sub-Inspector.
"Policing the Plains" by R.G. MacBeth
Sub-Octave Choir to Great.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Abbey Church of Tewkesbury" by H. J. L. J. Massé
They could not command the stock, and sub-contracting has undoubtedly been a failure.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 5, August, 1915" by Various
Each of these classes has numerous sub-divisions.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
Each heading will comprise various sub-headings, and of these I shall speak more in detail.
"The Book-Hunter at Home" by P. B. M. Allan
For now they could see the objective of the aero-sub.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
That's why they trapped your sub.
"Under Arctic Ice" by H.G. Winter
In the meantime I have warned all sub-deputies in Brazil.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
This sub-species is like the last with the addition of a chestnut patch on the belly.
"The Bird Book" by Chester A. Reed
Surfaced, the sub could make sixty knots, and he meant to stay surfaced until there were hints of pursuit.
"Way of a Rebel" by Walter M. Miller
Stabbing flashes of fire from the sub-machine guns showed where the enemy was retreating.
"The Lost Warship" by Robert Moore Williams
But they, in their turn, have to be subdivided into two sub-species.
"A Problem in Modern Ethics" by John Addington Symonds
I can see them, of course, with this sub-ether spy, but they can't see us!
"Triplanetary" by Edward Elmer Smith
If used for sub-tropical bedding, it should be cut down to the ground every winter.
"Trees and Shrubs for English Gardens" by Ernest Thomas Cook

In poetry:

Greyhound bitches
Sending their rosy muzzled pensive down,
And breathing soft, unwilling to wake to the new day
Yet sub-delighted.
"Sicilian Cyclamens" by D H Lawrence
O, vino iar! Cuvinte dulci inspira-mi,
Privirea ta asupra mea se plece,
Sub raza ei mã lasa a petrece
Si cânturi noua smulge tu din lira-mi.
"Sonnet 3" by Mihai Eminescu
The Captain sniffed, but took the snub,
Then, calling to the junior Sub.,
Observed, ‘Look here, what’s all this mess?
It’s fit for pigs, sir, nothing less!’
"Orange peel" by J Milton Hayes
The sun was setting in its wonted west,
When HONGREE, Sub-Lieutenant of Chassoores,
Met MAHRY DAUBIGNY, the Village Rose,
Under the Wizard's Oak - old trysting-place
Of those who loved in rosy Aquitaine.
"Hongree and Mahry" by William Schwenck Gilbert
When Julius Fabricius, Sub-Prefect of the Weald,
In the days of Diocletian owned our Lower River-field,
He called to him Hobdenius-a Briton of the Clay,
Saying: "What about that River-piece for layin' in to hay?"
"The Land" by Rudyard Kipling
If de greates' is de servant, den Ah got to say o' dem,
Dey'll be standin' nex' to Jesus, sub to no one else but Him;
If de crown goes to de fait'ful, an' de palm de victors wear,
Dey'll be loaded down wid jewels more dan anybody dere.
"Black Mammies" by Leslie Pinckney Hill

In news:

When I'm asked to emergency sub I like to play long songs cause I don't have much time to prep.
Don't let trivialities like sub-zero temperatures and snowfall keep your sports car stuck.
When I read Tasha Eichenseher's recent Land Letter article (sub reqd) about fracking's use of water, I was alarmed by the numbers.
As for Urodeta moths, they may not be the flashiest, but studying them is an important part of documenting the biodiversity of sub-Saharan Africa, de Prins said.
China's arms flooding sub-Saharan Africa.
Sub Pop And The Indies Circa 2008: Not One Other Mention Of Nirvana, I Swear.
Centralina Council of Governments plans 30 sub regions.
Sub o' the half hour typey.
Jefferson City Sub Shop, KRCG and Loeffler's Link is sponsoring a weekly NASCAR contest.
David is subbing for Brice.
SVS's $1,599-suggested SB13 Ultra will be the smallest sub in the company's Ultra series at 17.4 inches square.
Subs in Jersey are like cheesesteaks in Philly.
Band of Horses Everything All the Time Sub Pop.
With Morel's back worse than thought, Ventura expresses confidence in subs.
Paul Ryan did not run a sub-3 hour marathon: Runner's World sleuthing digs up 4:01:25 finish.

In science:

Summary of observed (sub)mm fluxes for SMGs in the 4C 41.17 fiel d which have been observed at more than one (sub)mm wavelength.
Wide-field mid-infrared and millimetre imaging of the high-redshift radio galaxy, 4C41.17
The 24-µm-(sub)mm and radio-(sub)mm association probabilities are given in boldface in cases where the association is deemed significant ( P ≤ 0.05).
Wide-field mid-infrared and millimetre imaging of the high-redshift radio galaxy, 4C41.17
Although, in cases where a source was detected at more than one (sub)mm wavelength, the postamp image has been centered on the average (sub)mm centroid (Table 3).
Wide-field mid-infrared and millimetre imaging of the high-redshift radio galaxy, 4C41.17
Most of the research on sub jective randomness seeks to understand what exactly are the differences between sub jective randomness and stochastic randomness and to understand why this is so.
Effective Generation of Subjectively Random Binary Sequences
In studying those sequences which are sub ject to the above constraints, it becomes apparent that sub jectively random binary sequences are anything but random in the sense that they have properties which fall far from the norm for Bernoulli trials [LV].
Effective Generation of Subjectively Random Binary Sequences
The least sub-preclone of a preclone S , containing a given subset A is called the sub-preclone of S generated by A.
Algebraic characterization of logically defined tree languages
The sub ject of current flows on resistor networks is a vast sub ject, with extensive literature in physics, mathematics, and engineering journals.
Fractal and Multifractal Scaling of Electrical Conduction in Random Resistor Networks
In this paper we take a closer look at the distribution of certain functions of independent random variables and show that the tail distribution exhibits a sub-Gaussian (or subexponential) behavior in a stronger “local” sense in many cases when concentration inequalities predict a sub-Gaussian (subexponential) tail.
Local tail bounds for functions of independent random variables
In case more than N −K symbols are erased, E ,sub is obviously different from E ,sub denote the probability of this event. P MDS a decoding error occurs.
Optimal Coding for the Erasure Channel with Arbitrary Alphabet Size
Because there are no inter-sub-graph constraints, i.e., the labelings on the sub-graphs can be chosen independently, the entropy is simply a sum of contributions from each subgraph.
Infinite Randomness Phases and Entanglement Entropy of the Disordered Golden Chain
Size and average degree of the sub-networks remain the same as for the random sub-networks, i.e. N = 500 and < k >= 5.
Spectral analysis of deformed random networks
However, the inference requires that sub jects entering a trial constitute a random sample of sub jects from a well defined population.
Multi-center clinical trials: Randomization and ancillary statistics
Alternatively, if X1,1 has sub-Gaussian or sub-exponential moments then one may also try to adapt the proof of Rudelson and Vershynin to the noncentered settings.
Circular Law Theorem for Random Markov Matrices
Safra. A sub-constant error-probability low-degree test, and a sub-constant errorprobability pcp characterization of np.
Transitive-Closure Spanners
The individual orders of the ThAr spectra were also divided into 14 sub-apertures, and wavelength solutions were derived for each of the 98 sub-apertures.
Carbon Abundances of Three Carbon-Enhanced Metal-Poor Stars from High-Resolution Gemini-S/bHROS Spectra of the 8727A [C I] Line