Striges

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n. pl Striges (Zoöl) The tribe of birds which comprises the owls.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • striges The owls, or Strigidæ in a broad sense, as a suborder of Raptores; the nocturnal birds of prey. The physiognomy is peculiar by reason of the lateral expansion, lengthwise contraction, and diploic thickening of the skull, which is often asymmetrical. The eyes look forward, not laterally as in other birds, and are set in a peculiar disk of radiated feathers more or less completely formed, the feathers of the front being antrorse and adpressed, hiding the base of the bill. This is the facial disk, of which some radiating feathers of peculiar shape and texture constitute a ruff. The eyes are very large, with a peculiarly shaped eyeball, the cornea being protuberant, and with the sclerotic presenting a figure somewhat like a short acorn in its cup; the iris is capable of great movement, dilating and contracting the pupil more than is usual in birds. The ear-parts are very large, often unlike on opposite sides of the head, and provided with a movable external flap, the operculum, sometimes of great extent. The tufts of feathers, or so-called “ears,” of many owls are the corniplumes or plumicorns. The bill is peculiar in that the nostrils open at the edge of the cere rather than in its substance, and the tomia are never toothed. There are four toes, of which the outer is versatile and shorter than the inner, with three of its joints together shorter than the fourth joint. The claws are all long, sharp, and curved, and the middle one is sometimes pectinate. The feathers lack aftershafts, and the plumage is peculiarly soft and blended, conferring a noiseless flight. The birds have no ambiens muscle, one pair of intrinsic syringeal muscles, a nude oil-gland, long clubbed cæca, short intestines, moderately muscular gizzard, capacious gullet without special crop, a peculiar structure of the tarsometatarsi and shoulder-joint, a manubriated and double-notched or entire sternum, basipterygoid processes, and spongy maxillopalatines and lacrymals. The suborder is divided into two families, Strigidæ and Aluconidæ. Nyctharpages is a synonym. See cuts under barn-owl, braccate, Bubo, hawkowl, Otus, Nyctala, owl, snow-owl, and Strix.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n.pl Striges strī′jez the owls or Strigidæ, a sub-order of Raptores
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., pl. of strix, a streech owl; cf. Gr. a screaming night bird
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. strix, strigis, an owl.

Usage

In literature:

Trochilidae, Striges and Fregata.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
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