Scagliola

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Scagliola An imitation of any veined and ornamental stone, as marble, formed by a substratum of finely ground gypsum mixed with glue, the surface of which, while soft, is variegated with splinters of marble, spar, granite, etc., and subsequently colored and polished.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scagliola In architecture, an Italian process for imitating stone, used for enriching columns and internal walls of buildings. It is an application of stucco consisting essentially of a mixture of plaster with glue. The plaster employed must be as pure and white as possible. Various colors are given to it by a mixture of metallic oxids. To imitate different kinds of marble, the colors are mixed with the paste. Breccias are imitated by introducing fragments of colored stucco; granites and porphyries in the same way, and also by cutting into the stucco and filling the cavities with a paste having the color of the crystals it is desired to imitate. Sometimes the stucco is put upon the wall with a brush, as many as twenty coats being applied. It is then roughly polished, and the cavities and defective places filled up; and this is done over and over, until the surface has attained the desired perfection; a finer polish is then given.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scagliola skal-yō′la a composition made to imitate the more costly kinds of marble and other ornamental stones
    • Scagliola Also Scal′iola
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It. scagliuola, dim. of scaglia,. See Scaglia

Usage

In literature:

It is all over marble, maplewood, looking-glasses, arabesques, ormolu, and scagliola.
"The Book of Snobs" by William Makepeace Thackeray
The walls are of Scagliola, and the ceiling is supported by a succession of white marble pillars.
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction" by Various
The walls are of scagliola marble and the ceilings ornamented brilliantly in fresco.
"Seeing Europe with Famous Authors, Volume V (of X)" by Various
It is as durable as a Scagliola column.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 1, No. 2, July, 1850." by Various
The tragic poet Alfieri caused his epitaph to be inscribed on one of these small tables covered with scagliola work.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Vol. 1 (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
At all events I awoke in the morning veined all over like a scagliola column.
"Humorous Readings and Recitations" by Various
Marble, stone, scagliola, or painted stucco are for this reason the best materials.
"The Decoration of Houses" by Edith Wharton
Scagliola, works in, i.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Volume VI (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
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