Sans-culotte

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Sans-culotte A fellow without breeches; a ragged fellow; -- a name of reproach given in the first French revolution to the extreme republican party, who rejected breeches as an emblem peculiar to the upper classes or aristocracy, and adopted pantaloons.
    • Sans-culotte Hence, an extreme or radical republican; a violent revolutionist; a Jacobin.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sans-culotte Literally, one who is without breeches: a name given to the poorer men of Paris who were prominent in the first French Revolution and took part in the attacks upon the court, the Bastille, etc. Its precise origin has been much disputed. It appears as a designation willingly assumed from the very beginning of its use.
    • n sans-culotte Hence An advanced Republican; a revolutionist; by extension, a communist or anarchist.
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Quotations

  • Camille Desmoulins
    Camille Desmoulins
    “I am thirty-three -- the age of the good Sans-culotte Jesus; an age fatal to revolutionists.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., without breeches

Usage

In literature:

However, I soon hit on a remedy, and determined to make my own exit sans-culotte, leaving that portion of my dress with Manon.
"Manon Lescaut" by Abbé Prévost
Their nudity makes them appear to me like sans-culottes in Grecian helmets.
"The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" by Vicente Blasco Ibanez
The sans-culotte of 1793 takes the Iron Crown in 1804.
"Eve and David" by Honore de Balzac
The Sans-culottes believed (as their name might imply) in a return to simplicity.
"What's Wrong With The World" by G.K. Chesterton
It was English sans-culottism.
"My Lady Ludlow" by Elizabeth Gaskell
Can a sans-culotte be reached in that quarter?
"The Origins of Contemporary France, Volume 3 (of 6)" by Hippolyte A. Taine
The sans-culottes should be paid and remain in the towns.
"The Origins of Contemporary France, Volume 4 (of 6)" by Hippolyte A. Taine
But Boivin was a soldier, and a soldier is not a sans-culotte.
"The Historical Nights' Entertainment" by Rafael Sabatini
Fancy living in a room with David's sans-culotte Leonidas staring perpetually in your face!
"The Paris Sketch Book of Mr. M. A. Titmarsh" by William Makepeace Thackeray
For a ci-devant sans-culotte barber and galley-slave, you must grant this is a very modest sum.
"Memoirs of the Court of St. Cloud, Complete" by Lewis Goldsmith
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