• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sophister A sophist. See Sophist.
    • Sophister (Eng. Univ) A student who is advanced beyond the first year of his residence.
    • v. t Sophister To maintain by sophistry, or by a fallacious argument.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A species of dolphin is born naturally blind in the Indus and Ganges rivers in South Asia. These dolphins have a highly sophisticated sonar system and swim on only one side of their body
    • n sophister A man of learning; a teacher; specifically, a professional teacher of philosophy; a sophist.
    • n sophister A sophist; a quibbler; a subtle and fallacious reasoner.
    • n sophister In English universities, a student advanced beyond the first year of his residence, now generally called a soph. At Cambridge during the first year the students have the title of freshmen, or first-year men; during the second, second-year men, or junior sophs or sophisters; and during the third year, third-year men, or senior sophs or sophisters. In the older American colleges the junior and senior classes were originally called junior sophisters and senior sophisters. The terms were similarly applied to students in their third and fourth years in Dublin University. Compare sophomore.
    • sophister To maintain by a fallacious argument or sophistry.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "sophomore" means "sophisticated moron."
    • n Sophister (Shak.) a student at an English university in his second or third year, the students in these years being called junior and senior sophister respectively
    • ***


  • Don Herold
    Don Herold
    “There is more sophistication and less sense in New York than anywhere else on the globe.”
  • Christopher Hampton
    Christopher Hampton
    “I have always thought of sophistication as rather a feeble substitute for decadence.”
  • Norman Mailer
    “Hip is the sophistication of the wise primitive in a giant jungle.”
  • George Santayana
    “The spirit's foe in man has not been simplicity, but sophistication.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. sophisme—Gr. sophismasophizein, to make wise—sophos, wise.


In literature:

When he was in Rhodes, he heard all the sophists and made each a present of a talent.
"Plutarch's Lives Volume III." by Plutarch
Your cheese board can stand a more sophisticated setup.
"The Complete Book of Cheese" by Robert Carlton Brown
The principles set forth by Quesnay, Turgot, and Adam Smith were to him mere sophistical juggling.
"The Life of Napoleon I (Volumes, 1 and 2)" by John Holland Rose
No, the only thing this century has invented is the sophistication of products.
"Là-bas" by J. K. Huysmans
Then he learns to distinguish the savage from the sophisticated dweller of the town.
"African Camp Fires" by Stewart Edward White
A Sophist, satirized in the "Birds" and "Clouds.
"A Handbook to the Works of Browning (6th ed.)" by Mrs. Sutherland Orr
Unlike Jane, Fanny was vivacious, pert, and, for her years, extraordinarily sophisticated.
"Life and Gabriella" by Ellen Glasgow
Thou art, and thou remain'st, a sophist, liar.
"Faust" by Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
That this may appear empty and sophistical well I know.
"Tragic Sense Of Life" by Miguel de Unamuno
Other critics, again, say that Philo is wearisome and prolix, artificial and sophisticated.
"Philo-Judaeus of Alexandria" by Norman Bentwich

In poetry:

``But when Faith grows a sophist's theme,
And chancels ring with doubt and din,
I sometimes think that they who seem
The most without, are most within.
"Outside The Village Church" by Alfred Austin
Late, too, when France, with sophist cunning fraught,
Essay'd that field which force had fail'd to gain,
And proudly question'd, by success untaught,
Britannia's lineal right—her watery reign!
"Sheridan" by Thomas Gent
Huffer! quoth HUDIBRAS: this sword Shall down thy false throat craw that word.
RALPHO, make haste, and call an officer,
To apprehend this Stygian sophister,
Meanwhile I'll hold 'em at a bay,
Lest he and WHACHUM run away.
"Hudibras: Part 2 - Canto III" by Samuel Butler
His looks would last
at least another ten years. And after that?
Maybe he’ll go back to Sakkas.
Or if the old man has died meanwhile,
he’ll go to another philosopher or sophist:
there’s always someone suitable around.
"From The School Of The Renowned Philosopher" by Constantine P Cavafy
'Perspective betrays with its dichotomy:
train tracks always meet, not here, but only
in the impossible mind's eye;
horizons beat a retreat as we embark
on sophist seas to overtake that mark
where wave pretends to drench real sky.'
"Love Is A Parallax" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

He (as played by Anthony Hopkins in The Silence of the Lambs ) showed me the level of sophistication that can be brought to a horror film.
Their contributions are timeless and can still evoke a twerk or two from the most sophisticated ladies in the club.
Three men were arrested at their residence over the weekend after sheriff's deputies found a sophisticated marijuana growing system.
As frozen foods get more sophisticated, so do their manufacturing processes.
I dare you to bring this sophisticated fruit salad to a picnic.
Some people focused on complex issues in sophisticated ways.
Researchers at Kaspersky Labs are reporting the discovery of another variant of sophisticated spyware that appears to be part of the growing Stuxnet family.
The rover Curiosity, nearing Mars, has sophisticated tools to help answer the question: Did the Red Planet ever sustain life — and could it today.
Why the clean, sophisticated interior of this Hollywood bungalow needed nothing so much as a man's touch.
PIONEER'S GROWINGPOINT PROGRAM PROVIDES A SPECIAL VALUE-ADD by the AgriMarketing Editors January/February 2007 Direct marketing activities range from the simplest of projects, like mailing a postcard, to highly sophisticated ones.
'Duqu' Virus Likely Handiwork Of Sophisticated Government, Kaspersky Lab Says.
Sometimes the movies remind us not to be too clever or sophisticated about what it all means.
While Nigerian security forces have succeeded in arresting senior members of Boko Haram , the Islamist militant group has shown signs of growing sophistication in its methods.
It wasn't sophisticated, but it would have done a lot of damage.
At the same time, consumer pallets are becoming more sophisticated.

In science:

N → ∞ and this is only a few lines proof, while the techniques used to prove (3) are more sophisticated.
The zeros of random polynomials cluster uniformly near the unit circle
We also consider to integrate our system with more sophisticated networks, e.g.
"Pi of the Sky" - all-sky, real-time search for fast optical transients
The extra degrees of freedom generate a more sophisticated set of steric constraints.
Chirality and Protein Folding
Due to this limitation, more sophisticated schemes based on Monte Carlo sampling, have been employed to generate SAWs with the correct weight, and to obtain ensemble averages of several quantities .
Self-avoiding walks on scale-free networks
So, we need a more sophisticated mathematical tool.
Online Permutation Routing in Partitioned Optical Passive Star Networks