Sparganium

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Sparganium type and sole genus of Sparganiaceae; marsh or aquatic herbs of temperate regions
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sparganium A genus of monocotyledonous plants, of the order Typhaceæ. It is distinguished from the other genus of that order, Typha, by hyaline scales of the perianth, oblong or wedgeshaped anthers, and sessile ovary. There are about 6 species, natives of both hemispheres in temperate and subfrigid regions. Three somewhat polymorphous species occur in the northeastern United States. They are aquatic herbs, sending up from slender rootstocks erect or floating smooth spongy stems, and alternate entire linear leaves. usually with a sheathing base, stiffiy ascending at a wide angle with the stem (whence they were formerly called reed-grass). The flowers form globular heads, the upper staminate, the lower pistillate, in fruit becoming spherical compact bur-like bodies composed of many sharp-pointed spongy nutlets (whence the popular name bur-reed). They are sometimes planted along the margin of water. The stems have been used to make paper, and the roots of S. ramosum and S. simplex were once in repute as a remedy for snake-bites.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sparganium spär-gā′ni-um a genus of plants of the order Typhaceæ:, the bur-reeds.
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr.