- n Sturnella a genus of passerine birds including the meadowlarks
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n sturnella A remarkable genus of Icteridæ, typical of the subfamily Sturnellinæ, containing the American meadow-starlings or so-called field-larks. The bill is of peculiar shape, longer than the head, with straight outlines, abruptly angulated commissure, and flattened culmen extending on the forehead. The feet are large and strong, reaching beyond the tail when outstretched, eminently fitted for terrestrial locomotion. The wings are short and rounded, and the tail is very short, with stiffish narrow acute feathers. The coronal feathers are bristle-tipped; and the plumage is much variegated, the under parts being yellow with a black horseshoe on the breast. There is one species with several geographical races, or several species, inhabiting Mexico, Central America, and most parts of North America and the West Indies. S. magna is the common meadow-lark of the eastern United States, and S. neglecta is characteristic of the western prairies. The genus formerly included those related South American birds in which the yellow is replaced by red, now called Trupialis or Pezites. Also called Pedopsaris. See also cut under meadow-lark.