Stum

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • v. t Stum To renew, as wine, by mixing must with it and raising a new fermentation. "We stum our wines to renew their spirits."
    • Stum Unfermented grape juice or wine, often used to raise fermentation in dead or vapid wines; must. "Let our wines, without mixture of stum , be all fine.""And with thy stum ferment their fainting cause."
    • Stum Wine revived by new fermentation, reulting from the admixture of must.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n stum Unfermented or partly fermented grape-juice. Specifically— Must which has not yet begun to ferment.
    • stum To prevent from fermenting; operate upon (wine) in a manner to prevent after-fermentation in casks. A common method is, before filling them, to burn sulphur in the casks with the bung-holes stopped. The sulphur is coated upon a linen rag, lighted, and then dropped in through the bung-hole, which is thereupon immediately closed. The wood of the cask is thus saturated with sulphur dioxid, which destroys all the germs of fermentation contained in it, and when the wine is put in a minute portion of the sulphur dioxid is dissolved in the liqnor. Sodium sulphite added to wine in small quantity produces a similar result. Salicylic acid in minute quantity also prevents after-fermentation. A few drops of oil of mustard or a little mustard-seed dropped into wine will also stum it.
    • stum To fume with sulphur or brimstone, as a cask.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Stum stum must, grape-juice unfermented: new wine used to revive dead or vapid wine: a mixture used to impart artificial strength, &c., to weak beer or wine: wine revived by the addition of stum or by a second fermentation
    • v.t Stum to renew or doctor with stum: to fume, as a cask of liquor, with burning sulphur
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
D. stom, must, new wort, properly, dumb; cf. F. vin muet, stum. Cf. Stammer Stoom

Usage

In literature:

She took me into her cottage, & gave me to eat, butt my great terror took my stum-ack away from me.
"Crooked Trails" by Frederic Remington
Himlen bar Stjerner Natten er stum.
"The Magnetic North" by Elizabeth Robins (C. E. Raimond)
Afore we knowed it a'most, he was down and lying flat on his stum.
"Brownsmith's Boy" by George Manville Fenn
***

In poetry:

When you with High-Dutch Heeren dine,
Expect false Latin and stum'd wine:
They never taste who always drink;
They always talk who never think.
"Upon This Passage In Scaligeriana" by Matthew Prior

In news:

Who recently attributed an involuntary hospitalization to wisdom-teeth complications -- stum bled up to the check-in table with a posse of eight.
***

In science:

Etesse, J.-Y., Le Stum, B.: Fonctions L associ`ees aux F -isocristaux surconvergent I.
Product formula for p-adic epsilon factors
***