• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Scolopendra (Zoöl) A genus of venomous myriapods including the centipeds. See Centiped.
    • Scolopendra A sea fish.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The longest species of centipede is the giant scolopender (Scolopendra gigantea), found in the rain forests of Central and South America. It has 23 segments (46 legs) and specimens have been measured up to 10.5 inches long and 1" in diameter.
    • n scolopendra Some imaginary sea-monster.
    • n scolopendra [capitalized] [NL. (Linnæus, 1735).] A Linnean genus of myriapods, approximately the same as the class Myriapoda, subsequently variously restricted, now the type of the limited family Scolopendridæ, and containing such centipeds as have the cephalic segments imbricate, four stemmatous ocelli on each side, attenuated antennæ, and twenty-one pairs of feet. Among them are the largest and most formidable centipeds, whose poisonous claws inflict very painful and even dangerous wounds. Such is S. castaniceps, of a greenish color with chestnut head, and 5 or 6 inches long, justly dreaded in southerly portions of the United States. See cuts under basilar, centiped, cephalic, and epilabrum.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scolopendra skol-ō-pen′dra a genus of Myriapoda, having a long, slender, depressed body, protected by coriaceous plates, and having at least twenty-one pairs of legs:
    • n Scolopendra skol-ō-pen′dra (Spens.) an imaginary fish or sea-monster
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a kind of multiped, fr. Gr.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. skolopendra, a milliped.


In literature:

In short, it was a giant centipede, apparently of the scolopendra group, but of a form quite new to me.
"The Insidious Dr. Fu-Manchu" by Sax Rohmer
Hashes of slug, Scolopendra or praying mantis furnish the same result.
"The Life of the Fly" by J. Henri Fabre
The genus Scolopendra includes some of the larger species of the order.
"Directions for Collecting and Preserving Insects" by C. V. Riley

In poetry:

The sea lion and the scolopendra
Lolling in sleep he sees
Strange in their ways, and the swift changes
Their landscape makes, from shells to trees.
"A Dream Observed" by Anne Ridler