Sophist

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n sophist someone whose reasoning is subtle and often specious
    • n Sophist any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A species of dolphin is born naturally blind in the Indus and Ganges rivers in South Asia. These dolphins have a highly sophisticated sonar system and swim on only one side of their body
    • Sophist Hence, an impostor in argument; a captious or fallacious reasoner.
    • Sophist One of a class of men who taught eloquence, philosophy, and politics in ancient Greece; especially, one of those who, by their fallacious but plausible reasoning, puzzled inquirers after truth, weakened the faith of the people, and drew upon themselves general hatred and contempt. "Many of the Sophists doubdtless card not for truth or morality, and merely professed to teach how to make the worse appear the better reason; but there scems no reason to hold that they were a special class, teaching special opinions; even Socrates and Plato were sometimes styled Sophists ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The word "sophomore" means "sophisticated moron."
    • n sophist One who is skilled or versed in a thing; a specialist.
    • n sophist An ancient Greek philosophic and rhetorical teacher who took pay for teaching virtue, the management of a household or the government of a state, and all that pertains to wise action or speech. Sophists taught before the development of logic and grammar, when skill in reasoning and in disputation could not be accurately distinguished, and thus they came to attach great value to quibbles, which soon brought them into contempt.
    • n sophist Hence A captious or fallacious reasoner; a quibbler.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Those British are sophisticated people, in almost everything except their choice of coffee. They still drink instant ten-to-one over fresh brewed.
    • n Sophist one of a class of public teachers of rhetoric, philosophy, &c. in Greece in the 5th century B.C.: a captious or fallacious reasoner
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Quotations

  • Don Herold
    Don Herold
    “There is more sophistication and less sense in New York than anywhere else on the globe.”
  • Christopher Hampton
    Christopher Hampton
    “I have always thought of sophistication as rather a feeble substitute for decadence.”
  • Norman Mailer
    Norman%20Mailer
    “Hip is the sophistication of the wise primitive in a giant jungle.”
  • George Santayana
    George%20Santayana
    “The spirit's foe in man has not been simplicity, but sophistication.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. sophiste, L. sophistes, fr. Gr. . See Sophism
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. sophisme—Gr. sophismasophizein, to make wise—sophos, wise.

Usage

In literature:

Mary held the hood and coat to the light and inspected them with a sophisticated eye.
"A Reversible Santa Claus" by Meredith Nicholson
A clever sophist this you speak of, who is able to compel those who have no wisdom to be rightly wise.
"The Tragedies of Euripides, Volume I." by Euripides
It is too sophisticated.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 152, May 2, 1917" by Various
Her sophistication in certain directions was to Sylvia well-nigh incomprehensible.
"A Hoosier Chronicle" by Meredith Nicholson
It was a scene sufficiently gay to hold the interest of a much more sophisticated person than the untraveled young lady from Wyoming.
"The Honorable Percival" by Alice Hegan Rice
Plato abhorred a sophist who would work for wages.
"Women Wage-Earners" by Helen Campbell
She viewed the passing show through her glasses, and experienced a pleasant thrill of sophistication.
"Miss Mink's Soldier and Other Stories" by Alice Hegan Rice
He leaves all that to his schoolfellows, who are more sophisticated and equipped with better English.
"Democracy and Social Ethics" by Jane Addams
Douglas is something of a sophist.
"Children of the Market Place" by Edgar Lee Masters
Jack Ballard exactly defined sophistication, root and branch.
"Paradise Garden" by George Gibbs
By these theorists the right of the people is almost always sophistically confounded with their power.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. III. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
It is not worth our while to discuss, like sophisters, whether in no case some evil for the sake of some benefit is to be tolerated.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. IV. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
False they are, unsound, sophistical; but they are regular in their direction.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. V. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
If within the sophisticated man there is not an unsophisticated one, then he is but one of the Devil's angels.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 12, No. 72, October, 1863" by Various
The logic of the matter is quite simple, if somewhat sophistical.
"Collected Essays, Volume V" by T. H. Huxley
It was the beginning of the retreat of an ardent and gayly candid boy into the adult sophistications of Secrecy.
"The Vehement Flame" by Margaret Wade Campbell Deland
He was a compound of the dandy, the sophist, and the agitator.
"Atlantic Monthly,Volume 14, No. 82, August, 1864" by Various
Even sophistication is capable of being daunted before utterly unknown conditions.
"The Shoulders of Atlas" by Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
He doffed his sophistication as he doffed his formal clothes.
"The Trumpeter Swan" by Temple Bailey
Schmitt, E. H. Ibsen als psychologischen sophist.
"Henrik Ibsen" by Ina Ten Eyck Firkins
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In poetry:

``But when Faith grows a sophist's theme,
And chancels ring with doubt and din,
I sometimes think that they who seem
The most without, are most within.
"Outside The Village Church" by Alfred Austin
Late, too, when France, with sophist cunning fraught,
Essay'd that field which force had fail'd to gain,
And proudly question'd, by success untaught,
Britannia's lineal right—her watery reign!
"Sheridan" by Thomas Gent
Huffer! quoth HUDIBRAS: this sword Shall down thy false throat craw that word.
RALPHO, make haste, and call an officer,
To apprehend this Stygian sophister,
Meanwhile I'll hold 'em at a bay,
Lest he and WHACHUM run away.
"Hudibras: Part 2 - Canto III" by Samuel Butler
His looks would last
at least another ten years. And after that?
Maybe he’ll go back to Sakkas.
Or if the old man has died meanwhile,
he’ll go to another philosopher or sophist:
there’s always someone suitable around.
"From The School Of The Renowned Philosopher" by Constantine P Cavafy
'Perspective betrays with its dichotomy:
train tracks always meet, not here, but only
in the impossible mind's eye;
horizons beat a retreat as we embark
on sophist seas to overtake that mark
where wave pretends to drench real sky.'
"Love Is A Parallax" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

Overly sophisticated Web-presentation technologies may not be good investments.
Like some hearty outdoor recreation while on vacation but prefer it tempered with a touch of tasteful sophistication.
Blending Sophisticated With Homey .
On a polished gold bracelet, the print is sophisticated and classy.
After the sophistication of Rakim, Q-Tip, Nas, Lupe Fiasco, Kanye West and Jay himself, are we back on the corner again.
The meticulousness is in the music – the rigorous art-pop constructions that mark Apple as an heir to songwriting sophisticates like Stephen Sondheim and Elvis Costello.
"This very sophisticated, yet low-key town has world-class art galleries and a big arts community," according to Amber Medkiff, travel director of agency Travcoa.
Bacardi employs sophisticated packaging to communicate the luxury identity of its new super-premium Corzo tequila.
Karyn Calabrese brings healthy dining to a new sophisticated level.
Fluke Corporation will donate $65,000 worth of test instruments to schools and training programs for use in teaching students to diagnose and repair sophisticated industrial process control systems.
Even the most sophisticated DIY handyman can't match the productivity that training and experience provide.
No other large police force in the country had developed such sophisticated antiterrorism strategies.
First in a planned series, Jeffers 's (Stuck) small-scale fable is equal parts whimsy and skinny-tie sophistication.
Largely because of the dining room, which is sophisticated and low-key but with great buzzy energy.
Whether pulled back or left loose, spring's hair gets sophisticated thanks to a deep side part.
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In science:

One can only speculate that this is due to the additional isospin degrees of freedom and the more sophisticated angular momentum coupling scheme used in the nuclear models.
Spin Structure of Many-Body Systems with Two-Body Random Interactions
In this talk I will discuss an alternative approach which uses sophisticated optimization algorithms from Computer Science to find the exact ground state.
Computer Science in Physics
The range of applicability of the method we have used here above cannot be finally discussed without referring to papers using more general and sophisticated methods and/or models.
Coherent description of electrical and thermal impurity-and-phonon limited transport in simple metals
Hooft gives also more sophisticated examples.
Gibbs and Quantum Discrete Spaces
Accordingly, a first ansatz uses fixed masses and widths, whereas the other two try some sophisticated schemes for the running and appropriate change of these parameters, see Tab. 5.
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
A validation of this approach is to compare our simple model with more sophisticated calculations by other authors.
The Very Slow Wind From the Pulsating Semiregular Red Giant L2 Pup
Since the H -test is the most sophisticated measure, we will focus on it.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
Searching for an elementary solution, one may consider some sophisticated density profile, leading to a simple integral in Eq. (117).
Static charged perfect fluid spheres in general relativity
There is a more sophisticated connection at the process level.
Random matrices, non-colliding processes and queues
The performance can be improved further by using a more sophisticated heuristics.
Dynamics of heuristic optimization algorithms on random graphs
Roughly speaking, this feature is present in more sophisticated chiral quark models with non-local interactions.
Pion Structure at High and Low Energies in Chiral Quark Models
More sophisticated assumptions for k0 (z ) and λ will likely lead to a better agreement with the observations.
Seismic diagnostics on stellar convection treatment from oscillation amplitudes of p-modes
Therefore, more sophisticated definitions of clusters were introduced, giving the geometric description of simple fluids a long and rich story.
Clusters in Simple Fluids
Such is the common notion. A more sophisticated concept is required for the quantum particle. A one-dimensional tra jectory is never sufficient.
Spinors in Quantum Geometrical Theory
Although the original derivation uses sophisticated statistical physics ideas, one can also develop it more directly in algorithmic terms.
Constraint Satisfaction by Survey Propagation
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