• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Shagreen A kind of untanned leather prepared in Russia and the East, from the skins of horses, asses, and camels, and grained so as to be covered with small round granulations. This characteristic surface is produced by pressing small seeds into the grain or hair side when moist, and afterward, when dry, scraping off the roughness left between them, and then, by soaking, causing the portions of the skin which had been compressed or indented by the seeds to swell up into relief. It is used for covering small cases and boxes.
    • Shagreen (Zoöl) Covered with rough scales or points like those on shagreen.
    • Shagreen Made or covered with the leather called shagreen. "A shagreen case of lancets."
    • Shagreen The skin of various small sharks and other fishes when having small, rough, bony scales. The dogfishes of the genus Scyllium furnish a large part of that used in the arts.
    • v. t Shagreen To chagrin.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n shagreen A kind of leather with a granular surface, prepared without tanning from the skin of the horse, ass, and camel, and sometimes the shark, sea-otter, and seal. Its granular appearance is produced by embedding in the skin, while soft, the seeds of a species of Chenopodium, and afterward shaving down the surface, and then, by soaking, causing the parts of the skin which had been indented by the seeds to swell up into relief. It is dyed with the green produced by the action of sal ammoniac on copper filings. Specifically called Orienatal shagreen, having been originally and most extensively produced in Eastern countries.
    • n shagreen Specifically, the skin of a shark or some related selachian, which is roughened with calcified papillæ (placoid scales), making the surface harsh and rasping. See cut under scale, and compare sephen.
    • n shagreen An imitation of genuine shagreen, made by passing raw hide in a moist state through rollers in contact with a roughened copper plate.
    • n shagreen Chagrin. See chagrin.
    • shagreen Made of the leather called shagreen.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Shagreen sha-grēn′ the skin of various sharks, rays, &c., covered with small nodules, used for covering small caskets, boxes, cigar and spectacle cases, &c.: a granular leather prepared by unhairing and scraping the skin of horses, asses, &c
    • Shagreen formerly Chagrin′
    • adj Shagreen made of, or covered with, shagreen
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. chagrin, It. zigrino, fr. Turk. saghri, the back of a horse or other beast of burden, shagreen. Cf. Chagrin


In literature:

Before her, on a chair, lay the shagreen Case of his violin.
"Men, Women and Ghosts" by Amy Lowell
Here, this shagreen Case holds one that I fancy.
"Sword Blades and Poppy Seed" by Amy Lowell
You shall have Havana cigars, with this bit of shagreen: always with this skin, this supreme bit of shagreen.
"The Magic Skin" by Honore de Balzac
She held out the black shagreen case with her fair arm, that did not shake in the least.
"The History of Henry Esmond, Esq." by W. M. Thackeray
He did so,?the lid opened, and discovered a thin quarto, curiously bound in black shagreen?
"The Antiquary, Volume 1" by Sir Walter Scott
The scabbard was of shagreen finely embroidered in gold.
"A Peep into Toorkisthhan" by Rollo Burslem
She cast before her, by a movement full of mute grace, a shagreen bag, which she carried in her belt.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 1"
In the latter a green shagreen case was found containing a seventeenth-century silver and ivory pocket knife and fork.
"Secret Chambers and Hiding Places" by Allan Fea
Dr Solander had lost an opera glass in a shagreen case, and Mr Monkhouse his snuff box.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Vol. 12" by Robert Kerr
Tendons, or stout fish-skin such as shagreen, may also be used on the same principle.
"The Art of Travel" by Francis Galton

In poetry:

Gourds, and melons, spread new lustre
On their veiny dull shagreen;
While the starred pomegranates cluster
Golden balls, with pink between.
"Lita of the Nile" by Richard Doddridge Blackmore
"And so, vith arp and woice,
Both troubled and shagreened,
I hid you to rejoice,
O glorious England's Queend!
And never have to veep, like pore Louis-Phileep,
Because you out are cleaned.
"The Three Christmas Waits" by William Makepeace Thackeray

In news:

Textures include silk, capiz shell and shagreen.
Shagreen Diamond wallpaper by Brett Design, 212-987-8270.
An embossed leather with the texture and look of shagreen, or dogfish skin, can be hung with wallpaper paste like any wallcovering.