Shall

Definitions

  • "'If you hang him, you shall hang me too.'"
    "'If you hang him, you shall hang me too.'"
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Shall As an auxiliary, shall indicates a duty or necessity whose obligation is derived from the person speaking; as, you shall go; he shall go; that is, I order or promise your going. It thus ordinarily expresses, in the second and third persons, a command, a threat, or a promise. If the auxillary be emphasized, the command is made more imperative, the promise or that more positive and sure. It is also employed in the language of prophecy; as, “the day shall come when . . . , ” since a promise or threat and an authoritative prophecy nearly coincide in significance. In shall with the first person, the necessity of the action is sometimes implied as residing elsewhere than in the speaker; as, I shall suffer; we shall see; and there is always a less distinct and positive assertion of his volition than is indicated by will. “I shall go” implies nearly a simple futurity; more exactly, a foretelling or an expectation of my going, in which, naturally enough, a certain degree of plan or intention may be included; emphasize the shall, and the event is described as certain to occur, and the expression approximates in meaning to our emphatic “I will go.” In a question, the relation of speaker and source of obligation is of course transferred to the person addressed; as, “Shall you go?” (answer, “I shall go”); “Shall he go?” i. e., “Do you require or promise his going?” (answer, “He shall go”.) The same relation is transferred to either second or third person in such phrases as “You say, or think, you shall go;” “He says, or thinks, he shall go.” After a conditional conjunction (as if, whethershall is used in all persons to express futurity simply; as, if I, you, or he shall say they are right. Should is everywhere used in the same connection and the same senses as shall, as its imperfect. It also expresses duty or moral obligation; as, he should do it whether he will or not. In the early English, and hence in our English Bible, shall is the auxiliary mainly used, in all the persons, to express simple futurity. (Cf. Will v. t. Shall may be used elliptically; thus, with an adverb or other word expressive of motion go may be omitted. "He to England shall along with you."
    • Shall To be obliged; must. "Me athinketh [I am sorry] that I shall rehearse it her."
    • Shall To owe; to be under obligation for. "By the faith I shall to God"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

What shall be Done by the Owner What shall be Done by the Owner
AS YE SOW SO SHALL YE REAP AS YE SOW SO SHALL YE REAP
The treasure is all his own, and he shall have every farthing's worth of it The treasure is all his own, and he shall have every farthing's worth of it
No, no, madam; you shall die this very minute No, no, madam; you shall die this very minute
WHAT SHALL I LOOK AT NEXT WHAT SHALL I LOOK AT NEXT
You shall have another table You shall have another table

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Harthahorne City Ordinance, Section 363, states that it shall be unlawful to put any hypnotized person in a display window.
    • shall A. As an independent transitive verb. To owe; be indebted or under obligation for.
    • shall B. As an auxiliary.
    • shall Am (is, are, was, etc.) obliged or compelled (to); will (or would) have (to); must; ought (to): used with an infinitive (without to) to express obligation, necessity, or duty in connection with some act yet to be carried out.
    • shall Am (is, are, was, etc.) to (do something specified by the infinitive): forming verb-phrases having the value of future and conditional tenses, and usually (and properly enough) called such. shall is used in direct assertion to form the first persons singular and plural of the future and future-perfect tenses, the second and third persons in these tenses being formed by will. In this connection shall simply foretells or declares what is about to take place: as, I shall go to town to-morrow; we shall spend the summer in Europe. The future tense of the verb go thus becomes
    • shall In the second and third persons shall implies authority or control on the part of the speaker, and is used to express
    • shall promise; as, you shall receive your wages;
    • shall command: as, thou Shalt not steal;
    • shall determination; as, you shall go.
    • shall Certainty or inevitability as regards the future.
    • shall Interrogatively, shall or will is used according as the one or the other would be used in reply, and accordingly ‘shall I go?’ ‘shall we ho?’ ‘shall he go?’ ‘shall they go?’ ask for direction, or refer the matter to the determination of the person asked—that is, ‘shall I go?’ anticipates the answer ‘you shall go.’
    • shall After conditionals, such as if or whether, and after verbs expressing condition or supposition, shall expresses simple futurity in all persons, the idea of restraint or necessity involved originally in the word shall being excluded by the context—thus:
    • shall In the older writers, as for instance in the authorised version of the Bible, shall was used of all three persons.
    • shall Shall, like other auxiliaries, is often used with an ellipsis of the following infinitive.
    • shall The past tense should, besides the uses in which it is merely the preterit of shall, as above, has acquired some peculiar uses of its own. In some of these uses should represents the past subjunctive, not the past indicative. It is not used to express simple past futurity, except in indirect speech: as, I said I should [wasto] go; I arranged that he should [was to] go, Should is often used to give a modest or diffident tone to a statement, or to soften a statement from motives of delicacy or politeness: thus, ‘I should not like to say how many there are’ is much the same as ‘I hardly like,’ or ‘I do not like,’ etc. Similarly, ‘it should seem’ is often nearly the same as ‘it seems.’
    • shall Should was formerly sometimes used where we should now use might.
    • shall The distinctions in the uses of shall and will and of should and would are often so subtle, and depend so much upon the context or upon subjective conditions, that they are frequently missed by inaccurate speakers and writers, and often even by writers of the highest rank. There is a tendency in colloquial English to the exclusive use of will and (except after a conditional word) would. See will..
    • shall Synonyms Ought, Should. See ought.
    • n shall An African siluroid fish of the genus Synodontis; specifically, S. schal of the Nile, a kind of catfish with a small mouth, long movable teeth in the lower jaw, a nuchal buckler, and six barbels. Also schal.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1649, Massachusetts's Puritan government ruled the following: "Any childe over 16 who shall CURSE or SMITE their natural FATHER or MOTHER, or act in a STUBBORNE or REBELLIOUS manner shall be put to death."
    • v.t Shall shal (obs.) to be under obligation: now only auxiliary, used in the future tense of the verb, whether a predictive or a promissive future (in the first person implying mere futurity; in the second and third implying authority or control on the part of the speaker, and expressing promise, command, or determination, or a certainty about the future. In the promissive future 'will' is used for the first person, and 'shall' for the second and third).
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oliver Goldsmith
    Oliver%20Goldsmith
    “Write how you want, the critic shall show the world you could have written better.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “What shall he fear that does not fear death.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “No evil shall happen to the just.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “Man shall not live by bread alone.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “If a man will not work, he shall not eat.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “If we live truly, we shall see truly.”

Idioms

As you sow, so shall you reap - This means that if you do bad things to people, bad things will happen to you, or good things if you do good things.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. shal, schal, imp. sholde, scholde, AS. scal, sceal, I am obliged, imp. scolde, sceolde, inf. sculan,; akin to OS. skulan, pres. skal, imp. skolda, D. zullen, pres. zal, imp. zoude, zou, OHG. solan, scolan, pres. scal, sol,. imp. scolta, solta, G. sollen, pres. soll, imp. sollte, Icel. skulu, pres. skal, imp. skyldi, SW. skola, pres. skall, imp. skulle, Dan. skulle, pres. skal, imp. skulde, Goth. skulan, pres. skal, imp. skulda, and to AS. scyld, guilt, G. schuld, guilt, fault, debt, and perhaps to L. scelus, crime
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. sceal, to be obliged; Ger. soll, Goth. skal, Ice. skal, to be in duty bound.

Usage

In literature:

It shall be maturely weighed what shall be done.
"Aurelian" by William Ware
I shall go to Italy in March, and you, my boy, shall go with me.
"The Lure of the Mask" by Harold MacGrath
Shall we submit to it, or shall we tell it to any person?
"The Comedies of Terence" by Publius Terentius Afer, (AKA) Terence
To-morrow night I shall know better, and shall leave you to your silent musings in peace.
"Molly Bawn" by Margaret Wolfe Hamilton
You shall not languish, trust me; virgins here Weeping shall make ye flourish all the year.
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
I shall weep later in my own room, but not before the world, Juan.
"At the Point of the Sword" by Herbert Hayens
I shall not be afraid of you for it, nor shall I tell any one.
"Debts of Honor" by Maurus Jókai
She shall still have the respect of a son, and I shall have the regard of a mother.
"Orley Farm" by Anthony Trollope
Think you, because I shall assume the name, that I shall put on the nature likewise of my race?
"Rookwood" by William Harrison Ainsworth
This is how you shall build it: the ark shall be five hundred feet long, eighty feet wide, and fifty feet high.
"The Children's Bible" by Henry A. Sherman
I shall teach you some of them out of this book.
"The Hour and the Man" by Harriet Martineau
I shall be back soon; but as I have my bonnet on, I shall go and see Johnny Rye and his mother.
"Deerbrook" by Harriet Martineau
In this I shall have very little help from Eugene, and trouble with Wilmarth, but I shall do my whole duty.
"Floyd Grandon's Honor" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
I shall find it all out from Mary, and you may be sure we shall help you.
"Ralph the Heir" by Anthony Trollope
There shall not be left one stone upon another that shall not be thrown down.
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
I shall ascertain the difficulties of travel in Siberia, and shall learn lessons for next time.
"Condemned as a Nihilist" by George Alfred Henty
I shall have to bring my little brothers about you, too, so we shall be even,' he added, smiling.
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
My feet also fast shall be; Men shall weep that shall see this!
"Fifteenth Century Prose and Verse" by Various
However, there are pretty things in it, I fancy; we shall see what you shall say.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 23 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Mrs. Spicture shall set in her chair wiv scushions, and me and dolly shall tite her her tea.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
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In poetry:

Where shall we be,
(She whispers) where shall we be,
When death strikes home, O where then shall we be
Who were you and I ?
"Counting The Beats" by Robert Graves
By wisdom we all things shall know,
By light all things shall see,
By strength, too, all things we shall do,
When we in glory be.
"Of Heaven" by John Bunyan
Sweet maid! oh! bless'd shall be our love,
Till time shall bid it cease to flow;
With thee shall ev'ry moment prove
A little heaven form'd below!
"Song V" by Sir John Carr
When the bells shall rock and ring,
When the flags shall flutter free,
And the choirs shall sing, -
"God save our King"
They shall be there to see.
"The Homecoming" by Joseph Johnston Lee
"Though blind, I still shall see,
Though dead, shall feel your presence and shall know,
I who was beauty's life-long slave, shall so
Win her in death to me.
"Don Rafael" by Emma Lazarus
A Rose shall bloom in the lonely place,
A wild shall echo with sounds of joy,
For heaven's own gladness its bounds shall grace,
And forms angelic their songs employ.
"Isaiah, Chapter XXXV" by John Gardiner Calkins Brainard

In news:

Shall we start with the distant past.
He will overshadow you with his shoulders, and under his wings you shall find hope (Ps 90:4).
A well rounded ensemble of musicians featuring many of Seeger's friends sing a moving round of "We Shall Overcome" on the stage of Madison Square Garden for his landmark birthday concert.
The instant tea and water shall be mixed in a chamber that will rinse clean at the end of the drink.
In recent years, I have become painfully aware of the blissful ignorance that many have in one particular area that I shall call prejudice .
Shall the Devil rise again.
Granted, I grew up in a university town, so we ain't talking Skoal Hollow, Mississip', or nothing, but Champaign-Urbana did indeed have its share of — shall we say — country charm.
A complete obituary shall be published when available through the Peterson-Blick Funeral Home, Inc.
Given that so many states are now "Shall Issue" states, such apparel items will surely be finding their way more often into the mainstream public apparel.
I feel like the Monkees came into town and stole my, or shall I say anybody-who-bought-tickets', money.
Sometimes it's as simple as 'ask and you shall receive.
I regret to inform you that I shall not be joining the 18 billion of you taking place in the post-Thanksgiving shopping bonanza known as Black Friday this year.
Not only is a casket store in a strip shopping center unusual, the caskets 'Til We Meet Again sells are, shall we say, outside the box.
Shall we have some fun.
This construction shall be completed in November 2013, dependent on weather.
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In science:

We shall use essentially the same arguments as in the proof of Theorem 2, we shall only need to adapt them to the homogeneous situation.
Moore-Penrose inverse, parabolic subgroups, and Jordan pairs
To simplify the calculations we shall start from the case X = Tord and then shall explain how the corresponding arguments should be changed in the case of a general smooth manifold.
Perron-Frobenius spectrum for random maps and its approximation
We shall assume that difference in mass of νl , νl ′ neutrinos is small enough to consider νl ′ the probability of transition to the mass shell proportional to the total elastic cross section σ el (p) for the weak interaction (for simplicity we shall deal with the oscillation of two types of neutrinos).
Neutrino Oscillations. Theory and Experiment
Below we shall call it generalized Legendre transformation and for the sake of convenience we shall assume this map (2.2) to be diffeomorphism.
On the concept of normal shift in non-metric geometry
We shall therefore change our point of view: instead of considering any initial law, we shall rather estimate the time to equilibrium when the dynamics starts from the uniform probability.
Convergence to equilibrium for finite Markov processes, with application to the Random Energy Model
We shall consider two functions f and g , although we shall apply this result only in the special case when f = g .
An estimate about multiple stochastic integrals with respect to a normalized empirical measure
For simplicity we shall suppose that V = Ve where e = {s, t} ∈ E (∆) and we shall write m = me .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
In this paragraph, we shall consider solutions to SD[Vt ] which satisfy a compactness condition that we shall discuss in the following subsections.
Combinatorial aspects of matrix models
We shall view the matrix AT A as the true mean of a bounded operator valued random variable, whereas ˜AT ˜A will be its empirical mean; then we shall apply the Law of Large Numbers for operator-valued random variables – Theorem 3.1.
Sampling from large matrices: an approach through geometric functional analysis
In Section 2 we define the model G(n, κ) we shall study, along with the branching process Xκ and integral operator Tκ to which we shall relate its component structure.
The phase transition in inhomogeneous random graphs
Instead, we could consider random subgraphs of GV (n, κ) obtained by keeping each edge, or edge vertex, independently with probability p, and use p as the parameter; as we shall see in Examples 4.10 and 4.11, all three approaches are equivalent, so we shall use the first.
The phase transition in inhomogeneous random graphs
With a few exceptions, in the rest of the paper we shall not refer directly to the lemmas in Section 5; the results in this section describe the properties of the branching process we shall use.
The phase transition in inhomogeneous random graphs
After the proof of Lemma 3.1 we shall show that Lu (N )Lq (M)Lv (N ) is a Banach space for any (1/u, 1/v , 1/q) in the solid K and we shall deduce our main result in this chapter.
Theory of Amalgamated Lp Spaces in Noncommutative Probability
As we shall see, this is relevant for our aims since we shall use these results in the context of free products.
Theory of Amalgamated Lp Spaces in Noncommutative Probability
Now I shall establish more: I shall derive the condition for the asymptotic stability of the invariant measure.
Fluctuations and Long-Term Stability: from Coherence to Chaos
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