Spinozism

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Spinozism The form of Pantheism taught by Benedict Spinoza, that there is but one substance, or infinite essence, in the universe, of which the so-called material and spiritual beings and phenomena are only modes, and that one this one substance is God.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Spinozism The metaphysical doctrine of Baruch (afterward Benedict) de Spinoza (1632—1677), a Spanish Jew, born at Amsterdam. Spinoza's chief work, the “Ethics,” is an exposition of the idea of the absolute, with a monistic theory of the correspondence between mind and matter, and applications to the philosophy of living. It is an excessively abstruse doctrine, much misunderstood, and too complicated for brief exposition. The style of the book, an imitation of Euclid's “Elements,” is calculated to repel the mathematician and logician, and to carry the attention of the ordinary reader away from the real meaning, while conveying a completely false notion of the mode of thinking. Yet, while the form is pseudomathematical the thought itself is truly mathematical. The main principle is, indeed, an anticipation in a generalized form of the modern geometrical conception of the absolute, especially as this appears in the hyperbolic geometry, where the point and plane manifolds have a correspondence similar to that between Spinoza's worlds of extension and thought. Spinoza is described as a pantheist; he identifies God and Nature, but does not mean by Nature what is ordinarily meant. Some sayings of Spinoza are frequently quoted in literature. One ot these is omnis determinatio est negatio, “all specification involves exclusion”; another is that matters must be considered sub specie æternitatis, “under their essential aspects.”
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Spinozism spi-nōz′izm the doctrine of Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677), who taught that God is not only the creator, but also the original matter of the universe, which consists of and is a development of Himself
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Usage

In literature:

Spinozism has been accused of atheism.
"The Worlds Greatest Books, Volume XIII." by Various
But idealism is not Spinozism, though it may contain this as one of its strains.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
Spinozism is possible only by the elevation of 'infinite extension' to the dignity of a divine attribute.
"Christianity and Greek Philosophy" by Benjamin Franklin Cocker
Hegel said students of philosophy must begin with Spinozism.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
It seems to me that the ramparts of Spinozism might be beaten down on a side which Bayle has neglected.
"A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 5 (of 10)" by François-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)
This system is a labyrinth, of which one path would lead you to Spinozism, another to Stoicism, another to chaos.
"A Philosophical Dictionary, Volume 9 (of 10)" by François-Marie Arouet (AKA Voltaire)
You have in this distinction the division line between Spinozism and Atheism.
"Heresy: Its Utility And Morality" by Charles Bradlaugh
If Spinozism is true, it is so without Mendelssohn's assent.
"Solomon Maimon: An Autobiography." by Solomon Maimon
The Fichtian theory is accordingly Spinozism, only (as Jacobi strikingly called it) a reversed and idealistic Spinozism.
"A History of Philosophy in Epitome" by Albert Schwegler
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