Siren

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n siren eellike aquatic North American salamander with small forelimbs and no hind limbs; have permanent external gills
    • n siren an acoustic device producing a loud often wailing sound as a signal or warning
    • n siren a warning signal that is a loud wailing sound
    • n siren a woman who is considered to be dangerously seductive
    • n Siren a sea nymph (part woman and part bird) supposed to lure sailors to destruction on the rocks where the nymphs lived "Odysseus ordered his crew to plug their ears so they would not hear the Siren's fatal song"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: George Anthiel composed film scores, but earlier in his life he had been an avant garde composer. In 1924 his "Ballet mecanique" was performed at Carnegie Hall. The work was scored for a fire siren, automobile horns, and an airplane propeller. After only a few minutes of this racket, an aging gentleman in the orchestra seats tied his handkerchief to his cane and began waving a white flag.
    • Siren A mermaid.
    • Siren An enticing, dangerous woman.
    • Siren (Acoustics) An instrument for producing musical tones and for ascertaining the number of sound waves or vibrations per second which produce a note of a given pitch. The sounds are produced by a perforated rotating disk or disks. A form with two disks operated by steam or highly compressed air is used sounding an alarm to vessels in fog.
    • Siren (Zoöl) Any long, slender amphibian of the genus Siren or family Sirenidæ, destitute of hind legs and pelvis, and having permanent external gills as well as lungs. They inhabit the swamps, lagoons, and ditches of the Southern United States. The more common species (Siren lacertina) is dull lead-gray in color, and becames two feet long.
    • a Siren Of or pertaining to a siren; bewitching, like a siren; fascinating; alluring; as, a siren song.
    • Siren (Class. Myth) One of three sea nymphs, -- or, according to some writers, of two, -- said to frequent an island near the coast of Italy, and to sing with such sweetness that they lured mariners to destruction. "Next where the sirens dwell you plow the seas;
      Their song is death, and makes destruction please."
    • Siren Something which is insidious or deceptive. "Consumption is a siren ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n siren In Greek myth, one of two, three, or an indeterminate number of seanymphs who by their singing fascinated those who sailed by their island, and then destroyed them. In works of art they are represented as having the head, arms, and generally the bust of a young woman, the wings and lower part of the body, or sometimes only the feet, of a bird. In Attic usage they are familiar as goddesses of the grave, personifying the expression of regret and lamentation for the dead. See Harpy monument (under harpy), and compare cut under embolon.
    • n siren A mermaid.
    • n siren A charming, alluring, or enticing woman; a woman dangerous from her arts of fascination.
    • n siren One who sings sweetly.
    • n siren A fabulous creature having the form of a winged serpent.
    • n siren In herpetology: Any member of the Sirenidæ.
    • n siren A Linnean genus of amphibians, now restricted as the type of the family Sirenidæ. Also Sirene.
    • n siren One of the Sirenia, as the manatee, dugong, halicore, or sea-cow; any sirenian.
    • n siren An acoustical instrument consisting essentially of a wooden or metallic disk, pierced with holes equidistantly arranged in a circle, which can be revolved over a jet of compressed air or steam so as to produce periodic puffs. When the revolutions are rapid enough, the puffs coalesce into a musical tone. The revolution of the disk is effected either by a motor of some kind, or by setting the holes at an oblique angle so that the impact of the jet shall do the work. In the more complicated forms of the instrument two or more tones can be produced at once, either by having two or more concentric circles of holes in the same disk, or by two separate disks: the latter form is called a double siren. The number of revolutions required to produce a given tone can be counted and exhibited in various ways; and the application of the instrument in acoustical experiments and demonstrations is wide. In the cut a is a perforated disk made to revolve by the pressure of the air forced from the bellows beneath through d; b, vertical shaft revolving with the disk, and, by means of a pair of cog-wheels in the box c, turning the two index-hands on their respective dial-plates, and thus registering the number of revolutions made during the time of observation. Very large sirens are sometimes made for use as fog-signals, the sound being conveyed seaward in a large trumpet-shaped tube called a fog-horn, a name also given to the whole arrangement. See fog-horn. Also sirene.
    • n siren An apparatus for testing woods and metals to ascertain their sonorous qualities.
    • n siren In heraldry, the representation of a mermaid, used as a bearing.
    • siren Pertaining to or characteristic of a siren; dangerously alluring; fascinating; bewitching.
    • n siren A monster without lower extremities.
    • n siren Same as sympus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Siren sī′ren (Gr. myth.) one of certain sea-nymphs who sat on the shores of an island between Circe's isle and Scylla, near the south-western coast of Italy, and sang with bewitching sweetness songs that allured the passing sailor to draw near, only to meet with death: a fascinating woman, any one insidious and deceptive: an instrument which produces musical sounds by introducing a regularly recurring discontinuity into an otherwise steady blast of air: an instrument for demonstrating the laws of beats and combination tones: an eel-like, amphibious animal, with only one pair of feet, inhabiting swamps in the southern states of North America
    • adj Siren pertaining to, or like, a siren: fascinating
    • ***

Quotations

  • Horace
    Horace
    “You must avoid sloth, that wicked siren.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. sirène, properly, a siren in sense 1

Usage

In literature:

I'm not the woman to leave an innocent young man alone with that siren.
"The Honorable Miss" by L. T. Meade
She was no siren, and was without either the parts or the experience for a definite attack on his senses.
"Joanna Godden" by Sheila Kaye-Smith
Against that siren smile, those beckoning hands, I could do nothing.
"Slippy McGee, Sometimes Known as the Butterfly Man" by Marie Conway Oemler
But the solo, as far as Mary was concerned, might have been a siren whistle or a steam calliope.
"The Little Colonel's Chum: Mary Ware" by Annie Fellows Johnston
But woe to the editor and his periodical if he heeds that siren voice!
"A Dutch Boy Fifty Years After" by Edward Bok
Still the din of horns and whistles and sirens, still the shouting.
"The Voice in the Fog" by Harold MacGrath
A few minutes after, the young siren appeared.
"For Woman's Love" by Mrs. E. D. E. N. Southworth
Your voice is like a siren's, your hands command respect and love.
"The Petty Troubles of Married Life, Complete" by Honore de Balzac
The siren voice of pleasure failed not to speak in his ear her most flattering invitations.
"The Life and Adventures of Kit Carson, the Nestor of the Rocky Mountains, from Facts Narrated by Himself" by De Witt C. Peters
They had listened to the siren voice of the tempter, and ruin and despair were their rewards.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 1 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Suddenly the blast of a siren from a vessel in mid-stream shattered the stillness.
"The Odds" by Ethel M. Dell
Hear whole shoals of sirens singing.
"A Study of Shakespeare" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
There would have been little fear, in a modern steamship, of the Sirens' song; one whistle would have broken the charm.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 4, No. 23, September, 1859" by Various
But there was always that vague fear of some outside siren who would capture Murray.
"The Gay Cockade" by Temple Bailey
He had some excuse for the sirens as the Academie des Sciences believed in them for a short time.
"Musical Memories" by Camille Saint-Saëns
Sing us his song again, brave Orpheus, that we may forget the Sirens and their spell.
"Myths That Every Child Should Know" by Various
Its siren sounded quick, angry blasts, and the mob, terrified, broke and scattered to get out of the way of the car.
"The Boy Scouts In Russia" by John Blaine
She stopped an appreciable time, and created a flutter in many anxious hearts by a loud hoot of her siren.
"The Stowaway Girl" by Louis Tracy
The fable of the Sirens finds an exact counterpart in the North.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 2, No. 2, August, 1862" by Various
She is the beautiful siren who is to lure Ulysses into the den where he is to be slain with merciless precision and cold-blooded exactness.
"Cad Metti, The Female Detective Strategist" by Harlan Page Halsey
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In poetry:

So Hermes here and Venus there
Are Memory, are Fate;
And all are Winds; and the Sirens fair
Mute in the Wisdoms wait.
"Dominions Of The Boundary" by Bernard O Dowd
False brethren were his perils there,
And perils by his countrymen,
And perils by the sirens fair
That lured him to the robber's den.
"Hymns For Dedication VIII" by John Pierpont
I could give up the cheering wine,
And never taste the siren cup,
But oh, thou woman, nymph divine,
I can not, will not give thee up.
"Love And Wine" by Thomas Frederick Young
A goddess, with a siren's grace,—
A sun-haired girl on a craggy place
Above a bay where fish-boats lay
Drifting about like birds of prey.
"Orlie Wilde" by James Whitcomb Riley
Wild fancy, peace! thou must not me beguile
With thy false smile:
I know thy flatteries and thy cheating ways;
Be silent, Praise,
Blind guide with siren voice, and blinding all
That hear thy call.
"Wednesday Before Easter" by John Keble
Liberty! look not on me
With a Siren's smile on thy beautiful face,
And a treacherous wile in thy warm embrace;
No! let me feel fetter'd,— a martyr, a slave
To Honour and Duty from cradle to grave!
Liberty, I'll none of Thee.
"Liberty - Equality - Fraternity!" by Martin Farquhar Tupper

In news:

Three Mile Island begins testing new siren system.
Burglar busted found sitting on lanai, unmoved by the sound of approaching sirens.
(FORTUNE Magazine) – THE SIREN SONG of the Hollywood big time holds Lorimar-Telepictures Corp.
HAVE (3) 58 WATT ELECTRONIC SIREN SPEAKER DRIVERS AVAILABLE.
Two new outdoor warning sirens wail into Kirksville.
0One siren is being paid for out of the 2012 budget, and the other is being paid for out of the 2013 budget.
Air raid sirens wail in Jerusalem.
In Jerusalem, terrifying moments as sirens wail .
Air raid sirens wail in Jerusalem as violence in Gaza continues.
This type of new tornado siren near the corner of Central and Tyler will soon be replacing existing sirens in Sedgwick County.
Here is a description of Sirens from Wikipedia.
Will coffee customers recognize the siren symbol on new wordless logo.
Louie Evans rides his bike around Boston making a siren sound.
Residents alarmed by handful of silent sirens.
A computer glitch is being blamed for several tsunami warning sirens initially failing to activate Saturday as residents were ordered to evacuate the coast.
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In science:

More precisely: this is so once the perdurantist “just says No” to the siren-calls of pointil lisme.
On the Persistence of Homogeneous Matter
If the reflection principle is taken as a rule to set future probabilities in terms of current probabilities, it can lead to decisions that appear irrational [22, 23, 24, 25]. A classic example is provided by the story of Ulysses and the Sirens.
Bayesian Conditioning, the Reflection Principle, and Quantum Decoherence
Ulysses knows that tomorrow, as soon as he is within earshot of the Sirens, he will make a catastrophic decision.
Bayesian Conditioning, the Reflection Principle, and Quantum Decoherence
His men achieved coherence by reducing the probability of hearing the Sirens to zero.
Bayesian Conditioning, the Reflection Principle, and Quantum Decoherence
B. C. van Fraassen, “Belief and the Problem of Ulysses and the Sirens,” Phil.
Bayesian Conditioning, the Reflection Principle, and Quantum Decoherence
Standard Sirens” (ApJ 629, 15) come from the inspiral of black hole binaries.
Astrophysics in 2005
Note that it was also proposed that the weak lensing of standard candles (SNIa, or GW sirens) can be used to measure the cross correlation between the magnification µ and δg [90, 91].
Tests of General Relativity on Astrophysical Scales
Coalescences involving at least one neutron star will have electromagnetic (EM) counterparts (e.g., gamma ray bursts) and can be used as “standard sirens” .
Compact binary coalescence and the science case for Einstein Telescope
While ET observations will not be better than conventional methods, gravitational wave “sirens” are self-calibrating and do not have to rely on the lower rungs of the cosmic distance ladder.
Compact binary coalescence and the science case for Einstein Telescope
Jain, Short GRB and binary black hole standard sirens as a probe of dark energy, Phys.
Compact binary mergers: an astrophysical perspective
The luminosity dipole method of standard sirens by now has produced no observational data yet.
Testing the Copernican Principle with Hubble Parameter
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