• WordNet 3.6
    • n Spondias tropical trees having one-seeded fruit
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n spondias A genus of poly-petalous trees, of the order Anacardiaceæ, type of the tribe Spondieæ. It is characterized by polygamous flowers with eight or ten stamens and four or five styles which are free at the apex. There are 5 species, dispersed through tropical regions of both hemispheres. They bear alternate odd-pinnate leaves, often crowded at the ends of the branches, with opposite and often very taper-pointed leaflets. The small short-pedicelled flowers form spreading terminal panicles. Each flower contains four or five spreading petals and a free ovary of as many cells, which becomes in fruit a fleshy drupe with a thick stone. The leaves and bark often yield medicinal and principally astringent preparations; the fruit is often austere and laxative; that of S. tuberosa is valued in Brazil as a remedy in fevers. The fruits of several species are known as hog-plums. S. purpurea, the purple or Spanish plum, is often cultivated in the West Indies, and is readily propagated by cuttings. S. lutea, a tree resembling the ash and reaching 40 or 50 feet, bears yellowish flower-buds, used as a sweetmeat with sugar, and a yellow oval fruit known as Jamaica plum or golden apple. S. dulcis, a similar tree abundant in most Polynesian islands, and known as Otaheite apple, yields a large yellow fruit with the smell of apples and an agreeable acid flavor, to the eye contrasting handsomely with the dark-green foliage. The tree is widely cultivated elsewhere in the tropics. A Brazilian tree, reported as S. tuberosa, produces long aërial roots which descend and form at the ground large black hollow and cellular tubers containing about a pint of water, supplying in dry weather the needs both of the tree and of travelers. S. mangifera of India is the source of a gum resembling gum arabic, known as hoggum, and of several medicinal remedies. Its smooth yellowish-green fruit is known as wild mango, or amra, and is eaten parboiled or pickled or made into curries.
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In science:

Chemical composition, nutritional evaluation, and economic prospects of Spondias purpurea.
Distribution fitting 12. Sampling distribution of compounds abundance from plant species measured by instrumentation. Application to plants metabolism classification